evolution in the logistics functions and processes | My Assignment Tutor

A study of challenges and opportunities related to the evolution in the logistics functions and processes Table of Contents Section 1: A Description of The Researchable Topic 3 Section 2: The Aims and Objectives of The Research 4 Aims and Objectives of The Research 4 The Relevant Issues Underlying the Research 4 Background to The Research 5 Research Question 5 Relevant Theories and Frameworks That You Can Use to Operationalize the Research 5 Section 3: A Critical Review Than A Summary 8 A review of the relevant contextual literature 8 Identification, description and review of the relevant conceptual literatur 8 Relevant empirical research 8 Identification and review of the debates within the literature 8 A commentary on the nature of the literature; theory, research, policy, prescriptive 8 An indication of the implications of the literature 8 Summary 8 Section 4: Critical Analysis 9 References 10 Section1: A Description of The Researchable Topic In particular, logistics refers to meticulous planning and execution of a complicated project. Logistics is indeed the control of movement of goods between the stage of manufacture as well as the point of sale to satisfy the needs of consumers or companies in a broad context. Within logistics, physical goods including certain products, vehicles, and services, along with food as well as other consumable products, are handled. Logistics is just a term that gets rolled around now and then; term as well as the logistics mechanism actually progressed. The Latin terms ‘reasoning’ and ‘static’ are combined to form the term logistics. Historically, logistics are mostly used by the government. Since the end of the 1950s to both the current, logistics has continued to evolve. “Effective preparation through execution of goods, supplies, including knowledge transfer from the beginning point (provenance) to the end state (clients), involving transportation, inventory, and influence” is indeed a simple definition for logistics. By 1990s, globalisation had accelerated, and businesses were required to trade with other nations to great deal. As a result, transit has been a significant corporate aspect. Each company saw mobility as a critical element in staying productive, so they managed and incorporated transportation infrastructure. Corporations began to lose share of the market as transportation was seen as heavily defended. By understanding how the consumer needs these products, logistical phase steps attempt to identify the right method for promoting the products. An organisation should still understand the position of a commodity and assess the different variables involved with these areas as one of this method. It is an essential role in the logistics organizational activities. It is critical to a company’s logistics activities. It’s indeed critical to a company’s logistics activities. Transport infrastructure seems to be the most basic and essential part of logistics including moving products from the source to customer. So far, logistics has witnessed a growth increasing up around 20percent per year through its inception. After, the distribution department established a chain management division to offer full resources from preparation to the end of the design process. That’s how the supply chain management business as a whole was born. According to the selected topic, it can be stated that in the last few years, the supply chain logistics process has changed a lot, and to learn more about the impacts created by the change is aimed to understand from the research presentation. Furthermore, as defined (Marchesini and Alcântara, 2016), the topic will be using both literature review and literature review analysis to present a detailed understanding of the topic. Furthermore, with the help of the data analysis, the research topic will be able to present a clear understanding of both opportunities and challenges related to the changed supply chain process and functions. At the same time, the literature review of the presentation is responsible for defining the various parts of logistics which is one of the essential areas of supply chain, and this part in recent years has changed a lot too, by selecting the topic learning about the advantage and disadvantage related to the change will be attained in clear terms. Section 2: The Aims and Objectives of The Research Aims and Objectives of The Research As opinionated by (Eaidgah et al. 2016), in current years, logistics management in the market has changed a lot due to globalization. Moreover, with the help of this paper, the prpject is aiming to learn about the benefits and loopholes related to this logistic change in recent years, another aim that can be linked to the topic is a clear understanding of different ways in which the change can be managed in a positive direction. On the other hand, to attain the aim few research objectives need to be met too, such as: To evaluate the change that occurred in the logistics process and function.To understand the opportunities and disadvantages related to the changed logistics process and function.To analyze different ways in which the organizations can manage the changed logistics process and related functions for attaining a better organizational result. The Relevant Issues Underlying the Research As stated by (McKinnon, 2017), the issue that is related to the selected topic is the changing understanding of the global market, as in current years, the global market needs are changing rapidly that are creating a direct impact on the business value. Moreover, based on the understanding of the topic, another issue that can be found from the case is its understanding of the ways in which the management of logistics can be managed. In many cases reducing the transportation cost along with managing supply chain functions created an impact on the selected topic. Furthermore, another essential research problem related to the chosen topic is its