# health event to determine incidence –

Module 6 Week 12 – Epidemiology Paper DirectionsFor this assignment you will use the BRFSS database and the BRFSS website to complete thesteps required.You will choose a health event (e.g. obesity, diabetes, breast cancer) and variables thatcorrelate with the health event to determine incidence, prevalence and the relative risk of thehealth event. Be sure the datapoints you choose in the BRFSS dataset relate to each other. Youneed to think logically when selecting variables or you will struggle to complete the assignment.Assignment steps:1. Determine the incidence and prevalence of a specific disease.In order to determine the incidence, you need to know the number of newly diagnosedcases. In order to determine this, you need to look at the number of cases between two givenpoints in time.Whereas, prevalence can be determined in any one point in time. The prevalence rate is thetotal number of cases of reported diabetes compared to the total number of respondents.Note: When determining variables to determine incidence and prevalence you may need tocreate (transform) a new variable. For example, if you are choosing obesity as a variable youcannot just use weight. This variable needs to be calculated (first this would need to becalculated using weight and height [WEIGHT2xHEIGHT3] to determine BMI; then BMI will needto be categorized into obese, not obese where obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 orgreater. Realizing that the confounding variable here is that the individuals who completed thesurvey in 2014 could be different than those who completed it in 2016.2. Relative RiskReview the information found on the following link: https://www.scalelive.com/relativerisk.html and use the provided relative risk calculator for this portion of the epidemiologypaper.Nominal variables are used to calculate RR. The data must be at the nominal level such that Ais: obese and has diabetes; B=Obese and no diabetes; C=Not obese has diabetes and D = Notobese and no diabetes.Note: Where A is the number exposed who develop the outcome; B = the number exposed thatdo not develop the outcome; C is the number not exposed who develop the outcome and D isthe number not exposed that do not develop the outcome. Let’s say you want to know the RRof developing diabetes for individuals who are obese (first this would need to be calculatedusing weight and height [WEIGHT2xHEIGHT3] to determine BMI; then BMI will need to becategorized into obese, not obese).3. Design a study to understand or change the outcome.Design a qualitative or a quantitative study. Think about the main parts needed in studydesign (review the elements in a study design).o Who would your sample be?o What will the participant inclusion and exclusion criteria be?o Will you have an intervention/treatment? If so, what intervention/treatmentwould you propose?o What kind of data will you collect?o How will the data be collected, interview, questionnaire, etc.o What kind of data analysis would you do?4. Recommend a health care policy or amend an existing policy.Based on existing health policy, recommend a policy change that could impact theproblem. For example, will Medicare, Medicaid, or private insurance pay for lap bandingsurgery to decrease obesity and thus decrease the incidence of diabetes? If not, shouldthey? Why?5. In-text citations and Reference List using APA 7e FormattingInclude in-text citations in each of the above listed sections of the epidemiology paper.Complete a reference list that includes all in-text references.Be sure to use APA 7e formatting guidelines. Refer to the APA course resources found in theWelcome Tab: APA 7e Quick Guide and link to the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) site. AssignmentTutorOnline

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