Intro to Sustainability and Ethics | My Assignment Tutor

www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATE6HX503Civil Engineering ConstructionManagementLecture 9Assignment Revision2Intro to Sustainabilityand Ethicswww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATETODAYS AGENDA1. Update on Session 8A2. Tutorial 8B – some feedback3. Final Thoughts on Assignment4.Sustainability5.Climate Change6. The Examwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATESession 8A Project Management• Scope• Time Cost and Quality• Stakeholders• Commercial Arrangements• Planning Systems and Procedures• Resource Planning• Monitoringwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEConsiderate Constructor’s Code consistsof the following eight sections:Considerate,Environment,Appearance,Good Neighbour,Respectful,Safety,ResponsibleAccountable.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEPersonal Activity Tutorial 8B• Take a project (any project). Provide an outline of all ofthe project stages from design to practical completion.• Determine what and how legislation/regulations impacton each stage.• Provide a brief outline on how we manage theimplications of the legislation/regulation on the project.What systems/processes do we put in place.• What aspects of Considerate Constructors could help?www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEManagement Portfolio• Roads• Railways• Airports• Flood Defences• Water & Waste• Services• Local Authorities• Utilities• Environment• Factories• Business• Retail• Leisure• Community FacilitiesSAFETYQUALITYFINANCIALTECHNICALCOMMERCIALHUMAN RESOURCESwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATE6HX503 Civil Engineering ConstructionManagementAssignment Title: Management Portfolio(3000-4000 words – 15-20 pages)Tips:•Working System to justify processes•Link to context as much as possible•Include all parts•Recommendations•Include examples; It is not necessary to submit a full document; a screen shot ofthe title page will suffice.•The report should be well written and presented. The projects used as casestudies should be clearly stated. The use of charts, tables and other illustrationsto simplify and facilitate understanding of processes are strongly recommended.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEYour PortfolioEACH SECTION• 1/2 pages– Essential Systems– Standard Company Systems– Quality Enhancement Areas– Target setting• Examples from actual industry systems (2-3)ENDComments on improvement areas as a conclusion tothe portfoliowww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEManagement Systems Planning Procedures• Budgets• Bar Charts Resource Schedules• Method Statements Risk assessments• Sub Contracts• Contingencyo 24 hour Day Night workingo WeatherTechnical Procedures• Surveying• Design• Setting Out• Quality Assurance• Specifications• Audit & CheckSite Set Up – Procedures• Stakeholders• Security & Control• Planning of access• Induction ArrangementsSite Procedures• Delivery Machines• Excavating Machinery• Lifting Use of Cranes• Movement of PlantSafety Procedures General• Briefing• PPE• Safety monitoring• Safety initiatives• Working at heighto Ladderso Scaffolding www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEIntro Advantages of QMS• Create a more efficient, effective operation• Increase customer satisfaction and retention• Reduce audits• Enhance marketing• Improve employee motivation, awareness, andmorale• Promote international trade• Increases profit• Reduce waste and increases productivity.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEWhat are the benefits of an ISO 9001: 2015Quality Management System?• Shows that you provide products and services of consistentquality;• Shows that you provide products and services that:– meet the customer’s requirements,– comply with the law and legislation,– meet the organisation’s own requirements;• Can help you streamline your business processes andcontinuously improve them.• There are two additional benefits:• ISO 9001 helps you increase customer satisfaction;• ISO 9001 is positive for your image: you show that you comply withinternationally recognised quality standards. This is often arequirement for customers and suppliers to do business with you.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEKey LegislationThe Health and Safety at Work Act 1974• The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations(CDM) 2015• The Work at Height Regulations 2005• The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005• The Management of Health and Safety at Work and PPERegulations 1999• The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations(CoSHH) 1999• The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER)1998• The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) 1998• The Confined Spaces Regulation 1997• The Reporting of Injuries Diseases and Dangerous OccurrencesRegulations (RIDDOR) 2013• The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATELINKS WITH OTHER STANDARDSwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATETechnical / Quality• Procedures to comply with standards BS, DMRB• Company Procedures relating to:– Quality Management eg. Recording, NCR– Maintenance Inspection Servicing– Project Organisations• Project Planning• Operational Manuals• Stakeholders• Progress Management– Meetings– Briefingswww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEStakeholders• Public at large• Utilities• Emergency Services• Agencies• Government Central & Local (& very local!)