Slide 2 The â€œcommunityâ€ word originates from the Old French comunetÃ© and comes from the Latin communitas â€œcommunityâ€™, â€œpublic spiritâ€ (Rissman, 2010). The rural population is facing more health issues as compared to urban population. About one fourth of the US population live in rural areas (Castell, 2017). The residents of rural area are uninsured for longer periods of time, and receive less health care facilities including tests for different chronic conditions as compared to urban residents. Slide 3 The rural population faces poor mental and physical health issues as compared to urban population due to unhygienic conditions and lack of awareness. Further, the rural patients have to travel long distance for the treatment due to lack of ambulance and travel vehicles. The above figure talks about the proportion of adults in rural and urban areas with chronic conditions by gender. It has been identified from the figure that male and female of rural areas have higher proportion of chronic conditions as compared to male and female of urban areas. Slide 4 The Medicaid, SCHIP Beneficiary Improvements, Medicare and Protection Act of 2000 permits Medicare to totally repay the referring physician in a teleconsultation with a patient and consulting physician. The Act also allows Medicare to offer teleconsultations in most of the rural areas. Slide 5 SWOT Analysis is an abbreviation for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats and is a organized development technique that identifies those four elements of a business, venture or a project (Manktelow & Carlson, 2010). A SWOT Analysis can be performed for a place, industry, person, product, or company. It includes identifying the purposes of a project or business venture and recognizing the factors that can be favourable and unfavourable in order to achieve those objectives (Ghazinoory, Abdi & Azadegan-Mehr, 2011). Slide 6 This slide is discussing about the strength and weaknesses of Telemedicine which works as an initiative for the development of the health facilities in the rural areas. The strength and weaknesses are two internal elements that can affect the working of the initiative. This analysis helps in identifying and overcoming the weaknesses to provide better services. Slide 7 This slide is talking about the opportunities and threats of the Telemedicine initiative. The opportunities and threats are the two external elements affect the working. The health department should grab the opportunity of this initiative by allowing this facility to all the rural areas and along with this they should make some code of conducts to avoid the threats. Slide 8 Social determinants talk about the wider social factors, like social exclusion or income inequality that impact health and development outcomes. Social determinants are also considered as situations in the surroundings in which people are born, learn, play, live, work, age and worship that disturb the health, quality of life outcomes, and functioning (Wilkinson & Marmot, 2003). Slide 10 The rate of unemployment, for example, has an abundant effect on such issues as substance abuse, domestic violence, physical illness or depression. Economic inequality affects individualâ€™s level of stress, disclosure to violence and poisons, access to services, high-risk behaviour, educational prospects, and mortality rates. Slide 11 An expense that can directly traced to a particular cost object or cost centre such as a product, process, or department is known as direct cost (Accounting Explained. 2013). The cost of the network selected by the Telemedicine management and the payment to the physician for his/her services are counted under direct cost. Expenses that are not directly responsible for a cost object like specific, project, product, facility or functions are known as an indirect cost. These costs can be fixed or variable. References Accounting Explained. (2013). Direct Costs and Indirect Costs. Retrieved from: https://accountingexplained.com/managerial/costs/direct-and-indirect-costs Castell, M.D. (2017). Problems of Rural Life. Retrieved from: http://open.lib.umn.edu/socialproblems/chapter/14-4-problems-of-rural-life/ Ghazinoory, S., Abdi, M., & Azadegan-Mehr, M. (2011). SWOT methodology: A state-of-the-art review for the past, a framework for the future. Journal of Business Economics & Management, 12(1) 24â€“48. Manktelow, J., & Carlson, A.(2010). SWOT analysis: Discover new opportunities, manage and eliminate threats. Retrieved from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTMC_05.htm Rissman, R. (2010). What Is a Community? Raintree. Wilkinson,R.G, & Marmot, M. (2003). Social Determinants of Health: The Solid Facts. World Health Organization.
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