Natural and Built Environment | My Assignment Tutor of Science and EngineeringNatural and Built Environment 6HX503CIVIL ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENTSafety & Regulatory Requirements Part 2Session’S Agenda▪ Tutorial 5B▪ Recap on Safety▪ What is Health and Safety Law?▪ Why does Safety Matter?▪ Safety Management Systems▪ Safety Culture▪ What is CDM and why did it come into force in1994?▪ Introduction to Tutorial 6B6HX503CIVIL ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTIONMANAGEMENTQuality Systems 2Session 5BTutorialDr Brian CounterInspection and Test you find out how we assure Quality Assurance(Technical compliance)▪ Inspection and Test Plans▪ Technical Specs▪ SI▪ GI▪ As built drawings▪ Records of checks▪ Random site checks▪ Portfolio▪ 1 page for Quality (Technical)▪ Essential systems for your context▪ Essential standards for your context▪ Best Practice▪ QA systems▪ Technical reviews▪ Planning▪ 1 or 2 Examples from a work environment▪ Comments on benefits and improvement areas as anintroduction and conclusion to the portfolioCase Study and Tutorial Exercise Exercise – Case Study▪ Tip up Lorry delivering stone at lineside▪ 6 am in November▪ Gate unlocked?▪ Stone tipped in right location?▪ Lorry left site with tipper up?▪ Light footbridge over tracks and access road▪ Bridge section fell onto lorry▪ Bridge section fell onto track▪ Train hit bridge and derailedExerciseReview some of the major hazards– access– clearances– night time– machinery movement– external suppliers– human factorsIdentify Risk AssessmentsPropose ProceduresSuggest audit regimeRECAP ON• Roads• Railways• Airports• Flood Defences• Water & Waste• Services• Local Authorities• Utilities• Environment• Factories• Business• Retail• Leisure• Community FacilitiesSAFETYQUALITYFINANCIALTECHNICALCOMMERCIALHUMAN RESOURCES“One Death is too Many”RecommendationsRita Donaghy“One Death is too Many”Laing O’Rourke businesses fined £3.8m over offsiteconstruction death▪ Two subsidiaries of contractor Laing O’Rourke have been fined a total of £3.8m after aworker was fatally crushed by a concrete panel at its offsite construction facility in Worksop,Nottinghamshire.▪ Explore Manufacturing, which makes modular building components for Laing O’Rourkeprojects, was fined £2m after one if its employees, Richard Reddish, was killed instantlywhen a row of concrete panels toppled over, like dominos.▪ Select Plant Hire Company, Laing O’Rourke’s equipment hire division, which was jointlyresponsible with Explore Manufacturing for pallets used to store components that were saidto be in “poor condition”, was fined £1.8m.▪ Nottingham Crown Court heard that large concrete panels were left freestanding on theshopfloor of Explore Manufacturing’s facility in Worksop.▪ On 8 July 2014, Reddish, a 29 year old father of one, was working in the finishing area of thesite. He was working from a small mobile elevating working platform (MEWP), removinglifting attachments from the top of a concrete panel.▪ The panel weighed around 11 tonnes and was stored on a wheeled metal transport pallet. Arectangular metal frame was attached to the pallet, which was supposed to secure from part oneWhy Manage Health and SafetySocial & Moral ObligationLegal DutyFinancial IncentivesAccident Causation4 TheoriesSafety Management SystemsHSG 65BS18004 2008Key Aims of a Health and Safety Management System?WHY MANAGEHEALTH & SAFETY?Legal DutyHealth and Safety at Work etc Act 1974Regulation 2(3) “ it shall be the duty of every employer to prepare and asoften as may be appropriate revise a written statement of his generalpolicy with respect to the health and safety at work of his employeesand the organisation and arrangements for the time being in force forcarrying out that policyManagement of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999Regulation 5 “Every employer shall make and give effect to sucharrangements as are appropriate…………. For the effective planning,organisation, control, monitoring and review of the preventive andprotective measures”The Health and Safety at Work Act 19741. To secure the health, safety and welfare of allpersons at work2. To protect the general public from risks to healthand safety arising out of work activities3. To control the use, handling, storage andtransportation of explosives and highly flammablesubstances4. To control the release of noxious or offensivesubstances into the atmosphereKey LegislationThe Health and Safety at Work Act 1974▪ The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations(CDM) 2015▪ The Work at Height Regulations 