xpand Foundation activities report | My Assignment Tutor

xpand Foundation activities report January 2020Simple action | Many people | Big impactXpand FoundationThe xpand Foundation is a social enterprise committed to an inclusive society that values themeaningful livelihood and happiness of every individual.The xpand Foundation creates and supports locally controlled enterprises that encourage socialinclusion of disadvantaged people to build their social and economic participation in a societycommitted to a green future.Our approach to sustainable development is to use social enterprise to deliver broad-based economicgrowth creating employment and income earning opportunities for low income women and menleading to a lasting reduction in poverty. The focus is very much on the generation of ‘common wealth’rather than ‘individual wealth’. The model of social enterprise were individuals are paid for theircontribution to the whole, but no individual will benefit above others simply through enterprise orbusiness ownership.MissionThe xpand Foundation is committed to an inclusive society through the promotion of health and wellbeing and empowering communities by putting an ‘earned dollar’ in a person’s pocket to movebeyond charity and aid to value the viable livelihood and happiness of every individual.Objectives• Ending poverty and hunger and supporting sustainable living and lifelong learning• Promoting decent work, education and economic growth• Acting to combat climate change, manage forests and reverse land degradation• Encouraging global partnerships for international development through local control of socialenterprise.• Empowering women and children, (particularly girls), by increasing family income, facilitatingchildren’s education and creating family job prospects.Values• We work to create meaningful employment, build the economic capacity of the mostdisadvantaged in the community, including women, the elderly, the poor, the unemployedand those displaced to take control of their own lives.• We recognise the importance of human rights, and we work towards an inclusive civil anddemocratic society.• We treat all people as equal, with dignity and respect and without the threat of racial, sexualor physical abuse.• We practice sustainable use of the worlds natural resources and replenish what we take,where we can.• We promote innovation and the exploration of ideas.xpand Foundation activities report January 2020Human rights• We recognise the importance of human rights, and understand that rights have associatedresponsibilities shared by people who espouse an inclusive civil and democratic society.Ethics• We each have the right to be told the truth, to be treated with dignity and to be accordedrespect for our human integrity.• We all have the responsibility to behave morally and to contribute to social values.Integrity• We each have the right to be treated as a whole, valued individual.• We all have the responsibility to treat others equitably without the threat of racial, sexual orphysical abuse, irrespective of income, ability or status.Sustainability• We each have the right to material sustenance and physical wellbeing.• We all have the responsibility to practice sustainable use of the world’s natural resources.Inclusion• We each have the right of access to community services including online information services,without discrimination on the grounds of income, ability or location.• We all have the responsibility to be inclusive and encourage access to information and ideasincluding to online information services.Empowerment• We each have the right to education and skills development to enable full communityparticipation.• We all have the responsibility to ensure that those most disadvantaged in the community,including women, the elderly, the poor, the unemployed and those with disabilities areempowered to take control of their lives.Innovation• We each have the right of access to the latest ideas relevant to our lives.• We all have the responsibility to promote innovation and the exploration of ideas in order toencourage happy and effective lives.The work of xpand Foundation would not be possible without the generous support of the PMFFoundation. PMF have been alongside of the xpand Foundation for the journey. This has enabledxpand to be agile and responsive to community need as the WithOneSeed program has evolved.Having such a trusting, supportive relationship has allowed the WithOneSeed program to develop asustainable model of development.The xpand Foundation is extremely appreciative of the contribution made by all of the supporters andcollaborators listed at the end of this report.xpand Foundation activities report January 2020Simple action |Many people |Big impactOver the past year the primary focus of the work of the xpand Foundation has been on theconsolidation of the WithOneSeed community forestry program in Baguia, Timor-Leste and to workto establishing the model so that it can be managed in Timor-Leste by a Timorese entity. There isconsiderable interest in the community forestry model in Timor-Leste with five other communitiesjoining the program. Another successful Gold Standard performance audit was conducted.WithOneSeed community forestry program is the first social enterprise acting on climate changethrough community lead forestry in Timor-Leste. It is dedicated to improving the resilience ofsubsistence communities to make