management of visibility and incorporating with the changed government policies and regulations as well. Background to The Research Prior to the 1950s, logistics has been seen as a defense feature. This has to do with government facilities, military hardware, and manpower acquisition, repair, and transit. While writers have begun to explore swapping one expense for another, such as shipping costs for product cost, as well as the advantages to the business of delivering the correct products to the correct location at the correct time prior to this period, the average corporation’s organisation across the existing practises connected to logistics remained fractured (Gupta, Singhmand Mangla, 2021). The diagram underneath depicts how well a company had indeed arranged core operations at the moment in terms with promotion, financing, and manufacturing roles and goals. Those following are identified as causes for the disruption: The inadequate knowledge of important value considerations.Cultures and treaties’ resistance.Many fields are considered to become more critical including logistics.It’s possible that the company was in the process of evolving. Figure: Logistics activity in early days Source: (Zhang and Zhang, 2018). A number of experiences can indeed be drawn again from history. Firstly, physical delivery including logistics being imagined to always have extensive expectations with handling commodity movement operations again from stage of procurement of raw materials to the final customer. Secondly, it’s overall cost principle was used to manage such tasks in a group environment (Zhang and Zhang, 2018). Supply Chain Integration is sweeping every logistics industry, with people from all walks throughout life seeming to welcome and then seeing its own practices incorporated inside it. The meaning of its name remains unknown, or how supply chain management differs from physical delivery and logistics is a point of contention. Most argue that this just fulfills the pledge of operation convergence suggested in the earliest examples, whereas others argue that this was a novel though daring idea. Evaluation of logistics Source: (Kain and Verma, 2018) Analyzing stock dynamic allocation at this time will lead to a variety of assumptions. Evidently, supply chain management is attracting a lot of attention including hype (Kain and Verma, 2018). Throughout the era in the 1940s and 1950s, most represented the process’s strategy proposed by facilities investigators. Generalising what could be in prospect for logistics throughout the future is possible through knowing the dynamics and watching the current phase. The continuing and increasing involvement in logistics has fuelled mostly by movement towards increasing globalisation, trade openness, and exporting. Now days logistics Source: (Kain and Verma, 2018). Future problems would include adequately estimating sales impacts through supply chain-generated service delivery and successfully leveraging the reach of its trade process as proposed throughout supply chain management (Kain and Verma, 2018). Logistics industry is confronted with many obstacles. It’s stymied by a slew of inefficiencies. It is highly disorganised, with inadequate infrastructure as well as a prolonged constitutional stalemate at the core judgement councils. Nevertheless, current events such as expanded roadway infrastructure spending and a significant policy improvement in the shape of the GST regime also revolutionised growth opportunities for the sector. Among the most significant benefits of GST tax reforms seems to be the logistics sector. The logistics industry faces a number of problems, including high operating costs due to failures such as underutilised assets, administrative wastes, and poor traffic management (Tien et al., 2019). For businesses that are willing to embrace innovations, these obstacles offer the greatest potential for value growth. The use of information technology, which has been widely overlooked by the logistics industry, now has the ability to completely transform the way cargo delivery is conducted in the region. Research Question According to (Wang, 2016), the prime question that is being targeted by the paper here is related to “What are the challenges and opportunities related to the evolution in the logistics functions and processes?” On the other hand, by attaining the research question understanding the changed logistics function and the process will become an easy task to do. Relevant Theories and Frameworks That You Can Use to Operationalize the Research As described by (Domingo Galindo, 2016), there are different logistics management that can be used by the current organizational culture as each of them has its benefits and advantages associated with it, which is responsible for creating a positive impact on the entire supply chain management. Few of the theories related to the selected topic are defined in the following for operationalizing the entire research in a positive direction. Supply Chain Roadmap Theory This theory includes four different areas of supply chain management such as alignment, risk management, value added and metrics and based on the am innovative growth is achieved. Supply Chain Roadmap Theory (Source: Touboulic and Walker, 2015) Customer Relationship Management With the help of this theory, the logistic management of an organization is able to learn about the areas of business that demands attention from the organization, which meets customers’ needs in a positive way to provide profitable returns. Customer Relationship Management (Source: Touboulic and Walker, 2015) Channel Coordination With the help of this theory, the organizations can realign with the channel objectives to apply better inventory management. Channel Coordination (Source: Touboulic and Walker, 2015) Total Quality Management Total quality management (TQM) creates a focus on the entire streamline of the supply chain management for providing the result of a satisfied logistic to both employees