CP70011E – Research Methods – My Assignment Tutor

Module Study GuideAcademic Year 2021–2022CP70011E – Research MethodsLevel: 7Credits: 20Copyright © 2021 University of West LondonPermission granted to reproduce solely for the purpose of teaching and learning at the University ofWest London and its approved academic partners.You are provided with study materials for your personal use only. You must not share these with othersor upload them to websites. Any student who is found to have shared materials, particularly forpersonal gain, will be subject to disciplinary action if appropriate.Table of contentsKey team contact details……………………………………………………………………………………………………41 Module overview 6Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6Module summary content and aims………………………………………………………………………….6Learning outcomes to be assessed………………………………………………………………………….6Indicative Contact Hours ………………………………………………………………………………………..72 Assessment and feedback 8Summative assessment grid …………………………………………………………………………………..8Assessment brief including criteria mapped to learning outcomes………………………………..8Learning materials……………………………………………………………………………………………….153 Things you need to know 16Engagement……………………………………………………………………………………………………….16Need help, just ask………………………………………………………………………………………………16Getting support for your studies …………………………………………………………………………….17Student support…………………………………………………………………………………………………..17Module evaluation – have your say!……………………………………………………………………….174 Appendix — Research ethics and integrity 18Research ethics guidance for students …………………………………………………………………..184.1.1 What is research ethics? Why it matters…………………………………………………………….184.1.2 Surely some types of research raise more ethical issues than others?…………………184.1.3 How will UWL help me understand and apply research ethics?……………………………184.1.4 Further guidance………………………………………………………………………………………………19Easy steps to ethical approval……………………………………………………………………………….194.2.1 How it works…………………………………………………………………………………………………….19Key team contact details Module LeaderDr Wei JieSubject Area & School/CollegeComputing, School of Computing & EngineeringEmail[email protected]Phone020 8231 2612LocationSt Mary’s Road, BY.03.016 Module TutorEmailPhoneLocation Module/Course AdministratorValentina BenedettiEmail[email protected]Phone02082312754LocationAcademic Schools Administration Centre, RoomHT.GF.004, St. Mary’s Road, Ealing Subject LibrarianEdyta KrolEmail[email protected]Phone020 8231 2787LocationPaul Hamlyn Library The Course Leader overseeing this module is• MSc Cyber Security: Dr Wei Jie, and can be contacted at [email protected]• MSc Information Systems: Dr Jose Abdelnour-Nocera, and can be contacted at [email protected]• MSc Software Engineering: Dr Ying Zhang, and can be contacted at [email protected]• MSc Applied Project Management: Ms Parisa Saadati, and can be contact at[email protected]• MSc Health Informatics: Dr Jose Abdelnour-Nocera, and can be contacted at [email protected]• MSc Artificial Intelligence: Dr Massoud Zolgharni, and can be contacted at[email protected]The Head of Subject responsible for this module is Dr Nasser Matoorian / Fehmida Mohamedali, andcan be contacted at [email protected] / [email protected]The Head of School/College/Dean of College responsible for this module is Professor Amir Alani, andcan be contacted at [email protected]The External Examiner responsible for this module is Dr David Kreps, National University of IrelandGalway.1 Module overviewIntroductionWe have introduced UWLFlex – our new, online, flexible learning platform.UWLFlex has been designed to complement face-to-face learning and build on our reputation forexcellence in teaching, learning and student support. We will be able to deliver a University experiencethat is more collaborative, active, and relevant for an increasingly digital world thus enabling us to provideyou with an improved student experience. UWLFlex will provide you with an enhanced range of onlinetools, to help facilitate your learning whether this takes place primarily on site or online.Module summary content and aimsThis module provides students with the skills to acquire and distil knowledge so that they are fullyprepared to undertake applied research at master’s level in general and in diverse areas in InformationSystems and Computing, in particular. Students will be able to come up with appropriate research ideasand to use appropriate data collection and statistical methods and tools to support them. A range ofresearch methodologies and strategies are discussed in helping students prepare a research proposalfor their dissertation. The assessment of the module prepares the student for the delivery of a dissertationproposal. You will be assigned a prospective dissertation supervisor who will support you on a one toone basis throughout the duration of the module and who will help you prepare a viable and qualityresearch proposal for your dissertation.This module will• Assist students in the various stages involved in undertaking a substantial and independent researchproject at MSc level, including choosing research topic, finding supervisor, writing research proposal,conducting literature review, developing research method and strategy, writing MSc dissertation, etc.