Airport Operations & Infrastructure | My Assignment Tutor

AIRPORT PLANNINGJoseph K CHEONGTechnical Officer, Airport Operations & Infrastructure, ICAO HQSecretary, Aerodrome Design and Operations PanelLima, September 2018TOPICS• THE AVIATION SYSTEM• CHICAGO CONVENTION• MASTER PLAN – WHY NEEDED• THE TOOLS• PAST & CURRENT PROVISIONS• FUTURE PROVISIONS• BIBLIOGRAPHY ….all flights commence and terminateat an aerodrome….. the aerodromewithin a total system concept…AERODROME – AIRSIDERunways, Taxiways, Aprons, Operations,Control Towers, Obstacles, etc. (Annex 14)Local ATMAnnex 11PANS-ATMLocal AIS/MAPAnnex 3Annex 15Local METAnnex 3 FLT OPSAnnex 6PANS-OPSLocal CNSAnnex 10ENVIRONAnnex 18AERODROME – LANDSIDETerminals, Cargo, Ground Transport, Parking,Support Elements, etc.Local AIS/MAPAnnex 3Annex 15FLT OPSAnnex 6PANS-OPSLocal CNSAnnex 10ENVIRONAnnex 18FacilitationAnnex 9SecurityAnnex 17 Boeing 747-400Airbus A380-100Boeing 747-8/8FPassengers416555467Wingspan64.40 m79.75 m68.40 mLength71.00 m72.60 m76.40 mHeight19.40 m24.00 m19.50 mMTOW400 tons560 tons440 tons NEW LARGE AIRCRAFThttps://www.boeing.com/777x/reveal/video-777x-Folding-Wingtip/AEROPLANES WITH FOLDING WINGTIPS • Large, global & complex industry• Highly sophisticated technologies• Reduced capacity of regulators to be THE expert across awhole range of disciplines/ specialties• Highly complex, automated & integrated systemsToday’s aviation environment….• Increased failures: technology/human interface• Greater commercial pressure – costs & time• Greater public expectations on safety issues• Greenfield airports – opening day issuesToday’s aviation environment….International obligationsThe Chicago ConventionThe Chicago Convention• Signed on 7 December 1944• Currently 192 States ratified – one of world’s most widelyaccepted international treaties• Only global set of principles/rules governing internationalcivil aviationThe Chicago Convention (cont’d)• Contains 96 Articles in 22 Chapters• Provides for the establishment of the International CivilAviation Organization (ICAO)• Gives Contracting States certain “RIGHTS” in exchange formeeting certain “OBLIGATIONS”States “Rights”• Uphold fundamental principles of Sovereignty of ContractingStates (Art. 1)• Grants transit & landing rights for non-scheduled traffic (Art. 5)• Grants each State the right to reserve the traffic within its bordersto its own airlines (Art. 7)States “Rights” (cont’d)• Grants each “User” State the right to equitable treatment from a“Provider” State in terms of rules of entry to, transition, throughand departure from that State’s airspace and airports (Art.11&15)• Provides for mutual recognition of certificates of airworthiness,personnel licences, etc. (Art. 33)States “Obligations”• Each State agrees to give uniform treatment to aircraft from otherStates when in their airspace or using their airports (Art. 11 & 15)• Each State agrees to provide airports and air traffic services inconformance with standards and practices established under theConvention (Art. 28)States “Rights” (cont’d)• Each State agrees to implement in their national regulations theInternational Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs)and Procedures adopted by ICAO in order to ensure the highestpracticable degree of uniformity (Art. 37)States “Rights” (cont’d)• Each State is required to notify ICAO immediately if it finds itimpracticable to comply in all respects with any InternationalStandard or Procedure (Art. 38) – “filing of differences”CHICAGOCONVENTIONANNEXES1 TO 19MANUALS/CIRCULARSSTATEGUIDANCEMATERIAL STATELEGISLATION/OPERATINGREGULATIONS PROCEDURESFOR AIRNAVIGATIONSERVICES• ICAO Annexes directed to the state• Contents of ICAO annexes must be transposed into national regulations• License personnel, certify aerodromes & organizations• Monitor licensed subjects for continued compliance• Develops principles and techniquesto be adopted in Annexes• Approves regional air navigationplans• Apply Annex Standards• Carry out oversight responsibilities• Implement infrastructure accordingto regional plansICAO STATESTwo complementary rolesAnnex 14, Volume IAerodrome Design and OperationsForeword“Any specification for physical characteristics, configuration, material,performance, personnel or procedure, the uniform application ofwhich is recognized as necessary for the safety or regularity of int’lair navigation and to which Contracting State will conform inaccordance with the Convention; in the event of impossibility ofcompliance, notification to the Council is compulsory under Art. 38”.STANDARDRECOMMENDED PRACTICE“Any specification for physical characteristics, configuration, material,performance, personnel or procedure, the uniform application ofwhich is recognised as desirable in the interest of safety, regularityor efficiency of int’l air navigation and to which Contracting State willendeavour to conform in accordance with the Convention.”