and customers. Total Quality Management (Source: Touboulic and Walker, 2015) Section 3: A Critical Review Than A Summary A review of the relevant contextual literature The evolution in logistics has brought many challenges and opportunities to business organizations. According to Shen and Chan, (2017), the evolution of logistics depends on major emergence in sharing data and forecasting the information to provide developmental support to the supply chain management team. Distributing the information and forecast of the data has helped the suppliers create a robust supply chain management for meeting the criteria of the demands and the supply with the new evolution of Big data technologies. Sharing the data and information has helped the logistics management or the supply chain management improve the organization’s performance. The supplier and the logistics and supply chain management managers can use a wide range of information and data with the help of big data to implement the supply chain management process effectively. The analytics and Big data technologies have also helped the logistics managers gather more information and data about a supply chain process. Sharing and distributing forecast information with the help of big data technologies have positive and negative sides. It provides both advantages and disadvantages to the suppliers and the managers of supply chain management. A wide range of data and information can create many issues and challenges for the supply chain management team. Data leak and fraud cases can arise from such forecast information by using big data technologies and analytics. The suppliers can share the data and information of a particular organization with other rival companies and can use the information to hamper the market demand of the products. On the other hand, the sharing of the information has a huge benefit because the suppliers can understand the company’s supply chain system more accurately and use the information for the development and growth of the company. It can also help transfer the organizational structure and the model of the organization leading towards a positive result. Identification, description and review of the relevant conceptual literatur As per Zimon, (2017), Total quality management is interconnected to the supply chain management and logistics management process because it provides immense support and helps the customers and the employees. The concept of total quality management is important to improve supply chain management because managing and controlling the quality can positively impact the supply and delivery of the products and services to the customers. It increases the satisfaction of the customers and staff. Providing high-quality products with an effective and strong supply chain management system can bring positive outcomes to the organization. The relationship between supply chain management and total quality management is a positive outcome. Total quality management principles and theories can help the suppliers develop a long-term relationship with the organization. It is also important that implementing total quality management in the supply chain process of cooperation among the employees and workers and the suppliers is a must for the organization. The relationship between logistics and total quality management flourishes the company’s development, leading towards customer satisfaction and developing trust and loyalty. Quality management always depends on the needs and requirements of the customers by delivering them cost-effective and best quality products with the help of a strong supply chain. The most important and crucial benefit of total quality management is that it creates a streamlining supply chain and logistics management and develops customer service. Total quality management has a significant impact and influence on the development and validation of logistics customer service. The total quality management process prioritizes the customers’ consumers keeping their requirements and preference in focus. Relevant empirical research According to Facchini et al., (2020), the development of the logistic sector is connected and interrelated to the development of the industrial 4.0 revolution. The concept of logistics 4.0 has been driving through the concept of the revolution of industry 4.0. The major components, determinants and elements related to logistics 4.0 are based on the advancements and development of the new technologies and techniques, and tools used in logistics and supply chain management to estimate the organization’s maturity level. The maturity model of logistics 4.0 was created to evaluate the maturity level of a wide range of companies. The concept of logistics 4.0 and supply chain management of smart level define the processes end to end supply chain management and logistics depending on the concept of internet of things. And it is done with advanced technologies, data analytics, cyber-physical systems. Logistics 4.0 helps the suppliers and the organizational leaders get a wide range of information about the data exchange, and it also provides data security and data safety to the suppliers. Logistics 4.0 has the purpose of meeting the demands of the customers. It also helps the logistics and supply chain management be more Central and connected in transforming the industries and digitalization of logistics. Identification and review of the debates within the literature According to Wamba and Queiroz, (2020), Logistics management provides a better understanding with the help of big data and a wide range of information and data about the suppliers and supply chain management to create a better service. It also helps meet the demands and requirements of the customers by delivering and supplying the products to the customers on time with the quick and fast technology-based delivery system. Logistics also helps the organization create advantages and competitiveness by providing the customers timely delivery. As it uses big data