• Enable students to plan and undertake research in various areas of computing subject.• Provide a deep and systematic understanding of the nature and conduct of research.• Enhance students’ abilities to develop research strategies and methodologies.• Develop students’ skills to critically understand research findings from the literatures of your researchareas or topics• Enhance students ability to identify and plan the development of transferable research skillsThis module is a pre-requisite for the MSc dissertation. Students need to pass this module before takingup their dissertation.Learning outcomes to be assessedOn successful completion of this module students will be able to: LO1Demonstrate a systematic and comprehensive understanding of the nature of research aswell as research techniques and skills LO2Critically review and analyse academic papers at the forefront of current research andadvanced scholarship in their research areas, and present reasoned arguments for or against the research topic under studyLO3 Critically evaluate research designs & methodologies and develop critiques of them and,where appropriate, to propose new hypothesesLO4 Present a critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights at the forefront of theirresearch areas, and demonstrate self-direction and originality in developing a researchproposal to underpin dissertation or research project.Indicative Contact Hours Teaching Contact Hours48 hoursIndependent Study Hours152 hoursTotal Learning Hours200 hours 2 Assessment and feedbackSummative assessment grid Type of AssessmentWordCountorequivalentThreshold(ifProfessionalBody-PSRBapplies)WeightingPassMarkIndicativeSubmissionweekMethod ofSubmission& Date ofFeedback(refer to BB)WrittenAssignmentLiteraturereview(element 1)1,500 –2,500N/A40%50%overallWeek9OnlinesubmissiontoBlackboardvia TurnitinFeedback in15 workingdaysDissertationproposal(element 2)2,000 –3,000N/A60%Week 15OnlinesubmissiontoBlackboardvia TurnitinFeedback in15 workingdays Assessment brief including criteria mapped to learningoutcomesAssessment task: AssessmentTitleDeveloping a dissertation proposalAssignmentweighting100% of moduleWeek dueElement 1: week 9; Element 2: week 15Timing offeedbackWithin 15 working daysStructure ofassignmentThis assignment has two elements. Each element has a specific weighting, and itsown criteria. The assessment is described below. The learning outcomes of themodule are assessed by a successful completion of both the elements.ElementTypeWeighting1Literature Review40% (module Learning Outcome LO1,LO2) 2Dissertation Proposal60% (module Learning Outcome LO1 –LO4)Element 1TitleConducting a literature review on proposed research topicTask detailssummaryYou are required to write a critical literature review on your proposedresearch topic/area. A minimum of 5 recent papers published onmainstream journals/conferences should be selected and reviewed.When selecting papers, you may wish to get your supervisor’sopinion as to its suitability. The report should be a minimum of 1,500words. The report should include citations to the papers selected andlisted in the references section.At this stage, you will choose a prospective dissertation supervisor,who will support you throughout the duration of the module inpreparing and evaluating element 2 (i.e., dissertation proposal).After the successful completion of this module (your dissertationproposal is approved), you will continue to work with your supervisorwho will guide you on your MSc dissertation project (in a dedicatedsemester for MSc Dissertation module), following your dissertationproposal developed through this Research Method module.SubmissionmethodOnline submission to Blackboard via Turnitin only• On the cover page of your report please clearly state the name ofyour supervisor. Any submission without the confirmation ofsupervisor selection will not be marked.• Any late submission shall be deemed to have failed to submit toassessmentElement 2TitlePreparing a dissertation proposalTask detailssummaryYou are required to write an MSc research proposal for your MScdissertation project. The proposal is between 2,000 to 3,000 words.Your choice of topic and dissertation format must be relevantto your programme of study and agreed as such by yoursupervisor. A general overview of a topic with references toliterature is not a research proposal and will not suffice. Broadlyspeaking, there are some basic types of projects:• Design and buildThe main activities include the development of a well-designedsoftware system for carrying out the particular task required by theproject: requirements analysis, specification, program design,implementation, system testing, documentation and maintenance.