Research Methods in Practice | My Assignment Tutor

1Department of Psychological SciencesResearch Methods in PracticeSCPS169H4 AAAAbbreviated Report WritingSections of a full-length Lab Report (2,500 words):Title – focused and concise description of study [8-10 words, not included in word count]Abstract – whole report in a nutshell [200-250 words]Introduction – why you did this study [800-850 words]Method – how you did it [250-300 words] 4 subsections:• Design• Participants• Materials/Apparatus• ProcedureResults – what you found plus tables/graphs [250-300 words]Discussion – what you think it means [800-850 words]References – alphabetical list of articles and book chapters [Not included in word count]Appendix – important information that will take up too much of the word count in thebody of the text, and raw data (e.g. data tables, instructions to participants) [Not includedin word count]Sections of an Abbreviated Lab Report (1,500 words):Title – focused and concise description of study [8-10 words, not included in word count]Abstract – whole report in a nutshell [200-250 words]Introduction – why you did this study [600-650 words]Discussion – what you think it means [600-650 words]References – alphabetical list of articles and book chapters [Not included in word count]NB To avoid high similarity rates (from everyone submitting the same Method and Resultssections) students should NOT include the Method and Results sections they were given2Title• Every report should have a title (written by you)• It should be a true representation of the study (and it should not include yourname or the words: Lab/laboratory report)• Should be fairly short but informative (8-10 words)• Should include main variables of interest (i.e. IV and DV/outcome)• Style and formatting:o Title page – first page of the report (example below)▪ Size: 12▪ Font: Serif type face e.g. Times New Roman▪ Line spacing: 1.5Effects of type face on readability of laboratory reportsResearch Methods in Psychology (Introduction)Course Code:Student NameStudent NumberDate of Submission:AbstractShould be a structure summary of the whole report with a:• Brief summary of each section• Summary of each section in the same order as in the report• Outline of only the most important elements• Should have a beginning, a middle and an endo Beginning: Focused background and the research question/aimo Middle: What you did exactly, but briefly and succinctly to address yourresearch questiono End: What you found – key finding – and implications of these findingsIntroductionShould ‘set the scene’:• Introduce each area of interest in a clear and considered way• Clearly define relevant terms/conceptsShould clearly present the theoretical and empirical background:• Focus on areas that are relevant to the main aim of the study3Should clearly introduce the key question/aims of the study:• Explain how this question/these aims will be addressed in your study• Provide a convincing argument for the rationale (reason) for conducting theexperiment• Highlight the contribution of your study (what will it mean for the real world)Should end with hypothesis(es):• Clearly described and linked to what you have just been discussing (i.e. don’t makea big leap from the aim to the prediction)• Hypotheses must relate to the research question and outlined empirical evidenceDiscussion• You have the data analysis, so you are now in a position to interpret theimplication of that analysis especially with respect to the hypothesis• Remember: The ‘Discussion’ is intended to be an explanation of your findings inthe light of the theoretical background (or ‘story’ that you told) in the‘Introduction’• Start with a concise summary of your MAIN findings (in a few sentences)• Concentrate on whether or not the results support your original hypothesis• Write in the past tense• Do not describe all of your findings in great detail (that is for the ‘Results’)• Do NOT include ANY numbers here• Your description should be followed by interpretation and discussion of the results(did you support or reject the hypothesis? How?)• Each key finding should be discussed with relation to previous studies that weredescribed in the Introduction• Its ESSENTIAL to relate your results to the theories and models that werementioned in the Introduction• Focus on what the results MEAN and any implications that they might have to theoutside world• Important to not introduce any NEW articles or theories at this stage• If your results show something that you did not expect, you can explain this interms of other research that might have found something similar – if you have todo this, make sure to go back and include this research in the Introduction sectionReferences• ‘References’ section (NOT ‘Bibliography’)• Should begin on a new page• Should appear in alphabetical order (NOT numbered)• Reverse indentation for each reference• Do NOT have a separate section for books• Everything referenced in your text should be listed here• Try and be consistent with the references following APA style (example below)4Starting your research• Start with a SKETCH/OUTLINE/SKELETON of how you want to approach thewhole report (and each individual section)• Start by being clear on the aim (or question) of the research• Then do your research – read around the topic• Pay special attention to the important points (e.g. key definitions, theories, andprevious research findings)• Take careful notes on the information you find in your literature searchStarting your Introduction• Use your notes to select several journal articles to use as a basis for your researchquestion and your hypothesis(es)• Use your notes to determine the rationale for the study• Develop your ‘References’ list at the same time (much more difficult to do later)• It can become difficult to remember where you got an idea from and so to avoidplagiarism, make a record of it (then try to express this information in your ownwords)• If you want to quote directly from the author, then this quote should be kept asshort as possible (i.e. one sentence or less) citing the name of the author(s) alongwith the date and page number where the quote can be found e.g. ‘Smith (2010,p.18) found that…’ or ‘It was found that… (Smith, 2010, p.18).’• When you are making notes, they should include the article title, author names,journal name and date, and a summary of what the article was about


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