BUSI1628 Managing Organisations | My Assignment Tutor

BUSI1628Managing Organisationsand IndividualsAssignment Guidelines: Essay 2Assessment 2: EssayChoose ONE essay question:1. Earlier approaches to organisation and management believed in one best formof structure and tended to concentrate on limited aspects of the organisation.Review critically the changing nature of the work environment, and therelevance and applications of more recent approaches to organisation,structure and management.2. The speed at which organisations are undergoing change places continuouspressure on individuals at work. With reference to appropriate theories,explain what factors you would take into account in attempting to successfullymotivate individuals to support organisational change.3. Consider the motivation theories discussed in this module (Maslow’s hierarchyof needs, Alderfer ERG theory, Herzberg two-factor theory, goal theory, equitytheory, and expectancy theory). Which theory do you think is most relevant inwork organisations today? Why? In your response, please discuss at least threemotivation theories, their applicability in modern organisations, and identifywhat you perceive to be the major strengths and limitations of each theory.Support your answer with appropriate examples.Answer guideline – Question 1Earlier approaches to organisation and management believed in one best form ofstructure and tended to concentrate on limited aspects of the organisation. Reviewcritically the changing nature of the work environment, and the relevance andapplications of more recent approaches to organisation, structure andmanagement.Answer guide:• Demonstrate an understanding of the main approaches to organisation, structureand management (i.e., Classical approach, Human Relations, Systems andContingency approaches to management).• Examine at least two approaches to management and provide empirical evidencefrom academic journal articles to support your analysis of contrasting approachesmanagement and the relative impact on organizational performance.• Demonstrate an understanding of the main forces that influence the choice ofmanagement (size, purpose, etc.).• Present a reasoned conclusion, with clear links to theory.The speed at which organisations are undergoing change places continuouspressure on individuals at work. With reference to appropriate theories, explainwhat factors you would take into account in attempting to successfully motivateindividuals to support organisational change.Answer guide:• Demonstrate an understanding of the nature and forces of organisationalchange.• Explore the nature of and reasons for resistance to change.• Provide empirical evidence from academic journal articles to support youranalysis of the management of change in organisations (e.g., Lewin’sprogramme of change management, continuous organizational change,minimizing problems of change, etc.).• Present a reasoned conclusion, with clear links to theory on change.Answer guideline – Question 2Consider the motivation theories discussed in this module (Maslow’s hierarchy of needs,Alderfer ERG theory, Herzberg two-factor theory, goal theory, equity theory, and expectancytheory). Which theory do you think is most relevant in work organisations today? Why? Inyour response, please discuss at least three motivation theories, their applicability in modernorganisations, and identify what you perceive to be the major strengths and limitations ofeach theory. Support your answer with appropriate examples.Answer guide:• Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of motivation.• Show an awareness of at least three of the major theories of motivation covered on thecourse (choose from a range of content and process theories of motivation).• For the main body of your essay, you can focus on evaluating two theories of motivation toin terms of their relevance to work motivation in modern organisations.• Provide real organisational examples and empirical evidence from academic journal articlesto support your evaluation of work motivation in modern organisations.• Present a reasoned conclusion, with clear links to theory.Answer guideline – Question 3A successfully written essay will be consistentwith the following guidelines:✓Be appropriately structured, written, presented and referenced (usingthe Harvard style, see http://www.gre.ac.uk/studyskills/referencing);✓Feature an appropriate people management issue with sufficientcurrency, substance and relevance to this module and its learningoutcomes (properly justified) to merit analysis and debate;✓Feature and make substantial reference to empirical research and arange of theories and concepts;✓Engage in a critical debate which evidences deep insight into ancontextual awareness of the topic in hand;✓Word limit: 2,500 (excluding reference list).Essential parts of the essay:• Introduction• Main body• Conclusion• Reference list – should include at least 5 academic sources.• Appendix• Word count (please count only the words in “the essay text itself”; donot include the cover sheet, reference list and appendix in this wordcount)More on the “Introduction”• The purpose of the introduction is to catch the interest of yourreaders and provide an overview to the topic of the essay. Anintroduction must include the following:• A brief but clear summary of the issue that will be evaluated in theessay.• Provide an overview of your main arguments.