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1.Introduction 1.1 Background 1.2 Site Analysis 1.3 Project Vision and Objectives 1.4 Project Structure and Strategy 2. Legal & Procurement 2.1 Introduction A Public Private Partnership (PPP) is an infrastructure procurement method which connects both the public sector and private sector in order to make the best use of resources, maximise social and economic returns, ensure better value for money (Victoria State Government 2016). The PPP models have been used in Australia more than 20 years (Donnelly, Ng & Donaldson 2015) the National PPP Policy (Department 2015) also identifies projects with the value above AUD$50 million shall consider PPP as a potential procurement method. The project of Melbourne Airport Rail Link which first announced in 2018 that it is planning to connect the airport to the CBD of Melbourne within 30 minutes including 5 new train stations. This adds to current Metro infrastructure projects and is being procured as a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) as part of the AUD$10.9 Billion while the capital expenditure for the Airport Station is between AUD 1 to 1.5 Billion. There are several structures of PPP including DCM (Design-Construct-Maintain), DCMO (Design-Construct-Maintain-Operate), BOO (Build-Own-Operate) etc. The DBFO (Design-Build-Finance-Operate) model is chosen to be used in this PPP project, it is also the most commonly used PPP model in Australia with a long-term project period. The below figure XX is shown the typical DBFO structure in a PPP project. Figure XX Reproduced from: MOF 2012 (Typical DBFO model project structure) This section is to introduce the proposed PPP organisation structure with identifying each of the stakeholders and explaining their respective responsibilities in the proposed structure. The section is also addressing the issues regarding political and procurement aspects with analysing of risk management. 2.2 PPP organisation structure Below Figure XX shows the organisation structure diagram for the PPP project of Airport station. Rail Project Victoria (RPV) is the Victorian Government body responsible for the delivery and management of Melbourne Airport Rail Link as the public sector representative in the project. It is part of the Department of Transport’s Major Transport Infrastructure Authority who is a government department of the Government of Victoria, Australia. Herbert Smith Freehills is the legal advisor to the authority who is providing strategic advice including advice in policy development, project development, project finance and dispute resolution. They are knowledgeable and with rich experience in PPPs as they have advised on all major PPPs in Australia to date. The involvement of the legal advisor can be throughout every phase of a project life cycle. PAXON Group is the financial advisor who is responsible to provide main advice in financing; hedging costs and strategies; tax; accounting and Risk identification, mitigation and allocation while assisting to provide advice in costs and revenues forecasting, economic impact and cost/benefit analysis, contract drafting and negotiation. The Paxon Group having experience advised on over USD$12 billion of transactions in the past five years and have a comprehensive understanding of the context, issues and challenges with PPPs and possess extensive experience in advising on successful bids in transport infrastructure projects. MBM PL as the technical advisor to the authority who is providing quantity surveying services and mainly in charge of the budget controlling and cost management of the project including bid evaluation and negotiation, contract preparation, post contract administration and audit etc. to ensure the balance between cost, time and quality. The MBM PL have more than a decade’s experience advising governments and private consortia on PPP projects conceived in Australia which can be believed knowledgeable and capable to handle the PPP project of Melbourne Airport station. G1 Capital as the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) is responsible for the design, construction, finance and operation of the project. It is formed by private companies in order to provide the infrastructure service of the project. The G1 Capital plays a critical role in the project including proposing innovative design to meet the requirement of authority, in charge of the construction process, address financing needs to build asset and form finance agreement with debt/equity provider as well as the infrastructure operation after the service starts to deliver. Equity Investors A and B are the equity investors of the project who are holding equity at XX% of the project value respectively. They are also the joint owner of the SPV who have a strong industry background and good financial record in order to ensure the establishment of the G1 Capital. Debt Providers A, B, C and D is a group of debt providers formed by XXX Bank, XXX Bank, XXX Bank and XXX fund. They are selected after a fund competition by the G1 Capital to ensure their capability in providing an amount at XX% of the project value of debt in 27 years of project period as well as to secure a better rate of loan interest for the project. They also assist to provide advice to G1 capital in terms of financial and economic basis. Design Consultants A, B and C are the design consultants to the G1 Capital who are responsible for the architecture design, structure design and M&E design respectively. Each of the companies have extensive experience in designing mega projects and are well recognised in the industry who are capable to deliver design comply with project requirements and objectives. G1 Construction is the main constructor of the project who have formed a construction contract agreement with G1 Capital. The G1 Construction is responsible to construct the airport station within the given period without delay and complied with the designer’s detail, specification and requirements while providing all of the material, labor, equipment and services necessary. Ventia formed a facilities management agreement with G1 Capital. They are the facility operators of the station. Ventia is a global operation & maintenance contractor who has extensive experience with providing rail infrastructure service. Ventia have an especially similar project experience of the Melbourne Rail Link as they are also the operation and maintenance service provider of Sydney Airport Rail Line. FM company B (Jian Rong) is another facility operation company who is responsible for the commercial functions of the airport station including the management of retails and office building. To be continued after receiving more information from Jian Rong. 2.3 PPP in Australia Standards 2.3.1 PPP framework and guideline PPP is an infrastructure procurement method which is familiar in the practice of Australia for