Assessment 2B: Cognitive Function Data AnalysisStarted: 27 Jan at 21:51Quiz instructionsASSESSMENT 2 PART BCognitive function data analysis [30 marks]You are working on a research project for the state government. They want to know whether leadingan active, culturally-engaged lifestyle might protect people against cognitive decline in older age.Data have already been collected, and your job is to begin to analyse the data and report the results.As part of this process, you will need to answer the questions below.The dataThe data you will analyse are loosely based on a previous study by Fancourt and Steptoe (2018).These researchers examined a large, rich dataset from over 3,000 participants aged over 50 andliving in England, forming a nationally representative cohort. The participants were assessed in2004–2005 (“baseline”) and then again in 2014–2015 (i.e., “follow-up” after 10 years).At baseline, participants were asked about how often they go to Arts events/venues, and to thecinema. Additionally, their cognitive function was assessed, as described below. At follow-up,cognitive function was re-assessed. Cognitive-change scores in your datafile capture the change incognitive function between baseline and follow-up.You will analyse a smaller (fictitious) version of the Fancourt and Steptoe (2018) data. For your report,imagine you are working with a representative subset of the real data.To analyse the data, you will need to:1. Download the Assessment 2B.csv dataset.2. Open the dataset in JASP.The variables in the dataset are as follows:ParticipantID: Participant ID number.Age: Age at baseline in years.Sex: Self-identified as male (M), female (F), or other (O).ArtsAttend: Baseline self-report of how often s/he attends galleries, museums, the theatre orconcerts. Scores of 0 to 5, corresponding to: ‘never’, ‘less than once a year’, ‘about once ortwice a year’, ‘every few months’, ‘about once a month’ or ‘twice a month or more’.CinemaAttend: Baseline self-report of how often s/he goes to the cinema. Scores of 0 to 5,Quiz: Assessment 2B: Cognitive Function Data Analysis https://myuni.adelaide.edu.au/courses/63457/quizzes/91415/take1 of 13 1/02/2021, 2:27 amcorresponding to: ‘never’, ‘less than once a year’, ‘about once or twice a year’, ‘every fewmonths’, ‘about once a month’ or ‘twice a month or more’.CognitiveChange: Change score in cognitive measures between baseline and the follow-upafter 10 years. This is a composite score based on a recall memory task and a word fluencytask, in which participants are asked to think of as many words from a particular category aspossible within 1 minute. The baseline score is subtracted from the follow-up score, so apositive score reflects an increase in performance over the 10 years, a negative score reflects adecline in performance, and a score of zero means there was no change.Write your answers to the questions in the space provided. There will be a separate textbox for eachquestion. Each question will give you a guide to the expected length of your response and the pointsallocated to each question. Refer to the Marking guidelines to see the criteria for each question.When you have answered all the questions, select ‘Submit quiz’ to submit your answers for grading.ReferenceFancourt, D., & Steptoe, A. (2018). Cultural engagement predicts changes in cognitive function inolder adults over a 10 year period: findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. ScientificReports, 8, 10226.
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