Acad 100 – Take Home | My Assignment Tutor

The link will automatically close at 11:55 pm.  Late exams will not be accepted and result in a grade of NP.                           Summer 2021 Final Exam Acad 100 – Take Home Final examination- All parts (A,B, C) of the exam must be typed in one word/PDF document and uploaded to the Final Exam Submission Link.   Section A – grammar, punctuation and sentence structure – worth 5%. In each of the following sentences contains a grammatical error.   State the grammatical problem in grammatical terms. An example has been provided.   Example: It’s easier to think about writing a research paper than to start one. Answer  A problem with parallel structure.   Section A – Grammar  1. An important part of my time at school have been the professors who have supported my academic goals. 2. She gave her father an expensive present after the argument. In spite of everything. 3. Before he had time to reconsider his decision Bobby jumped off the high diving board. 4. The dog was chasing it’s tail. 5. After eventually starting a game of cards, the evening felt more exciting. 6. She walked through the forest as quickly as she could all the while rain was soaking her clothes. 7. My brothers and I enjoy playing a game of football, we then have beers together when we are done.  8. People move to Canada for: the geography, the friendly people, and great schools. 9. It is easier to think about cleaning your room than it is to start this task. 10. The dorm room will be cleaned by Mary every Saturday. For sections B and C, short answers and short essay must be  double-spaced and typed using Times New Roman Font 12.  Section B – reading and responding to an essay – worth 10% Read the attached essay, “Scaring us senseless” by N. N. Taleb and then answer the following questions. 1. Summarize the thesis and key ideas of the essay in no more than 2 sentences. 2. According to Taleb, are human beings essentially rational or emotional creatures when it comes to avoiding danger? How does this standpoint affect our behaviour? 3. Why do you think that paragraph 11 consists of a one-sentence question? (See the one word sentence “How?) 4. Which point is supported with a quotation? Why is this quotation ironic? (See quote by Stalin that is highlighted) 5. What answer does the author offer to the question he poses in paragraph 11 (How?) Do you agree or disagree? Why? Section C – writing part of an essay – worth 10% 1. Choose one of the following arguable points, and then write the introductory paragraph and another paragraph that develops one key idea of the argument.  2. The introduction should be 3-5 sentences long and include a thesis.  The second paragraph should be 200-250 words long and include a clear topic sentence and be unified, cohesive and technically sound. 1. Males and females should (or should not) play on the same sports teams. 2. Parents should (or should not) be legally responsible for property damage caused by their underage children.  3. Private religious schools should (or should not) receive government subsidies. 4. Dishonesty is sometimes (or is never) the best policy. Section B Article   Scaring Us Senseless  By NASSIM NICHOLAS TALEB  Published: July 24, 2005 I WAS visiting London last Thursday when a second wave of attacks hit the city, just two weeks after the traumatic events of July 7. It is hard to avoid feeling vulnerable to this invisible enemy who does not play by known or explicit rules. Of course, that is precisely the anxiety that terrorists seek to produce. But its opposite — complacency — is not an option.  The truth is that neither human beings nor modern societies are wired to respond rationally to terrorism. Vigilance is easy to muster immediately after an event, but it tends to wane quickly, as the attack vanishes from public discourse. We err twice, first by overreacting right after the disaster, while we are still in shock, and later by under-reacting, when the memory fades and we become so relaxed as to be vulnerable to further attacks.  Terrorism exploits three glitches in human nature, all related to the management and perception of unusual events. The first and key among these has been observed over the last two decades by neurobiologists and behavioral scientists, who have debunked a great fallacy that has marred Western thinking since Aristotle and most acutely since the Enlightenment.  That is to say that as much as we think of ourselves as rational animals, risk avoidance is not governed by reason, cognition or intellect. Rather, it comes chiefly from our emotional system.  Patients with brain lesions that prevent them from registering feelings even when their cognitive and analytical capacities are intact are incapable of effectively getting out of harm’s way. It is largely our emotional toolkit, and not what is called ”reason,” that governs our capacity for self-preservation.  