developing your research proposal | My Assignment Tutor

1Sessions 9 and 10: Choosing a research topic anddeveloping your research proposalICTM Module Delivery TeamBy the end of the session, the student will be able to: Understand the characteristics of a good research topic Generate and refine research topic ideas Write a research proposalICTM Module Delivery Team1 22 ICON College of Technology and ManagementGlobal Economies and International Markets: Business and Management Research, Reflective Diaries – Weeks 9 Activities PlannerWk1StepsDescriptionExample Activity TypesTool that will support this activity1Introduction(Informinglearners oftheobjective)Introduction of the concept of researchObjectives: By the end of the session students should be able to:Explore the characteristics of a good research topicUnderstand how to generate and refine a research topic ideaDevelop and write a research proposalStudents identify a potentialresearch topic and bring themto the sessionTopics covered during the past weeks areposted in the forum to help student developresearch topics2Lecturesand deliverymethodSession 9: Choosing a research topicCharacteristics of a good research topicGenerating and refining research topic ideasDeveloping your research proposalWriting your research proposalPresentation, video on “TipsFor Choosing a GoodResearch Topic”Kaltura – My Media url to video.Lecture material on ICON VLE3ActivityIn Breakout rooms, studentsDescribe factors to be considered in choosing a research topicEvaluate group member’s research topicsGroup reports and comments from other groupsGroup reports of summariesof the factors to be consideredin choosing a research topicBreakout Rooms in Kaltura4ReflectionandFeedbackSummaries of group discussions are shared with the entre class.Students are encouraged to submit their topics into the FormativeFeedback FolderStudents are divided intogroups in breakout room toshare their summaries of theimportance of environmentalfactors on an organisation oftheir choiceICON VLE and Kaltura5Consolidation andIntegrationStudents share their summaries of the factors to be considered inchoosing a research topic. These summaries are uploaded ontothe ICON VLEFeedback; Reflective journal –students keep a record ofsummaries of the factors to beconsidered in choosing aresearch topicKaltura and ICON VLE ICTM Module Delivery Team ICON College of Technology and ManagementGlobal Economies and International Markets: Business and Management Research, Reflective Diaries – Weeks 10 Activities PlannerWk1StepsDescriptionExample Activity TypesTool that will support this activity1Introduction(Informinglearners oftheobjective)Introduction of the concept of researchObjectives: By the end of the session students should be able to:Explore the characteristics of a good research topicUnderstand how to generate and refine a research topic ideaDevelop and write a research proposalStudents read an articlewriting a research proposal inthe VLEResearch Proposal ExamplesArchives – The WritePassJournal : The WritePassJournalTopics covered during the past weeks areposted in the forum to help student developresearch topics2Lecturesand deliverymethodSession 9: Choosing a research topicCharacteristics of a good research topicGenerating and refining research topic ideasDeveloping your research proposalWriting your research proposalPresentation, video onWriting a research proposalKaltura – My Media url to video.Lecture material on ICON VLE3ActivityIn Breakout rooms, studentsExplain the qualities of a good research proposalAn outline of a research proposalGroup reports of summariesof the factors to be consideredin choosing a research topicBreakout Rooms in Kaltura4ReflectionandFeedbackSummaries of group discussions are shared with the entre class.Students are encouraged to submit their outlines into theFormative Feedback folderStudents are divided intogroups in breakout room toshare their summaries of thequalities of a good researchproposalICON VLE and Kaltura5Consolidation andIntegrationStudents share their summaries of the outlines of a researchproposal.These summaries are uploaded onto the ICON VLEFeedback; Reflective journal –students keep a record ofsummaries of the qualities ofa good research proposalKaltura and ICON VLE ICTM Module Delivery Team3 43Introduction Students identify a potential research topic and bringthem to the session In Breakout Rooms, students share their research topicsand discuss them based on:◦ Why was the topic chosen?◦ What it is good about the topic?◦ How can the topic be improved?ICTM Module Delivery TeamICTM Module Delivery Team5 64Characteristics of a good research topicAlice: Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to walkfrom here?Cat: That depends on a good deal on where you want toAlice: I don’t much care whereCat: Then it doesn’t matter which way you walkSource: Alice’s adventure in Wonderland (Carroll 1989:63-4)MoraleWhat do you want to do?Leads to strategy, data collection and analysis techniquesICTM Module Delivery TeamCharacteristics of a good research topic➢ Should meet the assessment criteria➢ You should be capable of undertaking it• Will you develop the required to research the topic• Do you have a genuine interest in the topic• Financial resources• Time• Access to the data➢ The research should be linked to theory➢ Clearly defined research questions and objectivesICTM Module Delivery Team7 85Characteristics of a good research topicShould meet the following criteria➢ Capability: is it feasible?▪ Is the topic something with which you are really fascinated?▪ Do you have, or can you develop within the project time frame, thenecessary research skills to undertake the topic▪ Is the research topic achievable within the available time?▪ Will the project still be current when you finish your project?▪ Is the research topic achievable within the financial resources that arelikely to be available?▪ Are you reasonably certain of being able to gain access to data you arelikely to require for this topic?ICTM Module Delivery TeamCharacteristics of a good research topic➢ Appropriateness: is it worthwhile?