and shared forecast information, logistics can help improve the supply chain management’s transparency, which is the most critical and significant opportunity of logistics. By enhancing the logistics management and building a robust information system, the company can increase its revenue collection and profit margins, increasing customer satisfaction and loyalty. It also increases the brand reputation and brand awareness; most notably, a long-term supply chain management system is established with the help of the total quality management system. As per Murphy and Knemeyer, (2018), There are many challenges and issues that an organization can face due to the logistics revolution. As logistics follows technological advancements, blockchain operations, and big data technologies, and data analytics systems, there may be many issues and challenges that supply chain management can face. Big data technologies use a large amount of data and information regarding the suppliers and the business organization that can be leaked and shared with rival companies creating a negative impact on the organizational operation and function. It can also break the supply chain management. A commentary on the nature of the literature; theory, research, policy, prescriptive This literature is based on logistics management and its significant opportunities and challenges that the organization can face. Logistics maintains the theory of total quality management, channel coordination, and customer relationship management. It also follows the supply chain roadmap theory for achieving organizational success. This literature is related to logistics management and has a significant impact on organizational success. The literature has also researched the various advanced evolutionary developments that have been done in logistics management to improve performance. Business technology-based systems and software have also been discussed in this research paper. Similarly, the advantages, opportunities, and challenges of these new developments have been highlighted. Logistics policy should be implemented with practical guidelines to provide data security for creating a solid and long-term supply chain system. And the purpose and perspectives of the research paper are to identify the significant opportunities and challenges of the logistics revolution and how it has positively and negatively impacted the business organization and supply chain management. An indication of the implications of the literature Many ways can help the organization’s logistics process in creating a better organizational result and outcome. Managing the quality of the product can help manage the logistics and supply chain process in the organization. Advanced technology-based systems can also help improve the logistics process. It is considered that the logistics management process becomes a backbone for the organization because it creates a positive impact on customer satisfaction and customer service. Strategic management is critical to provide products and services to the customers at a particular time and also to maintain a strong relationship with the suppliers. The data and information regarding the supply chain management and the suppliers need to be used securely and adequately. It is essential to evaluate and estimate the budget for the supply chain management, costs to deliver and supply the products and services. Transportation plays a significant role in operating logistics management; therefore, it needs to be improved with appropriate time frame, deadline, quality management, and technological advancements. The most important way to manage logistics is to optimize and analyze warehousing management for increasing productivity and performance. Warehousing has a significant impact on the product quality, delivery, and supply chain management for warehousing management needs to be improved to make organizational service better (Kain and Verma, 2018). There are also some issues regarding logistics management. Using a wide range of data can be harmful, and therefore it needs to be appropriately maintained. There may be issues like data theft and breaking of the supply chain management affecting the satisfaction, trust, and loyalty of the customers and suppliers due to that data leakage and untimely delivery of the products and services. Logistics management has been changed due to the advanced technology system. Many advanced technology-based software and systems, for example, artificial intelligence, robotics, Big data technologies, and data analytics, are being used in logistics management to attain a better organizational result. Summary From the above information, it is identified that there is various kind of perspective regarding the topic. The study paper reflects all the aspects that are associates with the logistic functions and process in an adequate manner. The paper shows the aims and objectives of the research as well as mentioned all the relevant issues that are associates with the logistic function and process. On the other hand, a brief background has been take places regarding the topic appropriately so that the readers can easily identify the fundamental prospect of the research paper. Additionally, it is also visible in the paper that a relevant theory and framework is proposed here. Most importantly a critical evaluation is done in the paper where various kind of question-answer session has been take places. Similarly, a small literature review is also mentioned here from where the perspective, theory and many other things are derived. Another significant part is it shows the implications as well as the critical evaluation. Therefore it can be stated that the paper has multiple activities to make the readers understand the importance of the subject matter. Section 4:Critical Analysis 1.My research question is to identify the future logistic of supply chain management. This article critically evaluates the entire prospects of supply chain management properly. It guides me regarding the context properly. 