2/4/2021 ScientificLaboratory ReportInstructionsIntroduction to Food ScienceNenad.NaumovskiUNIVERSITY OF CANBERRAThe laboratory report is based on Practical One from Week Two titled “Post-harvest Physiology ofFruit and Vegetables: Moisture Loss”. It is expected that the report will be written in the form of ascientific paper, with academic writing style, and using Vancouver referencing throughout the report.Word Limit: 1500±150 words (not including abstract, text within tables and figures, or references).Please follow the marking criteria as identified in the document Marking Scheme for Laboratoryreports. The laboratory report should be organised into the following sections:Abstract (200 words or under):The abstract should provide a brief introduction to the topic of interest, a clear statement of thespecific objective or aim of the study, a brief and concise outline of the methods used, and reportingof the key results. The abstract should also provide a one-sentence conclusion.Introduction:The introduction should provide brief background information to the report and clearly identify thesignificance of the project within the context of the previous literature in the area. It should beadequately referenced. The introduction should finish with one to two sentences stating the aims andobjectives of the study.Methods:The methods section is a concise summary of essential experimental procedures (verbatimreproduction of the instructions in manual is not allowed) and may include references. There is noneed to cite the laboratory instructions or lecture notes. It is important that any changes to thepublished procedures (of the laboratory notes) are briefly described. The purpose of this section is toprovide enough information and detail to allow a competent worker in the field to reproduce theexperiment. The methods should be written in paragraph form.Results:The results section may include all three forms of data representation (text, table and figure) [Note:this does not mean that you have to include all three types of data representation]. More detail isprovided below. The text before each data set should summarise the presented data and theobservations. The author’s interpretation of the data should always be described in the text, but theresults are not to be discussed at this stage. Figures and tables have to include title and number (Figure1, Table 1…). Figures should be accompanied by a figure legend (which includes the title of the figure)placed beneath the figure and clearly distinguishable from the main text of the results section. Tablesshould have a title placed above the table and tables should not be broken across pages.Make sure your results section addresses the following for each experiment:1. Collect the class results.2. Table: Present raw data in a tabulated form (Mean ± Standard Deviation).3. Figure: For each experiment, calculate the average moisture loss (%) for each fruit and vegetable,and plot in a graph against time (d) (e.g. one graph).For each experiment, the structure within your results should be:a. Describe the results in a short paragraph.b. Table.c. Figure.Discussion:The discussion should discuss the interpretation of the results, with emphasis on highlighting anyimportant findings and any inadequacies of the data. Referral to the literature to support thearguments is essential, as well as addressing of the aims presented in the introduction section. It isrecommended to discuss the most important limitations of the study before the conclusion. Completethe discussion with a final sentence (or two) presenting the overall conclusion of the experiment withreference to the original aims. The conclusion should not include references.Make sure your discussion section addresses the following:Experiment A: Discuss and explain the differences between different types of produce.Experiment B: Discuss the results and explain the effect of each treatment on moisture loss.Experiment C: Discuss your results on the effect of temperature and humidity.Were results expected or not, and why?What were some of the limitations of the experiment(s)?References:Please use Vancouver style only. There is no minimum or maximum recommended number ofreferences to be used, although it is reasonably expected that you would need to use at least sixreferences to support your work. Support any claims made within the text with references. Useacademic sources only. Do not use blog posts, newspaper articles or .com websites as references.Information about the Vancouver referencing style can be obtained following the link below;https://canberra.libguides.com/c.php?g=599301&p=4149536Acknowledgements:Acknowledgment goes to Professor Costas E. Stathopoulos and Mr Nathan D’Cunha for thedevelopment of this instructionsExample of a Laboratory Report:The example of the laboratory report that has received a very high mark is provided below. The authorof the report has agreed to provide this information for studying purposes.
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