• Businesses National & Local• Pressure Groups• Professional Bodies & Associations• Voluntary Groups Clubs and Associations• Unionswww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEPlanning Tools• Simple– Estimating time accurately Scheduling simple projects• Planning for small and medium sized projects– Gantt Charts Critical Path Analysis & PERT• Advanced Planning– Effective planning for middle-sized projects – ThePlanning Cycle– Planning Large Projects – Using Planning andManagement Methodologies– PRINCE2• Winning support for projects– Stakeholder Analysis and Stakeholder Managementwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEFinance and Commercial• Commercial• Contracts• Planning• Valuations• Budgets• Forecasts• Cost Control• Cost-ValueReconciliationwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATETHE MATURE CONTRACTS!• Early Contractor Involvement• Emerging Cost Contact– Crossrail – Farringdon– Cost Reimbursement– NO Overall Target Cost– Every Programme Item target costedincentives for savings and no overruns– Rapid set-up with Options to vary scopewww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATECOSTING ELEMENTS• Costs in Period & Costs to Date– Labour– Materials– Plant– Sub Contractors– Other Charges £££www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEHR Essentials – Employment Law• Employment Rights Act 1996• Employment Act 2002– Maternity Paternity Adoption– Dispute Resolution– Equal Pay– Discipline and Grievance• Equality Act 2010– Race, Sex, Disability, Agewww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe Key Elements OfHuman Resources Management• Resourcing – Organisational Designand Grading Structures• Terms and Conditions• Recruitment Induction• Training and Development• Performance Management &Discipline• Annual Leave & SicknessMonitoring• Rewards• Pensions Services• Counselling• Restructuring & Redundancywww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEGood Practice• Job Descriptions• Safety Responsibility Statements• Performance Reviews• Communications• Development Plans• Monitoring KPI’s– Turnover– Vacancy gapwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEYour PortfolioEACH SECTION• 1/2 pages– Essential Systems– Standard Company Systems– Best Practice• Quality Enhancement Areas• Target setting• Examples from actual industry systems (2-3)ENDComments on improvement areas as a conclusion to theportfoliowww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEWhat is the link between Ethics andSafety?Rail AccidentInvestigation BranchOffice of Road and RailBritish TransportPoliceall launch investigationsafter rail worker is killedby train on 6th November2019www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATE• 37-year-old man was contracted to carry out protectionduties by placing red lamps and detonators on two tracks• He was walking south along the slow line when he was hit• The train, which had crossed over from the down fast lineto the down slow line at Stoats Nest junction, wastravelling at around 70mph.RAIB will also look into the arrangements in place to protectthe worker on his duties, the risk associated with the protection ofengineering work on the line, and the management factorsLast month two track workers were almost hit by a train whilstworking on bridge near Dundee. there was a mix-up between a number of people notrealising that the location of the work and the location of the protection of the work weredifferent.Fatality London – Brighton Linewww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATESustainability, Security and Ethics• Sustainability– Design– Construction and On Site– Operation– Carbon footprint• Security– Definition and Context– Engineering Council• Ethics– Diversity and Equality– ICE code of conduct– Ethical constructionwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATESustainability Video• https://youtu.be/_5r4loXPyx8www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATE Sustainable Development:Development that meets the needs ofthe present without compromising theability of future generations to meettheir own needs.The Brundtland Commission ( 1987)Sustainable Design:Creating buildings whichare energy efficient,healthy, comfortable,flexible in use anddesigned for long life.Sustainable Materials: materials and constructionproducts which are healthy, durable, resourceefficient and manufactured with regard tominimising environmental impact and maximisingrecycling. Edwards, 2004. Foster and PartnersSustainable Construction: The creationand management of healthy buildingsbased upon resource efficient andecological principles.The Building Services Research andInformation Association (BSRIA) www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe Challengewww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe Engineer’s Perspectivewww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe Business Perspective– Elkington’s Triple Bottom LineENVIRONMENTALSOCIAL ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITYPlanetPeopleProfitwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEDEFINITION OF ‘TRIPLE BOTTOMLINEA phrase coined in 1994 by John Elkington and later used in his 1997 book“Cannibals With Forks: The Triple Bottom Line Of 21st Century Business”Describes the separate financial, social and environmental “bottom lines” ofcompanies.A triple bottom line measures the company’s economic value, “peopleaccount” – which measures the company’s degree of social responsibilityThe company’s “planet account” – which measures the company’senvironmental responsibility.Elkington argued that companies should prepare three bottom lines –the triple bottom line – instead of focusing solely on its finances,thereby giving consideration to the company’s social, economic andenvironmental impact.