2005▪ The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005▪ The Management of Health and Safety at Work and PPERegulations 1999▪ The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations(CoSHH) 1999▪ The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER)1998▪ The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) 1998▪ The Confined Spaces Regulation 1997▪ The Reporting of Injuries Diseases and Dangerous OccurrencesRegulations (RIDDOR) 2013▪ The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992Management of Health and Safety at Work and PPERegulations 1999▪ Planning and Organisation▪ Company Policy▪ PPE▪ Method Statements▪ Control – Risk Assessments▪ Monitoring – Site Checks▪ Review of the preventive and protective measures –management meetings etcRisk Assessments▪ Matrix 5×5 3×3 7×7▪ Consequence or Severity▪ Likelihood▪ Control MeasureQuantitative Risk assessment▪ Likelihood = often to seldom▪ Severity = death to illness LikelihoodSeveritySlight1Serious2Major3Low1Medium2High3 RISK = SEVERITY x LIKELIHOODAccident Reporting▪ RIDDOR Regulations 2013▪ Report to HSE▪ 5-7 day absences▪ Serious injuries; broken bones; burns▪ Fatality▪ Company Rules; any accident to bereported▪ Minor▪ Near MissSAFETY CULTURE“ The safety culture of an organisation is the product of individual andgroup values, attitudes, perceptions, competencies and patterns ofbehaviour that determine the commitment to, and the style andproficiency of, an organisation’s health and safety management.Organisations with a positive health and safety culture arecharacterised by communications founded on mutual trust, by sharedperceptions of the importance of safety and by confidence in theefficacy of preventive measures”Ref: ACSNI 1993: Human Factors Study Group – Organising for Safety (3rd Report)▪ CDM 1994 was the first version, introducing the roles of the Planning Supervisor and thePrincipal Contractor, and the need to notify the HSE.▪ It introduced CDM roles and responsibilities, much less on the Client compared to the rest ofthe project team, and introduced the health and safety plan.▪ While the Principal Contractor role has stood the test of time, the Planning Supervisor isconfined to the history books after this set of the Regulations.2007▪ Gone is the Planning Supervisor, and in its place, the new CDM Coordinator. Also introducedare the Pre-Construction Information, the Health and Safety File, and the health and safetyplan becomes known as the Construction Phase Plan.▪ More emphasis is placed on Client duties, with the exception of domestic clients and theirprojects.2015▪ This time the CDM Coordinator gets the chop and a new duty holder is introduced, thePrincipal Designer who now takes on responsibility of health and safety at the pre-constructionphase, with the Principal Contractor responsible during the construction phase.▪ Once again, more emphasis is placed on the Client, now also in charge of notification to theHSE.▪ Documentation, appointment and notification requirements are tweaked slightly, and theexemption for domestic projects is gone. Domestic clients still get a free pass, but other dutiesholders must still fully comply with all the requirements on domestic Construction (Design & Management)Regulations 2015CDM 2015Looks to address health and safety throughout thelifecycle of the development.CDM 2015Key Aims• Improve the planning and management of projects from the very start• Identify hazards early on, so they can be eliminated or reduced at thedesign or planning stage and the remaining risk can be properly managed• Target effort where it can do the most good in terms of health and safetyDISCOURAGE UNECESSARYBUREAUCRACYThe CDM Duty Holders – there are 7!▪ Clients – Projects▪ Principal Designers – involve > 1 contractors▪ Designers – specialists▪ Principal Contractor – involve > 1 contractors▪ Contractors▪ Domestic Clients – eg. extensions▪ KEY Roles in CDM 2105▪ PRINCIPAL DESIGNER (PD)▪ PRINCIPAL CONTRACTOR (PC)“The Principal Designer (PD) role is the designerwith control over the pre-construction phase of theproject. This is the very earliest stage of a projectfrom concept design through to planning the deliveryof the construction work.The Construction (Design & Management)Regulations 2015Principal Designer’s Duty“The PD will be responsible for eliminating orcontrolling risk throughout the design phaseand ensuring that the Principal Contractor(PC) is kept updated and that a ConstructionPhase Plan (CPP) is prepared. The PD willmake certain that designers comply with theirduties and prepare the Health and Safety