• Notes included in the text, where appropriate, to give factual informationor references bearing on the Standards or Recommended Practices inquestion, but not constituting part of the Standards or RecommendedPractices.• Attachments comprising material supplementary to the Standards andRecommended Practices, or included as a guide to their application.Airport Master PlanningWhy Needed? Airport Master PlanningWhy Needed?• Assembly Resolutions• PIRGS – regional activities paper• ADOP/3 paperAssemblyResolutionsASSEMBLY RESOLUTIONS• A23-14 Systems planning – new aircraft types• A27-11 Airport & Airspace Congestion• A39-1 Appendix F: Land Use Planning & Management• A39-15 Appendix C: Airports charging policy• A39-15 Appendix E: Forecasting, planning & economic analysis• A39-18 Appendix C: Security• A39-20 Facilitation• A39-22 Appendix J: Provision of adequate aerodromesThe Tools(in chronological order)Airport Planning Manual (Doc 9184)• First edition – 1967• General review – 1976• Second edition – 1987Purpose & principle of Doc 9184 – Part 1• Exclusively informational and advisory in character.• Provide advice & guidance to responsible authority on methods to follow indeveloping the solutions to design problems, rather than presenting typicalsolutions for consideration.• Emphasis on:– harmonizing airport master plan with plans for the future development and total transportationsystem.– inter-relationship of all elements of the airport design – movement areas, including aprons,passenger and cargo loading system, terminal building design, car parking areas and accessroads etc – and ensuring that the master plan will permit expansion of any of its elements asrequirements increase during the life of the planPurpose & principle of Doc 9184 – Part 1 (cont’d)• It would be restricted to state-of-the-art material and would not presenttheoretical or unproven concepts, except as may prove necessary in connectionwith new types of aircraft not yet in service.• Advisory and informational rather than regulatory• Deal with practice rather than policyCycles of amendments• Since 1967, most Annexes had undergone series of amendments:– Annex 14: 33 cycles of amendments– Annex 3: ??– Annex 6: ??– Annex 9: ??– Annex 17: ??– Annex 18: ??Amendment 1 to Annex 14 Vol I (1995)• Consequential to Amendment 8 to Annex 17– Recommendation .— Architectural and infrastructure-related requirements for theoptimum implementation of international civil aviation security measures shall beintegrated into the design and construction of new facilities and alterations to existingfacilities at an aerodrome.Note.— Guidance on all aspects of the planning of aerodromes including securityconsiderations is contained in the Airport Planning Manual (Doc 9184), Part 1.• Upgraded to a Standard via Amendment 3 (1999)Amendment 7 to Annex 14 Vol I (2005)• Arising from Recommendation 3/5 CAEP/6Recommendation.— The design of aerodromes should take into account,where appropriate, land-use and environmental control measure.Note.— Guidance on land-use planning and environmental controlmeasures is contained in the Airport Planning Manual (Doc 9184), Part 2.That was the past……now the futureAerodrome Design and Operations Panel• First meeting, 9 – 13 Feb 2015• Job card on airport master planning created• Airport Master Planning Task Force (AMPTF) Aerodrome Design and Operations Panel• Third Meeting, 26 – 29 March 2018• See ADOP/3 – WP/9• Provisions developed• Supported by updated guidance in Doc 9184 Part 1 (work ongoing)Airport Planning Manual (Doc 9184)• 1st Edition – 1967• 2nd Edition – 1987• 3rd Edition – 2019 (expected)– SECTION 1– SECTION 2– SECTION 3– SECTION 4Airport Planning Manual (Doc 9184)• Job card Leader: David Stewart (IATA)• Section 1: Airport Planning Process : Hendrik Orsinger (PASCALL & WATSON)• Section 2: Airside Development : Marco Plarre (JACOBS)• Section 3: Landside Development : Martin Landry (ARUP)• Section 4: Airport Ops & Support Elements : Russell Blank (LANDRUM & BROWN)ICAO publications related toAerodrome Master Planning• Appendix B of Doc 9184 Part 1• 5 Annexes• 1 PANS• 35 Manuals : aerodromes, facilitation, CNS, Env, Sec, traffic forecasting,statistics, charges, etc.Where do we go from here..• ANC Preliminary Review (Oct 2018)• State letter consultation (Q4/2018)• Secretariat analyses (Q2/2019)• ANC Final Review (Q3/2019)• Council adoption (Q1/2020)• SARPs applicable (Q4/2020)MUCHAS [email protected]

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