Assessment Title: Analysing an Accounting Information System ASSIGNMENT DETAILS The Revenue Cycle of XYZ Limited. After finishing your Master of Professional Accounting, you started your accounting consultancy in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. You got a high distinction in Strategic Information System and preferred to analyse the business processes, risks and internal controls. XYZ is one of your clients, and the CEO of XYZ is delighted with your services.1 The head of the accounting department is concerned about their revenue cycle. Therefore, he has recently contacted you to evaluate their revenue cycle. During the initial meeting, you elaborate him that conceptually, the revenue cycle is a recurring set of business activities and related data processing operations associated with providing goods and services to customers and collecting their cash payments. This definition reveals that the revenue cycle can be categorised into (1) sales order processing procedures (SOPP), and (2) cash receipts procedures (CRP). The SOPP and CRP of XYZ are elaborated below. Therefore, you requested the head of the accounting department to describe the SOPP and the CRP of XYZ Limited separately. This description is given below. SOPP of XYZ Limited The sales department receives the unstandardised sales order since customer orders are mailed, e-mailed or faxed to the sales department. The sales clerk first converts the unstandardised sales order into the standardised sales order. For this purpose, the sales representative requests the missing information, if any. When the order is received, the sales clerk checks the customer’s creditworthiness of the customer from his computer terminal. Three years ago, the sales clerk requested the accounting department to provide him with a list of customers whose account receivables are written off. The sales clerk is still using this information to check the creditworthiness of the customers. The sales clerk is using the same procedure to check the creditworthiness of the new customers. The customer’s order is rejected if the customer’s credit is not verified. The sales order processing is started after the credit verification. In particular, the sales clerk records the approved standardised sales order in the sales order system through his computer terminal. A digital copy of the order is distributed to the warehouse and the shipping department terminals for further processing. The computer system automatically records the sale in the sales journal. The clerk reviews this entry and files the hard copy of the customer order in the sales department. XYZ is a wholesaler of rafting and camping equipment that serves outdoor sports camping retailers throughout the Queensland. As indicated above, the receipt of the digital sales order prompts on the computer terminal of the warehouse manager. Further, the stock release and the shipping notice are also accessible at the warehouse terminal. For further processing, the warehouse manager prints out the sales order, the stock release, and the shipping notice. Using the stock release copy, a warehouse clerk picks the selected items from the shelves and sends them to the shipping department along with the stock release and the shipping notice. The warehouse manager then updates the inventory subsidiary ledger and the general ledger control account from his computer terminal. The shipping clerk receives the physical stock, the stock release, and the shipping notice from the warehouse manager. The shipping clerk matches them to the corresponding digital sales order displayed on his terminal. If everything matches, he prints out three hard copies of the bill of lading and a packing slip. The shipping clerk sends two copies of the bill of lading and the packing slip, along with the goods, to the carrier. The stock release copy and the shipping notice are sent to the accounts receivable department. The third bill of lading copy is filed in the shipping department. Account receivable clerk receives the stock release and shipping notice from the shipping clerk. Then, the accounts receivable clerk manually creates a hard-copy invoice, which is immediately mailed to the customer. After mailing the invoice, the clerk uses information on the stock release to update the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger and general ledger from his computer terminal. After the records are updated, the clerk files the stock release and shipping notice in the accounts receivable department. Sometimes, the account receivable clerk reconciles the quantities from the sales order and adjusts the account receivables. CRP of XYZ Limited The payments of customers come directly to the general mailroom along with other mail items. The mail clerk performs the following tasks: Sorts the mail,Opens the customer payment envelope, Removes the customer’s check and remittance advice, andReconciles the two documents. To control the checks and remittance advices, the clerk manually prepares two hard copies of a remittance list. He sends one copy to the accounts receivable department, along with the corresponding remittance advices. The other copy of the remittance list accompanies the checks to the cash receipts department. Once the checks and remittance list arrive in the cash receipts department, the treasurer performs the following tasks: Reconciles the documents,Endorses the checks,Manually prepares three hard copies of a deposit slip, Updates the cash receipts journal and the general ledger from his computer terminal,Sends the checks and two copies of the deposit slip to the bank, andFiles the third copy of the deposit slip and the remittance in the department. The accounts receivable clerk receives the remittance list and remittance advice from the mailroom and reconciles these two documents. He then updates the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger and the general ledger. Then, account receivable files the two documents in the department. Required Based on the above information, prepare a report for the CEO of XYZ Limited to evaluate their revenue cycle. In your report, you need to include the following items: The CEO asks you to start the report