file”“The contractor in overall charge of the construction phase andmust be capable of carrying out the role and have the right skills,knowledge, training and experience and is responsible formanaging health and safety on the construction site and mustplan, manage, monitor and coordinate the construction phase sothat health and safety risks are controlled.The Construction (Design & Management)Regulations 2015Principal Contractor’s Duty“The PC will prepare and update the ConstructionPhase Plan, facilitate co-operation and coordination between persons concerned in theproject including induction and information toworkers”Method Statement Briefing MHSWR1999“The Client is ultimately responsible for the projectphase of the project. This is the very earliest stage ofa project from concept design through to planningthe delivery of the construction work.The Construction (Design & Management)Regulations 2015Client’s Duty“The Client produces the project brief with H&Saspects, appoints the PD and PC, provides preconstruction information, registers with HSE,checks that the Construction Phase Plan is inplace, ensures Welfare for all, organiseshandover, makes sure H&S file is complete andis maintained”.Health and Safety FileClient responsibility to keep and maintain:▪ Construction details▪ As built▪ Services▪ Materials used▪ Any future Construction and Maintenance▪ DemolitionConstruction Phase Plan▪ The principal contractor should provide contractors with:▪ Details of key dates, including for preparation and leadtimes▪ Details of the project team including who is in charge ofthe site▪ Site rules PPE and induction arrangements▪ Welfare facility arrangements▪ Details of any unusual or significant risks▪ Details of any sequence constraints▪ Emergency procedures▪ Arrangements for reporting – near miss, incidents, unsafebehaviours F10 REGISTRATION▪ TRIGGER More than 500 person-days of labour or more than30 working days and more than 20 workers simultaneously. Aproject with more than one contractor will initiate the allocationof a PC or PD.1. Project, Location, start and finish date2. Details of Client, Principal Designer,Principal Contractor and any designers or contractors3. Maximum number of people at work on the construction site.4. A declaration signed by or on behalf of the client that they are aware of theclient duties under these“Every contractor shall plan, manage andmonitor construction work carried out byhim or under his control in a way whichinsures that ……… is carried out withoutrisks to health and safety”Checks, Risk assessments,Method Statements,Policies, PPE,MHSWR 1999The Construction (Design & Management)Regulations 2015Contractor’s DutyContractors Duties▪ Main duty to plan and manage construction work to control risk▪ Pre construction phase planning duties▪ Appoint workers with skills, knowledge, training experience,H&S capabilities▪ Check PD and client are aware of all risks and check theyhave F10▪ Cooperate and be involved in CPP▪ Induct, supervise, instruct and inform especially risks▪ Welfare and Security▪ Monitor and Report Accidents and Incidents▪ Contribute to H&S FileDuties for Designers▪ The CDM regulations place duties on virtually every member of theconstruction project team. If you are an architect, structural engineer orany other person or professional involved in design elements for aconstruction project, you have designer duties under the CDMregulations.▪ What risks should you be thinking about when you are preparing yourdesign?▪ In this exercise, we will ask you to list the A-Z of CDM design riskassessment, covering 26 areas to think about when considering healthand safety in your design.▪ Whether you are creating part of, or the full design, at any stage of aconstruction project, the CDM regulations apply.▪ One of the key designer duties is to avoid risks, when preparing thedesign, to those carrying out the construction work, and those using ormaintaining the finished words to Remember about CDM▪ Lifecycle▪ Duty Holders▪ ConstructionPhase Plan▪ H&S File▪ F10▪ Client▪ Principal Designer▪ Principal ContractorWhat do the experts say about goodcompany safety management systems?THE 4 C’s and CI• Establish and maintain CONTROL of the Safety arrangements.• Promote CO-OPERATION (safety needs to be a collaborative effort)• Ensure good COMMUNICATION of relevant information throughoutthe organisation.• Secure the COMPETENCE of your workers and contractors.• Provide clear and visible leadership• Ensure continual improvement.See you Later for Tutorial


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