Engineering Development Project | My Assignment Tutor

Tech Park CampusSchool of Professional EngineeringEngineering Development Project (Electrical)Progress Report 2021Variable Frequency DriveStudent Name: Manpreet SinghStudent ID:180009021Project supervisor: Helen ZhouProject moderator: Mark SchatzdorferAbstract““Variable Frequency Drive also calls to another name that is quite common inmarket variable speed drive use input frequency of voltage to control torque andAC induction motor’s speed. VFDs help to reduce the consumption of electricpower and increase motors efficiency by reducing the starting current.Furthermore, the VFD’s synthesised sine waves contain substantial harmonicmaterial. Commonly VFDs are used in an air handler, chiller, and tower fan toprovide a smooth start to motors. Quite often, VFDs installed in industriesprocess.Conventional single-speed motor safety employs a fixed value for the motor’sfull-load amperes, and safety elements compensate dynamically for the decreasedcooling available during low-speed service. We usually use VFDs in the motor’scontrol centre. Arc-flash security elements are able to increase the safety of VFDdriven motors.The VFD appears to distort the calculated signal, making data interpretation moredifficult. Motor current signals for induction motors have experiencedmechanical’s shifting Degrees and electrical faults like broken rotor bars androlling element bearing faults. These accompanied by a discussion of the signalprocessing techniques used to eliminate such a distracting effect. Mechanicalloading effects such as torque, unbalance, and misalignment loadings wouldaddress.Variable speed drive’s impact on the distortion of measured signals alsoaddresses how to use the information positively to improve the diagnosticcapabilities. The findings indicate that motor current and vibration measurementsneed a complete diagnosis of induction motor faults.Acknowledgements“I am so thankful to my supervisor Helen Zhou, who provide me with this greatopportunity by recommending me to take this project and help to amplify mystrength through sharing her knowledge. I would absorb several new things aboutAc induction motors, plc in these Multiple VFDs Controlling project usingGraphical user interface. They have a sincere appreciation for their encouragingguidance, continual support, and oversight during the current project. Second, Iwould like to thank the Manukau Institute of Technology for providing me withthe opportunity to study in New Zealand and Mr Mark Schatzdorfer for grantingme to enrol in this course. Here, I want to express my enthusiastic recognition tomy teammates, who helped me complete this project within the time restraints.”List of Figures1. Network Block Diagram………………………………………………….12. Program logic Controller…………………………………………………13. Rslogix5000………………………………………………………………24. Factory talk View…………………………………………………………25. Variable Frequency Drive………………………………………………..36. Graphical User Interface…………………………………………………37. Hardware Circuit Diagram……………………………………………….48. Human Machine Interface………………………………………………..49. Developed Ladder Diagram………………………………………………610. Program Tags in Rslogix5000……………………………………………7List of Tables1. List of Hardware…………………………………………………………..111.1 Connecting wires1.2 PLC1.3 VFDs1.4 Motors1.5 Computer1.6 Panel view2. List of Software…………………………………………………………..22.1 Factory Talk View2.2 RsLogix5000Contents1. Introduction………………………………………………………………82. Project objective .………………………………………………………..103. System design and developments…………………………………………114. Project achievement.…………………………………………………….135. Conclusion and future works..…………………………………………..146. Appendix…………………………………………………………………161.Network Block DiagramFigure.12. Program logic ControllerFigure.213. Rslogix5000Figure.34. Factory talk ViewFigure.425. Variable Frequency DriveFigure.56. Graphical User InterfaceFigure.637. Hardware Circuit DiagramFigure.78. Human Machine InterfaceFigure.849. Developed Ladder Diagram5Figure.9610. Program Tags in Rslogix5000Figure.1071.IntroductionVariable Frequency Drives (VFDs) can control multiple AC induction motors’speed and easily rotate forward and reverse durations. It allows for preciseregulation of the motor speed while also lowering energy consumption. ManyVFD brands would be brought on the market in this modern era. I explain in thisparagraphs that how a standard VFD works.Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) has become bread in a sandwich shop in themanufacturing and industrial globe. These days, in manufacturing industries, theyhave a common and crucial part. Besides it, VFDs have a relatively lower profilein the MEP ongoing time. They are hardly used in booster pumps or high-techHVAC systems, and they are not well known.VFDs are considered the best; in the modern world of motor speed control, theycan control three-phase AC induction motors. We can often see this thing if wehave ever attended an electrical machine’s class.N = (2*f*60)/PN= speed, F = frequency, and P = number of poles.All AC induction Motors or DC Motors always label them that providecomplete important information about motors. Due to a factor calls slip, theRPM label normally lower values than estimate information.Poles Speed (RPMs)When we do wiring motors