Second, this emotional system can be an extremely naïve statistician, because it was built for a primitive environment with simple dangers. That might work for you the next time you run into a snake or a tiger. But because the emotional system is impressionable and prefers shallow, social and anecdotal information to abstract data, it hinders our ability to cope with the more sophisticated risks that afflict modern life.  For example, the death of an acquaintance in a motorcycle accident would be more likely to deter you from riding a motorcycle than would a dispassionate, and undoubtedly far more representative, statistical analysis of motorcycles’ dangers. You might avoid Central Park on the basis of a single comment at a cocktail party, rather than bothering to read the freely available crime statistics that provide a more realistic view of the odds that you will be victimized.  This primacy of the emotions can distort our decision-making. Travelers at airports irrationally tend to agree to pay more for terrorism insurance than they would for general insurance, which includes terrorism coverage. No doubt the word ”terrorism” can be specific enough to evoke an emotional reaction, while the general insurance offer wouldn’t awaken the travelers’ anxieties in the same way.  In the modern age, the news media have the power to amplify such emotional distortions, particularly with their use of images that go directly to the emotional brain.  Consider this: Osama bin Laden continued killing Americans and Western Europeans in the aftermath of Sept. 11, though indirectly.  (Paragraph 11) How?  A large number of travelers chose to drive rather than fly, and this caused a corresponding rise in casualties from automobile accidents (any time we drive more than 20 miles, our risk of death exceeds that of flying).  Yet these automobile accidents were not news stories — they are a mere number. We have pictures of those killed by bombs, not those killed on the road. As Stalin supposedly said, ”One death is a tragedy; a million is a statistic.”  Our emotional system responds to the concrete and proximate. Based on anecdotal information, it reacts quickly to remote risks, then rapidly forgets. And so the televised images from bombings in London cause the people of Cleveland to be on heightened alert — but as soon as there is a new tragedy, that vigilance is forgotten.  Nassim Nicholas Taleb, who teaches risk management at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, is the author of ”Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and the Markets.”  The Final Exam Link opens today ( Wednesday August 18th) at 8:00 am. Your final must be submitted/uploaded to the Final Exam Submission Link on August 22rd before 11:55 pm.  The link will automatically close at 11:55 pm.  Late exams will not be accepted and result in a grade of NP.                           Summer 2021 Final Exam Acad 100 – Take Home Final examination- All parts (A,B, C) of the exam must be typed in one word/PDF document and uploaded to the Final Exam Submission Link.   Section A – grammar, punctuation and sentence structure – worth 5%. In each of the following sentences contains a grammatical error.   State the grammatical problem in grammatical terms. An example has been provided.   Example: It’s easier to think about writing a research paper than to start one. Answer  A problem with parallel structure.   Section A – Grammar  1. An important part of my time at school have been the professors who have supported my academic goals. 2. She gave her father an expensive present after the argument. In spite of everything. 3. Before he had time to reconsider his decision Bobby jumped off the high diving board. 4. The dog was chasing it’s tail. 5. After eventually starting a game of cards, the evening felt more exciting. 6. She walked through the forest as quickly as she could all the while rain was soaking her clothes. 7. My brothers and I enjoy playing a game of football, we then have beers together when we are done.  8. People move to Canada for: the geography, the friendly people, and great schools. 9. It is easier to think about cleaning your room than it is to start this task. 10. The dorm room will be cleaned by Mary every Saturday. For sections B and C, short answers and short essay must be  double-spaced and typed using Times New Roman Font 12.  Section B – reading and responding to an essay – worth 10% Read the attached essay, “Scaring us senseless” by N. N. Taleb and then answer the following questions. 1. Summarize the thesis and key ideas of the essay in no more than 2 sentences. 2. According to Taleb, are human beings essentially rational or emotional creatures when it comes to avoiding danger? How does this standpoint affect our behaviour? 3. Why do you think that paragraph 11 consists of a one-sentence question? (See the one word sentence “How?) 4. Which point is supported with a quotation? Why is this quotation ironic? (See quote by Stalin that is highlighted) 5. What answer does the author offer to the question he poses in paragraph 11 (How?) Do you agree or disagree? Why? Section C – writing part of an essay – worth 10% 1. Choose one of the following arguable points, and then write the introductory paragraph and another paragraph that develops one key idea of the argument.  