You are required to select any two topics from the following 15 topics that you would like todo. Students are required to submit each report as hard copy and upload a soft copy usingTurnitin assignment at UTSOnline.Topics:1. Describe the local solid waste management program in your residential area. Evaluate theadvantages and disadvantages of the current program.2. Draw a simple diagram of the solid waste collection route in your residential area. Whatare the important steps for establishing the solid waste collection routes? What do weneed to consider when laying out collection routes?3. People may have different opinions on waste recycling and reuse. Find out the debateinformation on why “Recycling Is Garbage”. Do a small survey (20-30 people) and findout how people feel about the importance of waste recycling and reuse (i.e. whether it’sreally necessary).4. Read the information online about “Is Human Activity Primarily Responsible for GlobalClimate Change?” (http://climatechange.procon.org/). What is your position on theclimate-change debate? Explain why.25. Explain why noise prevention and attenuation is importance for civil and environmentalengineering works. What noise mitigation strategies are currently used in constructionsites? Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of current methods.6. Assume that you are acting as a manager on a landfill site. The landfill activity has beencompleted and your responsibility is to monitor the key parameters of the landfill. Totake the postclosure care, explain what should be monitored and why they need to bemonitored for the landfill.7. The Woodlawn site is located 250 km south of Sydney, near Goulburn in New SouthWales. It was previously used as a copper, lead, and zinc open-cut mine and currentlyused as one of the largest landfill bioreactor projects in the world.After separating certain types of organics from mixed household waste for compostingpurpose, the remaining of the waste goes through anaerobic digestion to producemethane, which is used as fuel to generate electricity. Last ten years over 4 milliontonnes of waste has been turned into 34.5 million cubic meters of methane, and thecurrent capacity is 22.5 MW/day.(a) Describe the process of the landfill bioreactor.(b) List the advantages of this bioreactor over the conventional landfill system.More detail on:http://www.veolia.com/anz/our-services/services/municipal-residential/recoveringresources-waste/woodlawn-bioreactor8. On 21 February 2005, the Leuwigajah dumpsite, Bandung in Java, Indonesia wasaffected by a large waste slide due to heavy rainfall. It was the second deadliest wasteslide in history, which buried 71 houses and killed 143 people.(a) Find out the reasons for this waste slide(b) What preventive measures that could have been applied to avoid this accident.9. According to the environmental report of Campbelltown City Council, 21,145 tonnes ofwaste was dumped into landfill in 2012, while 40,469 tonnes of waste was disposed intolandfill in 2016 due to 91% increase in waste disposal rate. It is estimated that the figurewill increase up to 77,000 tonnes in 2017.To deal with this problem, an additional landfill site has been chosen at Picton, 36 kmaway from Campbelltown. The nearest school was 34 km, and closest residential areawas 28 km away from the site chosen for landfill. Additional information shows the localmarket and a lake is 5 and 7 Km away respectively from the proposed landfill site.Evaluate the environmental and social impacts of the proposed landfill site.10. Landfills may be designed with single or double liners constructed by soil, clay,geomembrane, plastic etc. Consider a landfill site where hazardous waste is disposed.1) What would be the suitable design of liner system for this landfill?2) Justify the function of leachate collection system from this particular type of landfill.311. Research about the waste management issues related to major processes (for example,pulping, thickening and bleaching) included in Paper & Pulp industry. Identify majorpollutants in these steps and the corresponding treatment strategies.12. Research about the current state of hazardous waste management of acid mine drainagein coal manufacturing industry in Australia and describe what factors affect themanagement and why.13. Radioactive waste: Issues with sources and treatment. Give 2 examples ofstates/nations/governments that manage this well.14. E-waste: What are the socio-economic and environmental issues? Give 2 examples ofstates/nations/governments that manage this well.15. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been shown to cause cancer in animals andevidence supports a cancer-causing effect on humans. Research about accidents related toPCBs: Issues and effects. Give 2 case studies.
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