▪ Does the topic fit the specifications and meet the standards set by theexamining institution?▪ Does the research topic contain issues that have a clear link to theory?▪ Are you able to state your research question(s), aim and objectivesclearly?▪ Will your proposed research be able to provide fresh insights into thistopic?▪ Does your research relate clearly to the idea you have been given(perhaps by an organisation)?▪ Are the findings for this research topic likely to be symmetrical (of similarvalue whatever outcome?▪ Does the research topic match your career goals?ICTM Module Delivery Team9106ICTM Module Delivery TeamCharacteristics of a good research problem The problem can be stated clearly and concisely The problem generates research questions It is grounded in theory It relates to one or more academic fields of study It has a base in the research literature It has potential significance/importance It is do-able within the time frame, budget Sufficient data are available or can be obtained The problem is new; it is not already answered sufficientlyICTM Module Delivery Team11127Characteristics of a good thesis research problemThe problem can be stated clearly and concisely Unless the problem can be stated clearly and concisely it isprobably a poor problem or a non-problem The best way to test the problem statement is to write it into aconcise sentence or paragraph and to share it with others If the problem cannot be stated in a clear paragraph it has difficultiesand will not endure as a suitable problemThe Problem Generates Research Questions Problem should generate a number of more specific researchquestions These research questions make the more general statement easierto address and provide a framework for the researchICTM Module Delivery TeamCharacteristics of a good thesis research problemIt Is Grounded in Theory Should have a theoretical and/or conceptual framework Relates to specifics of what is being investigated to a more generalbackground of theory which helps interpret the results and link it tothe fieldIt Relates to One or More Academic Fields of Study Good problems relate to academic fields which have adherents andboundaries Typically have journals to which adherents relate Research problems which do not have clear links to one or two suchfields of study are generally in troubleICTM Module Delivery Team13148Characteristics of a good thesis research problemIt Has a Base in the Research Literature A well-stated problem will relate to a research literature Tight problems often relate to a well-defined body of literatureIt Has Potential Significance/importance This is the important ‘so what’ question: Who cares once you solvethe problem? Assume that you have solved the problem and answered thequestions and then ask yourself if you are any further ahead Problem must have importance to the researcher, and to othersICTM Module Delivery TeamGroup ActivitiesDescribe factors to be considered in choosing aresearch topicEvaluate group member’s research topicsICTM Module Delivery Team15169Characteristics of a good thesis research problemIt Is Doable Within the Time Frame, Budget There are logistic factors in terms of your ability actually to carry out theresearch There is no point pursuing a problem which is not feasible to research Do not do a study of education in distant country unless you have themeans to go there and collect data ̶ which may require more time to collectSufficient Data Are Available or Can Be Obtained In some cases, there are insufficient data to address the problem Archival materials may be lost, or there may be restrictions on access tocertain environmentsThe problem is new; it is not already answered sufficiently Why would you study an old problem?ICTM Module Delivery TeamSession 10ICTM Module Delivery Team171810There are a range of techniques can be used to find andselect a topic that you would like to research: those thatpredominantly rational thinking and those that involvemore creative thinkingICTM Module Delivery TeamPredominantly rational thinkingtechniquesPredominantly creating thinkingtechniquesRational thinking Examining your own strengthsand interests Examining staff researchinterests  Looking at past project titles Discussion Searching existing literature Scanning the mediaCreating thinking Keeping a notebook of yourideas Exploring personalpreferences using pastprojects Exploring relevance tobusiness using the literature Relevance trees BrainstormingICTM Module Delivery Team192011Rational thinkingExamining your own strengths and interests Choose a topic in which you are likely to do well and, if possible,already have some academic knowledge As part of your reading, be able to focus more precisely on the sortof ideas about which you wish to conduct your research Think about your future If you plan to work in financial management it would be sensible tochoose a research project in the financial management field One part of your course that will inevitably be discussed at any jobinterview is your research project A project in the same field will provide you with the opportunity todisplay clearly your depth of knowledge and your enthusiasmICTM Module Delivery TeamRational thinkingExamining staff research interests➢ Follow the links within your institution’s website to the profile pages ofacademic staff➢ These pages are likely to display information about their teaching andresearch interests➢ Use this as a funnel to help you to explore and generate research ideas inwhich you would be interested for your own project➢ These pages will provide you with the overall subject area taught by eachmember of staff (e.g., accounting, international management, marketing,strategic management)➢ Lists of publications and conference papers with hyperlinks to onlinecopies may be included➢ Working through this information may allow you to generate ideas for yourown research and guide you to some initial reading to test this interestICTM Module Delivery Team212212Rational thinkingLooking at past project titles➢ Useful way of generating research ideas➢ For undergraduate and taught master’s degrees these are oftencalled dissertations➢ For research degrees they are termed theses➢ A common way of doing this is to scan your university’s list of past projecttitles for anything that captures your imagination➢ Titles that look interesting or which grab your attention should be noteddown, as should any thoughts you have about the title in relation to yourown research idea➢ The fact that a project is in your library is no guarantee of the quality of thearguments and observations it containsICTM Module Delivery TeamRational thinkingDiscussion➢ Colleagues, friends and university tutors are all potentially good sourcesof possible research ideas.