Natural and Built Environment 6HX503 | My Assignment Tutor of Science and EngineeringNatural and Built Environment6HX503CIVIL ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENT SAFETY 1Session 2BTutorialDr Brian CounterTODAY’S Previous Lecture• How did we do on Session 1B?– What is a system?– H&S Risks• What are your news?• What is Health and Safety Law?• Why did CDM come into force in 1994?• Why does Safety Matter?• Safety 2B• Why Safety Management?• Safety Climate• Safety Culture• Safety Aspects of:• Coursework Assignment due in 11th Dec• Examination in January 2021• Exercise Safety CultureMANAGEMENT“The effective use of resources inthe pursuit of organisational goals”Safety Management SystemsRef: HSE 1997: HSG65 Successful Health and Safety ManagementSafety Management SystemsHSG 65Successful Health andSafety ManagementRef: HSE 1997: HSG65 Successful Health and Safety ManagementBS 18004 2008Guide to achieving effectiveoccupational health andsafety performanceSafety Management SystemsBS 18004 2008Guide to achievingeffective occupationalhealth and safetyperformanceProject Safety Management SystemsProject SafetyManagementSystemsSafety Management SystemsA good management system willprovide a hierarchy of guidance tomanagement and employees,presented via manuals, sets ofprocedures and working instructions.Corporate Safety ManagementSystems• Should be appropriate to nature and scale of theorganisations health and safety risks• Should include a commitment to the prevention of injury andill health and continual improvement• Show a commitment to at least comply with applicablelegislation• Provide a framework for setting and reviewing health andsafety objectives• Should be documented, IMPLEMENTED and maintainedPolicyRef: BS 18004 2008 Guide to achieving effective occupational health and safety performanceVideo SAFETY CLIMATE• BS 18004 2008 Guide to achieving effective occupational health and safety performance• Must be communicated to all persons working under thecontrol of the organisation.• Should be made available to all interested parties.• Should be reviewed periodically to ensure it remains relevantand appropriate to the organisation.Policy (Practical)Corporate Safety ManagementSystemsRef: BS 18004 2008 Guide to achieving effective occupational health and safety performance• Control risks• React to changing demands• Sustain a positive health and safety culturePlanning (Objectives)Corporate Safety ManagementSystemsRef: BS 18004 2008 Guide to achieving effective occupational health and safety performance• Hazard identification, risk assessment anddetermining control measures• Keep up to date with current and emerging legal and otherhealth and safety requirements• Set measurable objectives and realistic programmesPlanning (Practical)Corporate Safety ManagementSystemsImplementation and OperationCorporate Safety ManagementSystems• Establish and maintain CONTROL of the Safetyarrangements.• Promote CO-OPERATION (safety needs to be acollaborative effort)• Ensure good COMMUNICATION of relevant informationthroughout the organisation.• Secure the COMPETENCE of your workers and contractors.• Provide clear and visible leadership• Ensure continual improvement. Ref: BS 18004 2008 Guide to achieving effective occupational health and safety performance• ACTIVE & RE-ACTIVE monitoring techniques• Monitoring the extent to which health and safety objectivesare being met.• Monitoring the effectiveness of control measures.• Accident investigation• Recording data from monitoring to enable subsequentcorrective action and preventive action analysisChecking and Corrective ActionCorporate Safety ManagementSystemsThe “Onion skins” of assurance• This is a widely used professional approachdeveloped for safety critical industries. All keyprocesses are subject to stringent checks andaudits. The synonym “onion skin” refers to“layers” of intervention and intrusion which arepre-planned and are used to verify complianceto either standards or local targets. The conceptwas based on the International Safety RatingSystem.Ref: BS 18004 2008 Guide to achieving effective occupational health and safety performance• Is the system accomplishing the desired results• Consider the findings of investigations and audits• Look at the performance of individual elements of the system• Effects of internal and external factors (pending legislation,organisational change.)Management ReviewCorporate Safety ManagementSystemsKey Features of an InfrastructureSafety Management System• Leadership• Accident and Incident Reporting• Policies & Procedures– Monitoring of working hours– Compliance to HASAW Acts and regulations– Safety Work Planning Method Statements and RiskAssessments– Safety of people and infrastructure, eg permits, schedules– Audits– Technical Non compliancesKey Features of an InfrastructureSafety Management System• Safety Information• Site Safety Visits & Tours• Safety Initiatives• Communication– Meetings– Safety Action Groups SAFETY CULTURE“ The safety culture of an organisation is the product ofindividual and group values, attitudes, perceptions,competencies and patterns of behaviour that determinethe commitment to, and the style and proficiency of, anorganisation’s health and safety management.Organisations with a positive health and safety cultureare characterised by communications founded on mutualtrust, by shared perceptions of the importance of safetyand by confidence in the efficacy of preventive measures”Ref: ACSNI 1993: Human Factors Study Group – Organising for Safety (3rd Report)Rita Donaghy’s recommendations to the Secretary ofState for Work and Pensions into the UnderlyingCauses of Construction Fatal Accidents.Available at“One Death is too Many”THE WISDOM• Policy• Culture• Behaviour• Rules• Procedures• Systems• Paperwork• Checks “Walk the Talk”• Rewards and PunishmentsCoursework• Management Portfolio of Systems• Your Project or Operation– Choose one• 4 parts:• Health and Safety– Relevant to your context– 3 examples eg Risk assessmentExamination• An on-line examination with 3 groups ofquestions of which 40% is safety. The questionswill be based on theory but must be supportedby relevant real-life examples.• You must get at least 40% correct in safety topass• Subjects on Safety – Legal requirements;HASAW Act 1974, other acts and regulations,CDM 2015, causation theory, culture,improvement systems, loss controlExercise Safety CultureSustainable Safety Leadership – Safety CultureImprovement – Safety Training Video• Safety Culture• Get into your groups and discuss❖Definition of a safety culture❖One example of a good safety culture❖One example of a bad safety culture❖An example of how you can improve YouNext week!


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