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe Global Case• For “sustainability” read “survivability”• 1988 Intergovernmental Panel Climate Change– Human made greenhouse gases– Response to climate change• 1992 Earth Summit Rio de Janeiro– Prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference byreducing emissions to 1990 levels by 2000• 2005 Kyoto Treaty ratified– Scientists believe we need a 90% reduction to stabiliseclimate change by 2100 to keep>450 ppm carbon levels– Currently 380 ppm and rising 2-3 ppm per year• Stern Review 2006• Code for Sustainable Homes 2006• 1988 Intergovernmental Panel Climate Change• 1992 Earth Summit Rio de JaneiroPrevent dangerous anthropogenicinterference by reducing emissions to1990 levels by 2000• 2005 Kyoto Treaty ratifiedScientists believe we need a 90% reduction to stabiliseclimate change by 2100 to keep>450 ppm carbonlevelsCurrently 380 ppm and rising 2-3 ppm per year• 2006 Stern Review• 2006 Code for Sustainable Homes• 2015 Paris Summit 2017 Bonn Summit• 2019 Madrid SummitThe Global Case for “sustainability” read “survivability”www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEPARIS AGREEMENT 2015In December 2015 the UK, under the UN negotiations and alongside over 190 othercountries, drafted the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change. It will enter into force bythe end of 2016 having been ratified by the US, China, India, Brazil, the EU and others.• The Agreement describes a higher level of global ambition than the one thatformed the basis of the UK’s existing emissions reduction targets:• The UK’s current long-term target is a reduction in greenhouse gasemissions of at least 80%by the year 2050, relative to 1990 levels. This 2050target was derived as a contribution to a global emissions path aimed atkeeping global average temperature to around 2°C above pre-industriallevels.• The Paris Agreement aims to limit warming to well below 2°C and to pursueefforts to limit itto 1.5°C. To achieve this aim, the Agreement additionallysets a target for net zero global emissions in the second half of this century.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEMadrid COP 2019Conference of the Parties on ClimateChange• https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/world-50623596/200-countries-meet-in-madrid-forclimate-change-discussionswww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEFossil fuels should be phased out by2100 says IPCCMatt McGrath Environment correspondent, BBC News 2 November 2014http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-29855884www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATENEW CHALLENGES FORGRADUATES• Covid-19• Climate Change• Decarbonisationwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEGOODBYE TO THIS!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEWELCOME TO LIVERPOOL STREET 2019www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEWELCOME TO LIVERPOOL STREET 2020www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEIN 2019 THESE STATIONSWERE BUSIER THANAIRPORTS BUT IN 2021?www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEUK Investment in Rail 2020 onwards –where will we be post Covid-19?• People will come back to trains asroads continue to become congested• Will travelling patterns for commuterschange in the medium term?• Construction continues withenhancements boosted and not cutback to preserve jobs• Climate change + decarbonisationagenda will not go awayNew £15m KintoreStation opened 5days ago 28trains/daywww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEA slight problem of flooding from adjacentproperties!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEAugust 2020 Stonehaven Scotland• A washout of earthwork material occurred following asevere storm with a large amount of rain.• A train travelling at 75 mph rounded a left hand bend hit thematerial on the track, derailed and hit a bridge parapetbefore carriages descended a hill and caught fire.• 3 people were fatally injuredwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEOctober 2020 Repairs well under waywww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATENot Common but Not Unusual51 03/12/2020www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEFlash floods in Waleswww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEA little nearer to home!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATECan trains run here?www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEA slight problem with deep water!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEA slight problem of storms!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEA slight problem of the sea!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEIs this really our fault!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEEnvironmentaleffects – Treefallwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEDecarbonisation Challengeswww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATETHE CHALLENGES• Major expansion ofelectrification• Track layouts• Structural Clearances• Power Supplies• Phasing out of Dieselwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEChina And U.S., Move To Cut GasesNovember 12, 2014“The United States intends to achieve an economy-wide target ofreducing its emissions by 26 percent – 28 percent below its 2005 level in2025 and to make best efforts to reduce its emissions by 28 percent.“China intends to achieve the peaking of CO2 emissions around 2030and to make best efforts to peak early and intends to increase the shareof non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20 percentby 2030.”www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe Four Principles ofKyriakides(2006)1. Benign energy first2. Conserve energy3. Polluter must pay4. No unnecessaryuse of energyRobert Kyriakides: Environmentalistand solicitor. Author of “The EnergyAge”www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATE7 MAJOR THEMES INSUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT1. LEAN THINKING; LESS WASTE2. MANAGING NATURAL RESOURCES3. MINIMISING ENERGY IN CONSTRUCTIONAND USE4. PRESERVING NATURAL FEATURESAND BIO – DIVERSITY5. PROTECTING AGAINST POLLUTION6. RESPECT FOR PEOPLE7. SETTING TARGETSwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATESustainable Construction• Energy use on site– Reduce– Use green energy• Renewable materials• Recycling and reuse of