➢ Ideas can also be obtained by talking to people who work in or have directexperience of the topic area in which you are interested to develop aresearch idea – managers and other practitioners such as accountants,business analysts, marketing executives, human resource administrators,purchasing or sales staff as well as many others➢ Self-employed people and small business owners may be useful to talk todepending on your proposed topic area.➢ Members of professional groups or workplace representatives may alsoprovide you with insights that help to generate research ideasICTM Module Delivery Team232413Rational thinkingSearching existing literature➢ Types of literature that are of particular use for generating research ideas.These include:➢ • articles in academic journals;➢ • articles in professional journals;➢ • reports;➢ • books➢ Academic journal articles – produce a theoretical contribution and willtherefore contain a section that reviews literature relevant to the article’stopic area➢ Reports – articles published in academic management journals arepredominantly based on research that finds new ways to investigatearound existing theoretical perspectives. Approach called ‘gap spotting’,suggesting it results in incremental changes in theory➢ Searching for publications only possible when you have at least someidea of the area in which you wish to undertake your researchICTM Module Delivery TeamRational thinkingScanning the media➢ Keeping up to date with items in the news can be a very rich source ofideas➢ Stories which occur every day in the ‘broadsheet’ or ‘compact’newspapers, in both online and traditional print versions, may provideideas which relate directly to the item (e.g. the extent to which items soldby supermarkets contravene the principles of ‘green consumerism’ byinvolving excessive ‘food miles’ in order to import them)ICTM Module Delivery Team252614Creative thinkingKeeping a notebook of your ideas➢ This involves simply noting down any interesting research ideas asyou think of them and, of equal importance, what sparked off yourthought➢ You can then pursue the idea using more rational thinkingtechniques laterICTM Module Delivery TeamCreative thinkingExploring personal preferences using past projects➢ By reading through a number of past project reports from youruniversity.➢ To get started you need to search through these and select anumber that you like and a number that you do not like➢ For each project that you like, note down your first thoughts inresponse to each of the following questions:➢1 What do you like in general about the project?➢2 Why do you like the project?➢3 Which ideas in the project appeal to you?➢ This helps to understand those project characteristics that areimportant to you and with which you feel comfortable.ICTM Module Delivery Team272815Creative thinkingExploring relevance to business using the literature➢ Discussion – see above➢ Articles based on empirical studies may also provide you withresearch ideas.➢ Creatively approaching the literature to convert existing work into arelevant and specifically applied study may provide you with a richand valuable research ideaRelevance trees (similar to mind mapping)➢ You start with a broad concept from which you generate further(usually more specific) topics➢ Each of these topics forms a separate branch from which you cangenerate further, more detailed sub-branches➢ As you proceed down the sub-branches more ideas are generatedand recorded.ICTM Module Delivery TeamCreative thinkingBrainstorming➢ Best undertaken with a group of people, although you can brainstorm onyour own➢ Stages of brainstorming➢ 1. Defining the problem – Focus on the sorts of ideas you are interested in– as precisely as possible➢ 2. Asking for suggestions – related to the problem.➢ 3 Recording suggestions – observe the following rules:➢ • No suggestion should be criticised or evaluated in any way before allideas have been considered.➢ • All suggestions, however wild, should be recorded and considered.➢ • As many suggestions as possible should be recorded➢ 4 Reviewing suggestions – explore what is meant by each as you reviewthese.➢ 5 Analysing suggestions – work through the list of ideas and decide whichappeal to you most as research ideas and why’ICTM Module Delivery Team293016Refining research ideasThe Delphi technique➢ One approach to this, known as ‘Policy Delphi’, encourages theidentification of refinements or alternatives to an initial research idea. Itinvolves using an informal group of people, such as some of yourclassmates or colleagues who are interested in the initial idea, to generaterelated ideas, evaluate these and perhaps to arrive at a consensus arounda specific research idea (Paraskevas and Saunders 2012). To use thistechnique you need: (Continue page 38)ICTM Module Delivery TeamExplain the qualities of a good research proposalOutline of a research proposalICTM Module Delivery Team313217Saunders, M., Lewis, P. and Thornhill, A. (2016). ResearchMethods for Business Students, (7th ed), Harlow, PearsonEducation Ltd.https://www.slideshare.net/AnkitBist/characteristics-and-criteriaof-good-researchICTM Module Delivery TeamICTM Module Delivery Team3334

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