2.This a theoretical literature where all the aspects of supply chain management have been disclosed with proper survey pieces of evidence. It is relevant to other types of literature. 3. a) It is evident that the author Ronald H. Ballou undertake a knowledge for critical evaluation in the context of supply chain management and the future logistic of it. The project reflects it. b) The research paper reflects the past, present aspect of supply change management as well as the impact of it in business management (Ballou Ronald, 2007). Some issues have been mentioned in the context of inter-functional, coordination and many others. The diagrams projected that it is moderate in practice. c)The investigation is informed by the theory. It does create another theory. It develops practical theory. d) The author treats his audience by academic knowledge of methods to affect the reporting of the research. 4. The main kind of knowledge which is claimed as created by the author is theoretical knowledge as there are proper theories regarding supply chain management that has been mentioned in the research paper. b)The authors claim is adequately mentioned in the research paper by providing the introduction, abstract, conclusion and a brief regarding the context. All the necessity is hereby notified. d) The research paper indicates tentativeness. Even the research paper efficiently qualify the claims by acknowledging the limitation of the shreds of evidence. Additionally, the acknowledgement after receiving data is also mention in the research paper. e)The authors claim is not generalized there is specific context regarding his statement. There is another similar context too. The context is applicable universally. 5.a) This is a firsthand experience. This is the author’s practise knowledge as well as research. The literature is about reviews of practice knowledge. b) The range of sources is adequate. There is a methodological limitation in the context of employing methods. It does not include cross-checking. There is no detailed account. A summary is given as a reference to data. 6. The claim of the context is moderate as there is some inefficiency as per the data survey. Even the methodology which has been used in the research paper can be avoided by much management. Even the policies which are described to scrutinize the logistic approach, as well as the basic fundament of the supply chain, have various aspects (Ballou Ronald, 2007). 7.a) The claim of the author is very much convincing as it is clearly shown in the research paper that the author used his theories with a proper diagram. The past, present aspects regarding the context reflect the differences of methodology adequately. b) The author provides moderate backing in the context of his statement in the research paper. He shows graphs to make the readers understand his standpoint in a proper way. References Ballou Ronald. 2007. The Evolution and Future of Logistics and Supply Chain Management. European Business Review. 19. 332-348. 10.1108/09555340710760152. Domingo Galindo, L., 2016. The challenges of logistics 4.0 for the supply chain management and the information technology (Master’s thesis, NTNU).https://ntnuopen.ntnu.no/ntnu-xmlui/handle/11250/2396477 Eaidgah, Y., Maki, A.A., Kurczewski, K. and Abdekhodaee, A., 2016. Visual management, performance management and continuous improvement: a lean manufacturing approach. International Journal of Lean Six Sigma.https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJLSS-09-2014-0028/full/html Facchini, F., Oleśków-Szłapka, J., Ranieri, L. and Urbinati, A., 2020. A maturity model for logistics 4.0: An empirical analysis and a roadmap for future research. Sustainability, 12(1), p.86.https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/1/86 Gupta, A., Singh, R.K. and Mangla, S.K., 2021. Evaluation of logistics providers for sustainable service quality: Analytics based decision making framework. Annals of Operations Research, pp.1-48. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10479-020-03913-0 Kain, R. and Verma, A., 2018. Logistics management in supply chain–an overview. Materials today: proceedings, 5(2), pp.3811-3816. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214785317329073 Kain, R. and Verma, A., 2018. Logistics management in supply chain–an overview. Materials today: proceedings, 5(2), pp.3811-3816.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214785317329073 Marchesini, M.M.P. and Alcântara, R.L.C., 2016. Logistics activities in supply chain business process. The International Journal of Logistics Management.https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJLM-04-2014-0068/full/html?fullSc=1 McKinnon, A., 2017. Integrated logistics strategies. In Handbook of logistics and supply-chain management. 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Blockchain in the operations and supply chain management: Benefits, challenges and future research opportunities.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S026840121931792X Wang, K., 2016, November. Logistics 4.0 solution-new challenges and opportunities. In 6th International Workshop of Advanced Manufacturing and Automation (pp. 68-74). Atlantis Press.https://www.atlantis-press.com/proceedings/iwama-16/25862222 Zhang, C. and Zhang, M., 2018, June. Comprehensive Evaluation of Logistics Management Mode of Provincial Grid Companies Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process. In 2018 2nd International Conference on Management, Education and Social Science (ICMESS 2018) (pp. 829-833). Atlantis Press. https://www.atlantis-press.com/proceedings/icmess-18/25897192 Zimon, D., 2017. THE IMPACT OF TQM PHILOSOPHY FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF LOGISTICS PROCESSES IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN. International Journal for Quality Research, 11(1). http://www.ijqr.net/journal/v11-n1/1.pdf

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