HNC/HND Engineering 2Higher National Diploma in Electrical and Electronic EngineeringAssignment Brief Unit Number and Title44: Industrial Power, Electronics and StorageAcademic Year2020-2021Unit TutorDr. H.AmreizAssignment TitleControl and integration of renewable energy sourcesIssue Date10 October 2020Submission Date20 December 2020IV Name & DateT.Jey , 15 October 2020Unit Learning OutcomesLO1 Evaluate the energy demand to determine the technology and methods of energyproductionLO2 Discuss current energy efficiency measures, technologies and policies specific tothe building and transportation sectors.LO3 Analyse the control techniques of power electronics for renewable energysystems.LO4 Investigate the impacts of renewable resources to the grid and the various issuesassociated with integrating such resources to the grid.Assignment Brief and GuidanceSubmission FormatThe submission is in the form of an individual report.• the assignment must be submitted in a report format.• it must have appropriate structure and approach.• must append a bibliography in Harvard Referencing formatWhen completing the assignment and producing evidence, each learner must produceindividual and authentic evidence for each task within the assignment HNC/HND Engineering 3 Scenario:The world we live in uses a lot of energy. There are several different energy sources that couldbe used. The global demand for energy is continually increasing. Our population is growing andwe already have more people on the planet than ever before. As well as this, modern lifestylesdemand transport and communications technology, which also require more energy. This raisesissues about the availability of energy sources and the environmental effects of using them.A lot of research is being undertaken to develop sustainable sources of energy such asHydroelectric, solar, wind and tidal power. This brings the role of electricity storage, and inparticular battery systems, to centre stage. The power electronics plays a great role in energyconservation, renewable energy systems (wind and PV), bulk storage of energy andelectric/hybrid vehicles.This assignment introduces the student to the important field of renewable energy systems andthe technological concepts behind providing a sustainable electrical supply for the future –energy storage requirements and intelligent control for power management and smart home,etc. Student are also required to investigate the use of solar and wind power in rural areas andthe savings this entail no transmission lines are required to these areas.LO1 Evaluate the energy demand to determine the technology and methods of energyproductionTask 1.01- Investigate the current day demand of energy sources including both renewable andnon-renewable. Also investigate their impact on the environment and the benefitsand effectiveness of renewable energy systems for short- and long-term energydemand. Students should also investigate the contribution of renewable energyparticularly solar and wind power and why these two types are leading in renewableenergy sectors.2- Examine the benefits of the use of renewable energy sources including solar, wind,tidal and geothermal sources and how effective is the use and contribution of thesesources in the global market of energy. Also examine the rate of the increase andeffectiveness of these sources reasons behind the speed of these rates.3- Investigate the costs of all sources of renewable energy production and technologiesand whether these costs make these sources viable in the future. Students shouldalso investigate how fast are these technological advancements developing andwhat are the obstacles in these paths.4- Determine and assess the use of all available energy sources and their global impacton the global energy demand. Students should report on the contribution of bothrenewable and non-renewable energies and the share of each in responding to theincreasing demand energy by the world.5- Evaluate the effectiveness of the most available renewable energy sources in themarket in responding to the increase of energy demand. Students should alsoevaluate the drawback that keep these sources from fulfilling the demand of theglobal market for more supply of sources of energy. Advantages and disadvantagesof these sources should also be discussed.6- Evaluate critically the performance of a renewable energy system and thetechnologies used in energy efficiency improvement. Students should also HNC/HND Engineering 4 investigate the reasons behind the slow improvement of renewable energytechnologies and their efficiencies and what are the prospects of these sources inthese areas in the future.LO2 Discuss current energy efficiency measures, technologies and policies specific tothe building and transportation sectors.Task 2.01- Discuss the measures which are currently being taken in order to improve theefficiency energy sources as well as, the main factors that affect energy use andefficiency in a building and the reasons behind these factors.2- Discuss the technologies that could be used to support more sustainable transport.Also discuss the increase demand of energy for the transport sector and whetherrenewable energy could fulfil this increasing demand in the future.3- Use Matlab/Simulink or another suitable software to model and simulate energymanagement in a residential building or electric vehicle and the effectiveness of usingthese simulations. Also discuss the advantages of the use of these tools and anyareas for further improvements in order to manage energy sources more effectively.4- Evaluate the selection of suitable technologies to improve energy efficiency in aresidential building or electric vehicle including the reasons behind the suitability ofthese technologies. Students should also discuss what could be done in order toimprove these the efficiency of these technologies further.5- Critically evaluate the performance of the main renewable energy systems and howthe efficiency can be improved, and the role played in this increase by new advancesin power electronics technologies.6- Analyse the dynamic performance of a power electronic converter for solar and windpower renewable energy sources and calculate the energy and cost savings againstconventional power sources, including consideration for development and installationcosts.LO3 Analyse the control techniques of power electronics for renewable energysystems.Task 3.01- Analyse the applications of power electronics in renewable energy applications. Alsodiscuss the impact of the fast