environments sustainable, to end poverty and hunger, to deliveropen education and to create regional partnerships.xpand Foundation has developed and supported the WithOneSeed program over the past nineyears. It is a community participation program which assists subsistence farmers in the reforestationof their land. It is now the first internationally certified carbon farming program in Timor-Leste underthe Gold Standard Foundation.It’s about environmental justice, social justice and economic justice and supports 10 of the 17 UNSustainable Development Goals. WithOneSeed also embraces the Universal Declaration of HumanRights. Both of these international standards provide a framework for our work.Our long-term vision is to develop social enterprise models that can contribute to building villagebased economies using environmental practices that are viable and support sustainable living. Puttingan earned dollar in a person’s pocket empowers them to make decisions for their own future. It isbeyond charity and aid.The program has four commitments to:> make environments sustainable> end poverty and hunger> increase education and training> build regional partnerships.Our approach is simple in its theory and application. We’re planting trees and planting ideas. Ourinnovation comes from the annual incentive payments made to subsistence farmers who maintain thetrees, paid from the sale of carbon credits into the international carbon market. If a subsistence farmerhas to choose between planting a cash crop or planting trees that may take 20 years to provide afinancial return, the choice is obvious. However, if we can make a cash crop from trees that sequestercarbon, the equation is quite different.The development of the TreeO2 smartphone app has introduced greater efficiency into themanagement of the new forests. TreeO2 enables the tracking of every tree by planting date, location,ownership and growth rates. Each tree has a unique ID through the use of RFID nails. Managedthrough an online dashboard a new level of transparency, accountability and confidence in thecommunity forestry model has been established.xpand Foundation activities report January 2020WithOneSeed community forestryThe xpand Foundation in partnership with the Foundasaun Ho Musan Ida has been developing andrunning the largest community lead agroforestry program in Timor-Leste since 2010. Working withsmall land holder subsistence farming communities Ho Musan Ida is dedicated to improving theresilience of rural and subsistence communities through the creation of activities focused on socialand economic participation for all people irrespective of location, ability, income or education.The Ho Musan Ida model has been developed and refined over the past ten years in Baguia.Track record and achievements to 2020.Ho Musan Ida community forestry started in Baguia, Timor-Leste in2009 and is the only internationally certified carbon offset program inTimor-LesteOver 980 Baguia farmers earning an annual income from communityforestryAround 200,000 trees under management with 40,000 added eachyearOver 60,000 t CO2e removed from the global atmospherexpand Foundation activities report January 2020More than 25,000 carbon credits sold internationally to companiesand individuals committed to carbon drawdownHo Musan Ida achieved the internationally certified carbon forestryprogram under the Gold Standard Foundation in 2016 and hasachieved the required performance audits in 2017 and 2019.MOU with the Government of the Democratic Republic of TimorLeste.Over US$300,000 paid into the Baguia village economyOver 5% of Baguia farmers directly benefiting financially from HoMusan Ida flowing on to just under 30% of the population15 permanent full-time jobs and 30 casual jobs created in Ho MusanIdaThree main nurseries and 18 sub nurseries producing over 50,000saplings a year.Established the John Tadeo Gusmao Agroforestry and PermacultureTraining Centre in Baguia.Baguia Farmer Finance Cooperative establishedInternationally recognised Master Tree Growers agroforestry trainingprogram established in Baguia and Covalima.10 of the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals beingaddressed by Ho Musan IdaSubsistence farmers are acutely aware of the devastation caused by soil erosion, the loss of cropsand the declining access to water. What is needed is education to allow them to devise goodstrategies for land management.The simple premise of the Ho Musan Ida Foundation philosophy is that by putting an ‘earned’ dollarin a person’s pocket gives them the power to make decisions for themselves and their family. It ismoving beyond charity and aid to a sustainable livelihood that delivers respect, self-esteem and selfreliance.To fulfil this philosophy subsistence tree farmers are required to be paid for their effort in plantingand maintaining the forest trees, from the outset of the program. This is a fundamental differencebetween the Ho Musan Ida program and other tree planting projects.Annual payments for managing and maintaining trees helps communities to build local economiesand grow sustainably. By boosting economic participation in subsistence communities, we can helpend poverty and hunger, create employment opportunities, raise living standards and improveinfrastructure.xpand Foundation activities report January 2020New opportunities to generate revenue from community agroforestry now exist through the sellingof