2. The introduction should be 3-5 sentences long and include a thesis.  The second paragraph should be 200-250 words long and include a clear topic sentence and be unified, cohesive and technically sound. 1. Males and females should (or should not) play on the same sports teams. 2. Parents should (or should not) be legally responsible for property damage caused by their underage children.  3. Private religious schools should (or should not) receive government subsidies. 4. Dishonesty is sometimes (or is never) the best policy. Section B Article   Scaring Us Senseless  By NASSIM NICHOLAS TALEB  Published: July 24, 2005 I WAS visiting London last Thursday when a second wave of attacks hit the city, just two weeks after the traumatic events of July 7. It is hard to avoid feeling vulnerable to this invisible enemy who does not play by known or explicit rules. Of course, that is precisely the anxiety that terrorists seek to produce. But its opposite — complacency — is not an option.  The truth is that neither human beings nor modern societies are wired to respond rationally to terrorism. Vigilance is easy to muster immediately after an event, but it tends to wane quickly, as the attack vanishes from public discourse. We err twice, first by overreacting right after the disaster, while we are still in shock, and later by under-reacting, when the memory fades and we become so relaxed as to be vulnerable to further attacks.  Terrorism exploits three glitches in human nature, all related to the management and perception of unusual events. The first and key among these has been observed over the last two decades by neurobiologists and behavioral scientists, who have debunked a great fallacy that has marred Western thinking since Aristotle and most acutely since the Enlightenment.  That is to say that as much as we think of ourselves as rational animals, risk avoidance is not governed by reason, cognition or intellect. Rather, it comes chiefly from our emotional system.  Patients with brain lesions that prevent them from registering feelings even when their cognitive and analytical capacities are intact are incapable of effectively getting out of harm’s way. It is largely our emotional toolkit, and not what is called ”reason,” that governs our capacity for self-preservation.  Second, this emotional system can be an extremely naïve statistician, because it was built for a primitive environment with simple dangers. That might work for you the next time you run into a snake or a tiger. But because the emotional system is impressionable and prefers shallow, social and anecdotal information to abstract data, it hinders our ability to cope with the more sophisticated risks that afflict modern life.  For example, the death of an acquaintance in a motorcycle accident would be more likely to deter you from riding a motorcycle than would a dispassionate, and undoubtedly far more representative, statistical analysis of motorcycles’ dangers. You might avoid Central Park on the basis of a single comment at a cocktail party, rather than bothering to read the freely available crime statistics that provide a more realistic view of the odds that you will be victimized.  This primacy of the emotions can distort our decision-making. Travelers at airports irrationally tend to agree to pay more for terrorism insurance than they would for general insurance, which includes terrorism coverage. No doubt the word ”terrorism” can be specific enough to evoke an emotional reaction, while the general insurance offer wouldn’t awaken the travelers’ anxieties in the same way.  In the modern age, the news media have the power to amplify such emotional distortions, particularly with their use of images that go directly to the emotional brain.  Consider this: Osama bin Laden continued killing Americans and Western Europeans in the aftermath of Sept. 11, though indirectly.  (Paragraph 11) How?  A large number of travelers chose to drive rather than fly, and this caused a corresponding rise in casualties from automobile accidents (any time we drive more than 20 miles, our risk of death exceeds that of flying).  Yet these automobile accidents were not news stories — they are a mere number. We have pictures of those killed by bombs, not those killed on the road. As Stalin supposedly said, ”One death is a tragedy; a million is a statistic.”  Our emotional system responds to the concrete and proximate. Based on anecdotal information, it reacts quickly to remote risks, then rapidly forgets. And so the televised images from bombings in London cause the people of Cleveland to be on heightened alert — but as soon as there is a new tragedy, that vigilance is forgotten.  Nassim Nicholas Taleb, who teaches risk management at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, is the author of ”Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and the Markets.” 

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