decades. The state government of Australia started to develop their own implementation of PPP since 2009 (Donnelly, Ng & Donaldson 2015). The National PPP Policy and Guidelines (Department 2015) set out the processes of investment, procurement, development and operation stages of PPP along with standard risk allocations and commercial principle to be adopted by the authorities. It acts as a general framework of PPPs throughout the whole of Australia, while the state governments have their own jurisdictional requirements and rules. Melbourne – the capital city of Victoria followed the PPP rules stated in the Partnerships Victoria Requirements (Victoria State Government, 2016). While the National PPP Policy and Guideline provide a framework and foundation of the PPPs, the Partnership Victoria Requirement provides an overarching guideline for developing contractual relationships between the State and private sector in the delivering of infrastructure. The Partnership Victoria Requirement applies to all PPP procurements in the State. The treasury department is also associated with PPPs in order to minimise the risk and better value for money. Hence, both of the National PPP Policy and Guidelines and the Partnership Victoria Requirements are applied to the project of Melbourne Airport Rail Link. The below figure XX shows the framework of PPP Victoria. Figure XX Reproduced from: Victoria State Government 2016 (Partnership Victoria Framework) G1 Capital is responsible for the PPP project and securing the desired outcomes and outputs. The G1 Capital as the SPV of the project will be required to obtain approval and authorise throughout the whole life cycle stages of the project. There are no legal restrictions on foreign entities engaging in PPPs processes in Australia, the freedom ensures those genius international companies can be selected and corporate with G1 Capital for the better performance expectation. 2.3.2 Risk Management The risk is defined as the effect of uncertainty on objectives by Rybnicek, Plakolm and Baumgartner (2020). The risk sharing is one of the main characteristics of the PPPs, and the risk management is especially significant and critical in PPPs compared with conventional methods of project. Since there are more stakeholders involved with long term contract periods. The Partnerships Victoria Requirement provides a consistent and efficient risk allocation framework template to be adapted by procuring agencies SPV while it is also flexible to accommodate project requirements. The Partnership Victoria Requirement is also required numbers actions should be taken by procuring agencies during pre-contract stage in order to mitigate the risk : ● Internal quality assurance preview PSC workshop to reduce risk in accuracy prior the request for proposal under Public Sector Comparator (PSC) Requirements. ● Procurement option analysis in accordance with the National PPP Guideline and Victprian investment lifecycle and high value risk guidelines ● Full risk adjustment, risk and dispute mitigation by PSC Besides, the Department of Treasury and Finance (DTF) is also responsible to consult and agree to the risk allocation during the procurement process and after contract close. With the well supervision and practice by the government, the risk is mitigated to a large extent. 3. Financial 4. Design architecture 5. Design engineering 6. Construction G1 Construction holds a General Building A1 Licence, which is the highest classification of contractor regulations issued by the BCA, allowing companies to bid for public sector construction projects with unlimited contract value. Its functions cover the real estate value chain, including real estate development, engineering, construction and special services such as basic work and procurement. G1 Construction strives for excellence on all fronts. Over the years, it has received many awards and recognitions, including United Kingdom-based The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents Award, Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Performance Award, Project Safety and Health Award, and the Building and Construction Bureau Recognition Award (BCA) Green Label Award, and won the BCA Best Architectural Design Award, BCA Green and Friendly Builder Award, and BCA Building Productivity Award. 7. Facility Operation 7.1 Introduction Facilities management (FM) is a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality, comfort, safety and efficiency of the built environment by integrating people, place, process and technology. It is part of the strategic thinking of the day-to-day activity to deliver operational objectives and to maintain a safe and efficient environment. Nutt (2004) reported that the primary approach of FM is to operate, maintain, improve and adapt the buildings and infrastructure of an organisation. As part of the Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV) to deliver Design, Build, Finance and Operate (DBFO) model for the Public-Private Partnership (PPP), the consortium has collaborated with Ventia and CCM Facilities to be the services providers for facilities management to manage Airport Rail Link services and commercial respectively, for the next 20 years after the completion of Melbourne Airport Express in 2029. Ventia, one of the largest essential services providers in Australia, was created in 2015 after the merging of Visionstream, Leighton Contractors Services division and Thiess Services. Ventia is also managed by affiliates of Apollo Global Management and the CIMIC Group. We are specialized in operations & maintenance and facilities management through deep technical expertise and technology-enabled solutions.Established in 2006, CCM Facilities has delivered an efficient, flexible and cost-effective facilities management services in Melbourne. CCM Facilities is a proud facilitator for development groups like Sarchi Developments, ProCorp Australia and OCV Management. CCM currently manages building within Melbourne’s CBD, as well as inner suburbs like North & West Melbourne and outer suburbs like Derrimut and Preston (CCM Facilities n.d). 7.2 Types of Services and Service Facilities Melbourne Airport Express will be providing services and facilities such as ticket sales, ticket machines, waiting area, information booth, kiosks and eateries, which are the essential items in a metro station. These are the places that will be crowded with people at most of the time. It is the FM’s responsibilities to provide the commuters a convenient and enjoyable experiences. This is especially so in current situation where the world is fighting against Covid-19. The team would like to share 2 concepts which hope to improve the situation, to be implemented for the Melbourne Airport Express – Mobile Apps System and Full Body Sanitizing System. Mobile Apps SystemFull Body Sanitizing System


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