stored carbon held in the new forests. As the world starts to really focus on the impact of climatechange there are growing opportunities in the international carbon market. Recent IPCC(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) reports (Oct 2018) acknowledge that Forests representa huge carbon stock, as well as providing opportunities for sustainable livelihoods and biodiversityconservation. This report suggests that restoration and conservation of forests alone could accountfor between 24-30% of the solution to climate change. This is being universally recognised, with over100 nations including forests in their climate pledges for 2025 or 2030.The Paris Climate Agreement comes into effect in 2020 and carbon pricing is already being factoredinto the business/finance models of many countries and businesses. Community agroforestry inTimor-Leste has the opportunity to tap into this market opportunity.Video of WithOneSeed ImpactIn the Mountains Of Timor-Leste, A Small Success On Climate ChangeJosé Ramos-Horta, ContributorFormer President, Timor-Leste, 1996 Nobel Peace Prize laureateInternational standardsTo ensure the credibility, transparency and accountability Ho Musan Ida follows a number ofinternational standards.Gold Standard Afforestation/Reforestation Carbon Certification.The WithOneSeed community forestry program is theonly internationally certified carbon farming programin Timor-Leste today. The program was first certifiedin 2016 and has undergone two performance auditssince one the most recent in 2019. Performance audit is a rigorous validation that the program isfollowing what are the requirements of the gold standard certification. This involves a review of allprogram documentation for site visit to meet with three farmers and confirm that they are in fullagreement and understanding of the program and also requires a detailed assessment of our carboncalculations. And independent auditor is then appointed who then visits the communities which areundertaking the reforestation activities and verifies the reforestation activities. Each performanceaudit provides an important opportunity for the community to review the re-forestation practices andalso enables a formal process through which the program can deliver education and knowledgebuilding activities throughout the community.WithOneSeed program successfully passed the 2019 performance audit and now has just over 24,000verified carbon credits to sell on the international carbon market. These carbon credits are sold on theinternational carbon market for US$18 each.The impact of the international certification on the success of the Ho Musan Ida mode cannot beunderestimated. A key to this is the ability to raise income from the sale of high-quality Gold Standardcertified carbon credits into the international voluntary carbon market. This income allows Ho MusanIda tree farmers to receive an annual incentive payment for the trees that they keep alive. The treesxpand Foundation activities report January 2020must remain in the ground for the period of the certification. After this time the farmers are able toselectively harvest trees for building, furniture making and sale according to discussions in theprogram. To mitigate the risk of “premature” cutting the program looks into the application of thetraditional law called “tara bandu” still being of high importance at the community level. It is alsoimportant to note that the trees are planted on private small holder land which means the ownershipof the tree is held by the farmer.UN Sustainability Development GoalsHo Musan Ida methodology also has been designed to address a number of the UN SustainableDevelopment Goals (SDGs).Ho Musan Ida particularly helps realise the SDGs by helping to:• end poverty and hunger and promote sustainable farming and lifelong learning• promote decent work, sustainable agricultural communities and economic growth• take action to combat climate change, manage forests and reverse land degradation• encourage local, national and global partnerships for sustainable development• empower women and children, and particularly girls, by increasing family income,facilitating children’s education and creating family job prospects.Universal Declaration of Human RightsFurthermore, Ho Musan Ida also embraces the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in stronglycommitting to:• the right to life, liberty and security of person• the right to work, to free choice of employment• the right to an adequate standard of living• the right to education• the right to full and free personal development available through community participationCommunity forestry methodologyWithOneSeed has developed a program methodology incorporating the key elements of the GoldStandard A/R criteria• Designed for small-scale farmers in rural areas• Designed for members of democratic community-based organisations able to contributeto social and economic development• Designed to provide reforestation with native or naturalised tree species• Designed to create a sustainable land-management planxpand Foundation activities report January 2020• Designed to use improve complementary livelihoods• Designed to be based on land title or certified community or customary ownership thatallows accountability for carbon reduction and• Designed to monitor, record and sell carbon stored• Designed to allow farmers to receive payments for carbon stored in