from five general risks involved in the revenue cycle of any business. Further, indicate the physical and IT control against each risk. Describe potential internal control weaknesses in the sales order processing procedures and cash receipts procedures of XYZ Limited. Discuss the potential risks associated with the internal control weaknesses identified in Section (2) above. Based on Section (3) above, what types are frauds are possible. Hint: we have discussed different types of frauds in the interactive tutorial and lectures. Your discussion should be based on these contents. ASSIGNMENT STRUCTURE • Reference sources must be cited in the text of the report and listed appropriately at the end in a reference list using Harvard referencing style. • Include a minimum of ten (10) references, at least five (5) from peer-reviewed journal relevant to the unit. Word limit: 2000 words The report should include the following components. Executive Summary The executive summary should be concise and not involve too much detail. It should make commentary on the main points only and follow the sequence of the report. Write the executive summary after the report is completed, and once you have an overview of the whole text. Table of Contents This needs to show a logical listing of all the sub-headings of the report’s contents. Note this is excluded from the total word count. Introduction Typically, the introduction is a short paragraph which includes background, scope and the main points raised in the order of importance. There should be a brief conclusion statement at the end of the introduction. Main Body Paragraphs with Numbered Sub-headings This section contains the detailed information which elaborates on the main points raised in the introduction. Each paragraph should begin with an exact topic sentence, then supporting sentences with facts and evidence obtained from research and finish with a concluding sentence at the end. Conclusion This section contains a logical and coherent evaluation based on a thorough and objective assessment of the research performed. Appendices This section includes any additional explanatory information which is supplementary and/or graphical to help communicate the main ideas made in the report. Refer to the appendices in the main body paragraphs, as and where appropriate. (Note this is excluded from the total word count.) Note: The report should be grounded on relevant literature, and all references must be citedappropriately and included in the reference list. Marking Criteria Weighting in Marking criteria Total Grades The general risks involved in the revenue cycle, and the physical and 4% IT controls against each risk. The potential internal control weaknesses in the SOPP and CRP of XYZ 4% Limited. The potential risks associated with the internal control weaknesses in 4% the SOPP and CRP of XYZ Limited. The potential frauds in the SOPP and CRP of XYZ Limited.4%Presentation and Referencing.4%TOTAL Weight20% Marking RubricExcellentVery GoodGoodSatisfactoryUnsatisfactory(80-100%)(70-79%)(60-69%)(50-59%)(0-49%)The general risksPresent an excellentPresent a very goodPresent a goodPresent a reasonablePresent a weak orinvolved in thediscussion on thediscussion on thediscussion on thediscussion on theinadequate discussionrevenue cycle, and thegeneral risks involvedgeneral risks involvedgeneral risks involvedgeneral risks involvedon the general risksphysical and ITin the revenue cycle,in the revenue cycle,in the revenue cycle,in the revenue cycle,involved in thecontrols against eachand the physical andand the physical andand the physical andand the physical andrevenue cycle, and therisk. [4 Marks]IT controls againstIT controls againstIT controls againstIT controls againstphysical and ITeach risk.each risk.each risk.each risk.controls against eachrisk.The potential internalCorrectly identify allCorrectly identify mostCorrectly identifyCorrectly identify oneFail to identify thecontrol weaknesses inthe potential internalof the potentialsome of the potentialto two potentialpotential internalthe SOPP and CRP ofcontrol weaknesses ininternal controlinternal controlinternal controlcontrol weaknesses inXYZ Limited. [4the SOPP and CRP ofweaknesses in theweaknesses in theweaknesses in thethe SOPP and CRP ofMarks]XYZ Limited.SOPP and CRP of XYZSOPP and CRP of XYZSOPP and CRP of XYZXYZ Limited.Limited.Limited.Limited.The potential risksCorrectly identify allCorrectly identify mostCorrectly identifyCorrectly identify oneFail to identify theassociated with thethe potential risksof the potential riskssome of the potentialto two potential riskspotential risksinternal controlassociated with theassociated with therisks associated withassociated with theassociated with theweaknesses in theinternal controlinternal controlthe internal controlinternal controlinternal controlSOPP and CRP of XYZweaknesses in theweaknesses in theweaknesses in theweaknesses in theweaknesses in theLimited. [4 Marks]SOPP and CRP of XYZSOPP and CRP of XYZSOPP and CRP of XYZSOPP and CRP of XYZSOPP and CRP of XYZLimited.Limited.Limited.Limited.Limited.The frauds possible inCorrectly identify allCorrectly identify mostCorrectly identifyCorrectly identify oneFail to identify thethe SOPP and CRP ofthe frauds possible inof the frauds possiblesome of the fraudsto two frauds possiblefrauds possible in theXYZ Limited. [4the SOPP and CRP ofin the SOPP and CRPpossible in the SOPPin the SOPP and CRPSOPP and CRP of XYZMarks]XYZ Limited.of XYZ Limited.and CRP of XYZof XYZ Limited.Limited.Limited. Presentation andAn extensive amountA broad range ofAn adequate range ofAn adequate range ofLittle or no peer-Referencing. [4 Marks]of high-qualityquality peer-reviewedpeer-reviewed journalpeer-reviewed journalreviewed journalevidence from peer-journal references andreferences wasreferences wasreferences werereviewed journalother sources wasincluded and used toincluded and used to aincluded, and thesearticles and otherincluded and usedsupport discussion.basic extent to supportwere rarely used tosources was includedeffectively to supportdiscussion.support discussionand used effectively todiscussion.effectively.support discussion.
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