advancement of power electronics and the rapidresponse in the use of these developments in the use of renewable energy inparticular solar and wind power.2- Determine the industrial applications of power electronic converters and why theseapplications were adopted. Also determine the fast response of the use of AC-AC, HNC/HND Engineering 5 AC-DC, DC-AC and DC-DC converters application by employing theseadvancements of these converters.3- Analyse the topologies of the AC-AC and DC-DC power electronic converters andtheir principles of operation. A comparison of efficiency should be included as well asthe suitability of the applications of these types of converters.4- Use Matlab / simulate or another suitable software to simulate a simple powerconverter for a typical renewable energy system. The converter can be an AC or DCConverter. Critically analyse the use of the power converter selected above for arenewable energy application of your choice employing either solar or wind power.5- Critically evaluate the dynamic performance of integrating renewable energy sourcesto the smart-grid network using a standard industrial based software, such asMatlab/Simulink software or another suitable software.LO4 Investigate the impacts of renewable resources to the grid and the various issuesassociated with integrating such resources to the grid.Task 4.01- Investigate the safe operation of smart power systems. Also discuss how advancementof power electronic has helped in adopting safer power systems internationally and howcountries benefited from using such transmission systems of power.2- Investigate the operation of standalone and grid connected renewable energy systems.Also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of such systems and how to enhanceand improve connected renewable energy systems.3- Discuss fully the features of a smart-grid network and the importance of powerelectronics in smart grid and energy storage. You need to discuss the different parts ofsmart grids and the use of the new advances in power electronics and the effect this hadon increasing the efficiency of smart grids and on the storage of energy.4- Determine how power electronic are used in smart-grid networks and evaluate the issuesassociated with integrating renewable energy sources to the grid and how to increasethe ability of energy storage using these developments.5- Analyse how power electronic converters are used in smart-grid networks. Discuss themain types of converters used in smart grids including both AC-DC and DC-DCconverters. Also discuss the new benefits obtained from using these new developments.Also evaluate the issues in relation to integrating renewable energy sources to smartgrids and the role the new developments in power electronics has played in mitigatingthese issues. HNC/HND Engineering 6 6- Using Matlab/ Simulink or any other suitable software, critically analyse the impact ofsolar and wind renewable energy sources and their integration into the grid and thebenefits and the advantages obtained when using these industrial softwares.Guidelines for assignment submissiona. Assignment has 4 tasks. Please read all tasks carefully.b. Final assignment must be submitted on time to be considered for a Distinction grade(Note that this is the college Assessment policy)c. PLAGIARISM is considered a serious offence and will automatically lead to a FAILGrade. In the event of similar/identical submissions, please note that both students willbe automatically fail the module. HNC/HND Engineering 7 Learning Outcomes and Assessment CriteriaLearning OutcomePassMeritDistinctionLO1 Evaluate the energydemand to determine thetechnology and methods ofenergy productionP1 Investigate currentenergy sources, demandand their impact on theenvironmentP2 Examine the benefitsand effectiveness ofrenewable energy sourcesP3 Explore renewableenergy technologies andtheir costsM1 Determine the use ofenergy sources to assesstheir global impact onenergy demandM2 Evaluate theeffectiveness anddrawbacks of renewableenergy systems for shortand long term energydemandsD1 Critically evaluate theperformance of arenewable energy systemand the technologies usedin energy efficiencyimprovementLO2 Explore currentenergy efficiencymeasures, technologiesand policies specific to thebuilding and transportationsectorsP4 Discuss current energyefficiency measuresP5 Determine the mainfactors that impact onenergy use and efficiencyin a buildingP6 Discuss thetechnologies that could beused to support moresustainable transportM3 Apply modelling ofenergy management in abuilding or electric vehicleusing Matlab/Simulink (orequivalent)M4 Evaluate the selectionof suitable technologies toimprove energy efficiencyin a building or electricvehicleD2 Analyse the dynamicperformance of a powerelectronic converter for agiven renewable energysource and calculate theenergy and cost savingsagainst conventionalpower sources, includingconsideration fordevelopment andinstallation costsLO3 Analyse the controltechniques of powerelectronics for renewableenergy systems.P7 Analyse theapplications of powerelectronics in renewableenergy applications.P8 Determine theindustrial application ofpower electronicconverters.P9 Analyse the powerelectronic convertertopologies and theirprinciples of operation.M5 Simulate a simplepower converter for atypical renewable energysystem using a standardsoftware package, such asMatlab/Simulink (orequivalent).M6 Critically analyse theuse of the powerconverter selected abovefor a renewable energyapplication.D3 Critically evaluate thedynamic performance ofintegrating renewableenergy sources to thesmart-grid network usinga standardindustrialbased software,such as Matlab/Simulinksoftware (or equivalent). HNC/HND Engineering 8 LO4 Investigate theimpacts of renewableresources to the grid andthe various issuesassociated with integratingsuch resources to the grid.P10 Investigate the safeoperation of a smartpower system.P11 Investigate theprinciple of operation ofstandalone and gridconnected renewableenergy systems.P12 Discuss the featuresof a smart-grid network.P13 Determine theimportance of powerelectronics in smart gridand energy storage.M7 Analyse how powerelectronic converters areused in smart-gridnetworks.M8 Evaluate the issuesassociated with integratingrenewable energy sourcesto the grid.D4 Critically analyse theimpact of renewableenergy sources and theirintegration into the gridusing a standardindustrial-based software,such as Matlab/Simulink(or equivalent).
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