trees• Designed to be replicated• Designed to meet Gold Standard Foundation standards through a communityconsultative process• Designed for farmer managed and owned land• Designed to encourage the development of local capacity, and minimise dependence onexternal support.Ho Musan Ida has four core commitmentsReforestationReforestation/agroforestry is a key response to global climate change. Itprovides a highly effective form of carbon capture and storage whilereducing soil erosion and degradation and improving the habitat and watertable. Ho Musan Ida works with subsistence farming communities in TimorLeste to establish village-based reforestation/agroforestry projects led bylocal Community Tree Cooperatives.Economic participationIncreasing social and economic participation in subsistence communities,helps end poverty and hunger, provides education and training, createsemployment opportunities, raises living standards and improvesinfrastructure. Ho Musan Ida makes annual payments to members of thetree farmers for managing and maintaining trees.Climate educationHo Musan Ida engages with the schools in Baguia to provide a program onclimate education. This program called Climate Education Week takesstudents, parents and interested community members into remnant forestwhere a range of educational activities that focus on climate adaptationand mitigation are undertaken. A key focus of this program is about treesand the importance of trees to the community. It is important that theyounger generations have a deep understanding of what the Ho Musan Idaprogram is doing. The long-term viability of Ho Musan Ida rests with thisgeneration.xpand Foundation activities report January 2020Regional partnershipsHo Musan Ida is building partnerships across the Asia Pacific region tobuild social and economic participation through educational, culturaland people-to-people links. Establishing productive relationships willensure the next generation understands their role and responsibilitiesas global citizens.TreeO2 technology InnovationA key part of the transparency of theWithOneSeed community forestry program is thetracking of every farmer and every tree he or sheplants. For the past 10 years this has been doneusing a Garmin GPS device. WithOneSeedcommunity foresters visit each tree farmer andtogether they GPS locate every tree. Thisinformation is then downloaded and mapped toallow the program to know exactly how manytrees survive each year. This information is alsoused to calculate the annual farmer payment which is based on the number of surviving trees on eachsmall holder farm. In 2019 just under AU$100,000 was paid to the Baguia tree farmers.In a year where a performance audit is conducted, sample plots are used and the circumference of arandom sample of trees is taken. This information is then used to calculate the amount of carbon thatis stored in the new forests. While this methodology has served the program well we are alwayslooking for ways to make the community forest management more efficient, accountable and reliable.Over the past 18 months a new and unique technology has been developed and trialed. The outcomehas been the development of a smartphone app called TreeO2. TreeO2 uses RFID nails which areinserted into each tree at breast height. Each farmer is provided with a WithOneSeed membershipcard, which also contains an RFID chip. This gives each farmer a unique ID and each tree also has aunique ID. The two ID’s are linked by the TreeO2 app which allows the program to record a range ofdata incl uding planting date, species, GPS location, circumference measurements, farmer paymentinformation. TreeO2 stores this information in a cloud-based server and this information can beanalysed at any time.xpand Foundation activities report January 2020A visualisation of the tree trackingThe TreeO2 smartphone app will play a significant role in managing the new forests and will deliversignificant efficiency and transparency gains. The app will also deliver cost saving in relation toperform ance audit costs.TreeO2 is being rolled out across the 1000 farmers tagging the 200,000 trees in 2020. This willsignificantly reduce time and costs in maintaining small holder community forestry programsanywhere in the world. This provides great confidence that what we say we are doing, we are actuallydoing.Governance & supportersThe BoardHayden Raysmith AM (Chair)Kylie Bodenham (Treasurer)Craig Kenny OAM (Secretary)Andrew Mahar AM (Executive Director)John Clarke (Director)Michelle Cheeh (Director)Arbel Givargis (Director)PatronDr Jose Ramos HortaDonorsPMF – Key long-term support for WithOneSeed programEnglish Family Foundation – Fit out of the Baguia FortDFAT – Agroforestry and Permaculture trainingxpand Foundation activities report January 2020CollaboratorsCorner Store NetworkOxfam TLTradewindsAustralian Agroforestry FoundationFriends of SuaiPermatilDisruptive MediaMullion GroupCovalima Community CentreDIK -RotaryRenewIndividualsDr Marnie Telfer – Carbon engineerLauren O’Rielly – PermaculturistJohn Tiliard – Solar lightingEducationMonash UniversityMelb UniversityGriffith UniversityMelbourne Business SchoolLegal adviceDa Silva Teixeira (Timor-Leste)BakerMackenziePollination GroupGold Standard AuditorPangolin AssociatesFinancial AuditorMcBain McCartinFurther information:Contact:Andrew Mahar AM+61 401009242. [email protected]


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