into a 480 V designed circuit, then we have aVFD’s input 470 or 490 and output voltage 470 or 490, rated at 5 HP (3.75kW). Further, we can see how A VFD work. Commonly VFs are used only torectify incoming electricity. Electricity passes a series of diodes and does filterbefore the change to DC8Figure.1We connect the DC bus bar to an inverter that helps to convert Alternative currentto Direct current. We use Isolated Gate Bi-Polar Transistors technology ininverters since we have become able to transfer power at a variable rate, havingthe variable speed drive output to have at any frequency.Variable Frequency Device has been quite common these days in this modernworld because due to this device, we can easily control/change the speed ofmotors and torque how do VFD work, we can see as in the figure.1 above.92. Project objectives“Project primary aim is to build a VFD the speed control system that allows usin order to adjust speeds and output of multiple Power Flex 70 Variable SpeedDrives by integrating hardware such as Rockwell 1769-L32ECompactLogix5332E controllers, Panel View Plus 1000 touch screens, PowerFlex 70 Variable Speed Drive, Ethernet module 1756-ENBTA, and AS-Interface.The best performance to have at variable load connected at the motor’s output,use applications like as RS Logix 5000, Factory Talk View Studio, and AS-IControl Tools.We also store data in storage from VFDs to view all of the Panel View Plus touchscreen parameters in order to determine if the device is operating at the requiredparameters and output. We are also able in order to use the Panel View Plus touchscreens in order to adjust or measure VFDs parameter for smooth process works.This VFDs project aims in order to control and adjust the motor’s speed, likelyforwards and reverse. Individual motors can start and stop at various speeds inorder to perform others tasks at the same time. We also use an indicator monitorin order to see actually what speed the VFDs are operating and a simple buttonin order to clear all the VFDs’ faults during previous operations.”103. System design and developmentFigure.1Depicts how we use Ethernet and cables in order to connect all of our hardwareand software. It can see, the GUI has been downloaded onto the Panel View, andwe have become able in order to monitor operations directly through the touchscreen. The AS-I Module has being connected to the AS-I Master-Slave Scannervia an AS-I Serial Connectors.11RSLogix 5000 (Figure.3)“RSLogix 5000:- Here, we are using RSLOGIX 5000 in order to create all of thelogic in order to operate and monitor all of the parameters from various devicessuch as AS-I Modules, VFDs, Factory Talk View Tags and so on. If they havebecome active from the HMI, you can see if the states of the rungs change. Thefoundation of the entire project is RSLogix”.124. Project achievementsWe set up all hardware devices in order to communicate with software to monitorthe whole process of VFD control through different places. For instance, we cancontrol VFDs directly from the Human Machine Interface and the AS-I Module,and we can also clearly see the status of the AS-I module on the HMI screen ifanyone clicks a switch on the AS-I module.Panel View Plus touch screens, Rockwell 1769-L32E CompactLogix5332Econtrollers, VFD, Factory Talk View, and RSLogix5000 had become among thehardware-software used. Besides, I created a Ladder Logic Diagram with RSLogix5000 in order to control two Power Flex 70 Variable Frequency Drives withHMI.135. Conclusion and Future Work“We can now control two VFDs in order to perform any operation at the samespeed of two motors and operate both motors at different speeds and in differentdirections, and we have also interfaced the AS-I module with the PLC in order tocontrol and perform operations from the AS-I module. Furthermore, we createda link between the AS-I module and the HMI screen so that if anyone controlsthe operation of the AS-I module, it reflects on the HMI screen, meaning that datamonitor in real-time. We set up and configured various software and hardware inorder to complete the control and run two VFDs simultaneously with differentparameters.We are using the AS-I Module in order to provide a low-cost application with asimple interface. We can also see all slave status on the Human MachineInterface, making it simple to use so that a non-technical individual can start theprocess, as in small factories.”In the future, I will make all connection of hardware and software to run multiplemotors with a Variable frequency drive.””14References“ https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7503406https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7763153https://www.slideshare.net/rrsurani/introduction-to-vfdhttps://www.lynda.com/CAD-tutorials/Introduction-VFDs/5022335/2917600-4.htmlhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variable-frequency_drivehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motor_drivehttps://www.nrcan.gc.ca/sites/www.nrcan.gc.ca/files/energy/pdf/energystar/variable-frequency-drives-eng.pdfhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Programmable_logic_controller ’’15Appendix1. Project Budget162. Project time plan17

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