materials• Minimum construction waste going to landfill• Computer controlled deliveries to eliminate waste• Cement replacement PFA• Transport and manufacture of materials– “the carbon cost”• Local labour• Prefabrication• Insulation – pressure testing• Intelligent Buildingswww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe Regulations• Building Act 1984 – Building Regulations• Approved documents 2006– L ; Conservation of fuel and power– F ; Ventilation performance based• Natural Environment & Rural Communities Act 2006• Climate Change & Sustainability Act 2006– Annual report on greenhouse gas emissions– National targets for micro-generation– Community energy renewable sources• Management of Energy in Buildings Act 2007• Sustainable communities Act 2007• Climate change Act 2008 – Annual targetswww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEA President you may knowThe Energy 202:Young people want todo something aboutclimate change. Bidenmay have an answer.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEA slight problem of heat!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEScotlandlast winter!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEEven Clapham Junction!www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATESummer temperatures in 2019– the new normal?03/12/2020www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEAre extremes more frequent?73 03/12/2020www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe Climate Change Act 2008• The Act makes it the duty of the Secretary of State toensure that the net UK carbon account for all six Kyotogreenhouse gases for the year 2050 is at least 80%lower than the 1990 baseline, toward avoidingdangerous climate change.• The Act aims to enable the United Kingdom to becomea low-carbon economy and gives ministers powers tointroduce the measures necessary to achieve a rangeof greenhouse gas reduction targets.• An independent Committee on Climate Change hasbeen created under the Act to provide advice to UKGovernment on these targets and related policies.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe rise in renewableenergy in the UK hashelped reduceemissionswww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATE• The Climate Change Act committed the UK government by law toreducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80% of 1990levels by 2050.• This includes reducing emissions from the devolvedadministrations (Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), whichcurrently account for about 20% of the UK’s emissions.• A decade on, the Act has achieved a lot with a 43% fall inemissions since 1990 levels.• Much of this progress has come from new ways to generateelectricity. Coal-fired power plants are being closed as moreelectricity is produced without burning fossil fuels.• Last year, for the first time, the majority of the UK’s electricitycame from renewable or low-carbon sources.• And over the last decade, the UK’s economy has continued togrow proving that a move to renewable sources would not harmeconomic growth.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEThe Met Office issued a stark warning• Summer temperatures could soar to 5.4C higher than current levels by 2070,while winters could be up to 4.2C warmer if fossil fuel pollution continues.• Rainfall could fall by almost half (47%) in summer by 2070, while rain could be upby more than a third (35%) in winter.• Sea levels affecting London, where the Thames Barrier is expected to be in useto protect the city until 2070, could rise by up to 1.15 metres by 2100 if climatewarming emissions continue to climb.• Cardiff is expected to have similar sea level rises as London, while in Edinburghseas could rise by as much 49cm with low emissions and up to 90cm with highemissions.• In Belfast, seas could be as much as 52cm higher with low emissions and up to94cm by the end of the century with high levels of climate pollution.• Climate change has also been a contributing factor to losing, on average, 60% ofwildlife populations since 1970. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) believes“if we carry on as we are now, then one in six species is at risk of extinctionaround the world as a result of climate change.”www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEWhat needs to be done?The Committee on Climate Change, a body set up as partof the Act, has said emissions from the UK’s transportsystem, buildings and industry are not falling fastenough.In addition, emissions fromthe waste we produce needto be limited and action takenon protecting homes fromextreme heat and flooding.ITV Reportwww.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATEEXAMINATION 50%• An on-line examination with 3 groups of questions on the followingareas. The questions will be based on theory but must besupported by relevant real-life examples.• Quality – History of Quality, Gurus, development of standards,ISO9001 – the aims and sections of a QMS. ContinuousImprovement, six sigma, TQM, Quality Auditing & Levels ofchecks, Non-conformances.• Safety – Legal requirements; HASAW Act 1974, other acts andregulations, CDM 2015, causation theory, culture, improvementsystems, loss control• Sustainability and Ethics – Sustainable Construction andOperation in design, and on site, Carbon footprint, Diversity,Equality, ICE code of conduct, Security, ethical construction.www.derby.ac.ukUNDERGRADUATELearning Outcomes1. Apply the principles of total quality management within the conceptof the latest health and safety and sustainability legislation.Understanding of the requirement for engineering activities tomaintain a high level of professional and ethical conduct in civilengineering.2. Investigate and apply innovations in construction techniques andprocess improvements including new technologies, IT, materials,systems and machinery

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