• Briefly outline the structure of the essay.More on the “Main body”• In the main body of your essay, you draw on relevant academic literature toprovide an informed, critical commentary on the issue raised and discussits implications for people in the workplace. The main body of the textmust include the following:• An overview of key theories, concepts and debates that relate to thespecific issue that you selected.• A discussion of the context of the issue, e.g., the causes and/orconsequences of the issue, links to other issues or themes covered in thecourse, etc.• A discussion of the implications of the issue for people in the workplace,e.g. HR managers, managers, and/or employees.• A discussion of the solutions to the issue, supported by evidence fromresearch.More on the “Conclusion”• In this section, you summarize your key arguments, and discuss theimplications that can be derived from this discussion. This sectionincludes the following:• A brief (!) summary of your argument and conclusions• Your reflections about the issue and its implications for management.Assignment 2 – Essay – Marking Criteria Rubric CriteriaFail (0-39)Satisfactory (40-49)Good (50-59)Very Good (60-69)Excellent (70-79)Outstanding (80-100)FocusDoes the essay set up a clearquestion to address? Does theessay stay within and fulfil thetopic parameters? (20 marks)No clear focus; vague andambiguous answers; failsto answer the setquestion.Limited focus; fulfils somebasic areas of the essayquestion.Fairly clear focus; the essaymaintains a good level offocus on addressing theissue or a set of issues.Demonstrates a clear focus;the essay maintains a verygood focus on addressingthe issue or a set of issues.Excellent focus throughout;the essay maintains a clearfocus to address all theissues set out in the essayquestion.Outstanding focusthroughout; sets clearparameters for evaluatingthe topic/issues; maintainsa clear focus throughoutthe essay.SynthesisDoes the essay bring togetherthe literature in a significantmanner that addresses theessay question? (30 marks)No application of theory.Limited application ofrelevant theory and sourcesof evidence.A reasonable attempt atapplying relevant theoriesand sources of evidence toaddress the essay question.Applies a good range oftheories and sources ofevidence to address theessay question.There is evidence of widerreading; carefully selectedtheories and sources ofevidence used to addressthe essay question.There is evidence ofextensive research withvery carefully selectedtheories and sources ofevidence used to addressthe essay question.SoundnessDoes the essay indicate acomprehensive understandingof the topic area and literaturediscussed? (30 marks)No understandingdemonstrated, quotingfrom text without anyinterpretation.Limited understandingdemonstrated; basicinterpretation of theories;no critical analysis.Demonstrates a generalunderstanding of theoriesbut limited critical analysisprovided.Demonstrates a soundunderstanding of theorieswith a very good attempt atcritical analysis andindependent thinking.A very sound understandingshown; accurateinterpretation of theoriesand empirical evidence;excellent critical analysisprovided.Demonstrates acomprehensiveunderstanding of theoriesand empirical evidence;outstanding critical analysisprovided.Clarity of structureIs the essay well organised andlogically constructed toachieve synthesis while beingmindful of the needs of thereader? (10 marks)Poorly structured. Noevidence of logicaldevelopment ofarguments.Adequately structured.Little evidence of logicaldevelopment of arguments.Presented in a goodstructure. Some evidence oflogical development ofarguments.A clear structure andevidence of logicaldevelopment of arguments.A well structured essay withhighly logical developmentof arguments.Structured to anexceptional standard with ahighly logical developmentof arguments.Mechanical SoundnessIs the essay clearly written,spell checked andgrammatically sound andreferenced appropriately? (10marks)No evidence of proofreading, informallanguage and spelling andgrammar errors. Poorly ornot referenced – Harvardsystem for in text and endof text references.Some evidence of proofreading, occasional informallanguage, some spelling andgrammar errors. Notreferenced properly – butat least 5 sourcesreferenced using theHarvard system.Evidence of proof reading,occasional informallanguage, minor spellingerrors. At least 5 sourcesreferenced using theHarvard system for in textand end of text referenceswith some mistakes.Formal language used,minor typos or spelling andgrammar errors. At least 5sources referenced usingthe Harvard system for intext and end of textreferences with minormistakes.Formal language used, nospelling or grammarmistakes. At least 5 sourcesreferenced using theHarvard system for in textand end of text references.Outstanding academiclanguage used, no spellingor grammar mistakes. Atleast 5 sources referencedusing the Harvard systemfor in text and end of textreferences with nomistakes. Note on plagiarism• Please be aware that the University of Greenwich operates a verystrict policy on plagiarism and any student who breaches academicregulations will be subject to the strongest disciplinary sanction.Regulations relating to plagiarism can be found at the following link:http://www.gre.ac.uk/students/regs/plagiarism• Harvard style referencing, please seehttp://www.gre.ac.uk/studyskills/referencing

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