Healthcare financing incorporates how funds are mobilised (raising revenue), accumulated (pooling) and allocated (purchasing) to deliver health services to individuals and population groups.
Health systems cannot function without funding: reliable channels of funding are important to ensure that a health system is equitable, and that individual healthcare costs do not cause financial harm.
- Revenue raising ensures that there is money and ensures sustainability.
- Pooling spreads the financial risk across the population to ensure equity and efficacy.
- Allocation mechanisms used to pay for health services ensures services/medicines and technology.
Health financing also ensures the appropriate setting of financial incentives for the payment of health providers. Ultimately, health financing helps health systems to achieve their goals, such as health outcomes/gains, equity in the provision of health services, system efficacy and responsiveness. These key indicators are used to monitor and evaluate the health financing mechanisms adopted by different countries. Thus, knowledge of health financing will help you to understand the extent to which health system goals are achievable (or not) in a given context.
This assessment is designed to encourage teamwork and collaboration. The assessment requires you to engage in extensive research and undertake a critical analysis to craft clear and strategic evidence-based arguments to support your stance: a key skill in public health advocacy and policy development.
Your group will be provided with a topic and the stance that you will be required to argue. Critically evaluate your topic for debate (in essence, writing a position paper).Consider the pros and cons for the achievement of the health system’s goals: the health outcomes (health gain), equity in health and finance, financial protection and the responsiveness of the system.