• ExperimentalThese projects involve the investigation and evaluation of a newpiece of technology. This may involve a substantial amount of(software / hardware) implementation and the application ofscientific measurements and investigations to ascertain itsproperties and usefulness. Such a project will necessarily have areport which will describe the theoretical foundations of thetechnology, a description of the implementation and theexperimental procedures used and an analysis of the results,together with an assessment of the relationship between theproject work and other published work.• Theoretical This type of projects tend to concentrate on introducing therelevant concepts with suitable examples, investigating furtherexamples, making and testing conjectures, developing theoremsand proofs, where appropriate, and assessing the results, withattention given in suitable cases to possible applications.• Literature analysisThis literature-based studies may follow a systematic literaturereview methodology and aim to answer a specific researchquestion. The work can be placed in a defined context and a criticaljudgment of the work can be made regarding its value, quality andcontribution to theory and practical application.Important notes for students on MSc Cyber Security course:• Your dissertation project must be on certain cyber securitytopic(s) that incorporates sufficient cyber securityelements/components in your research.• Your dissertation project is restricted to undertake practicalwork of some sort, most typically achieved by the creation ofan artefact as the focus for covering all or part of animplementation lifecycle. Dissertations based solely onliterature review activity and/or user/market surveys are notacceptable.The above points are in line with the British Computer Society (BCS)accreditation criteria for the MSc Cyber Security course.SubmissionmethodOnline submission to Blackboard via Turnitin only• On the cover page of your report please clearly state the name ofyour supervisor. Any submission without the confirmation ofsupervisor selection will not be marked.• Any late submission shall be deemed to have failed to submit toassessment Assessment criteria: TitleLiterature review (Element 1, weighting 40%)Task detailsYou are required to write a critical literature review on your proposed researchtopic/area. A minimum of 5 recent papers published on mainstreamjournals/conferences or suitable professional materials should be selected andreviewed. When you select papers you may wish to get your supervisor’s opinion as toits suitability. The report should be a minimum of 1,500 words and should include acitation and a copy of the papers you selected.CriteriaMax MarkYourMarkComment / FeedbackBackgroundTopic/area of study clearlyidentified;Background and context of thearea / topic to be investigatedwell presented10 CriticalAnalysisRelevant and appropriateliterature selected to thetopic/area of study (minimum 5recent papers published onmainstreamjournals/conferences);Critical analysis presented onthe strengths and limitations ofeach literature;Evaluation and synthesis ofliterature conducted andinference drawn20Referenceand CitationReference formatted in Harvardstyle and accurate;Citation style correct andconsistent5PresentationLogical and fluent organizationof review;Appropriate grammar,punctuation, spelling andlanguage use;Professional expression andstyle used consistently5Total40TitleDissertation proposal (Element 2, weighting 60%)Task detailsYou are required to write a research proposal on your proposed research topic/area.The proposal should be 2,000 – 3,000 words.CriteriaMax MarkYourMarkComment / FeedbackIntroductionSubject area well introduced;research issues to beinvestigated within the subjectarea clearly described5LiteratureReviewLiterature review improved inline with the feedback fromassignment 1, especially theanalysis, synthesis andevaluation of related literature5 Aims andObjectivesResearch questions clearly andspecifically defined;Motivation and importance ofproposed research welladdressed, and supported byliterature review;Aims, objectives and work scopeclearly defined – specific,measurable and achievable20MethodologyOverall research design andprocess described in detail;Method/approach well-arguedand justified15Project PlanTimeline and steps of the projectclearly outlined in a logical order;Research plan is realistic andachievable.5Referenceand CitationReference formatted in Harvardstyle and accurate;Citation style correct andconsistent5PresentationLogical and fluent organizationof the research proposal;Appropriate grammar,punctuation, spelling andlanguage use;Professional expression andstyle used consistently5Total60Grade descriptors for Element 1Your final mark should agree with the following grade descriptorsMark (Out of40)Descriptor32 – 40(80% andabove)• Topics/issues of study identified and clearly described;• Appropriate, relevant, and sufficient papers selected;• Outstanding evidence of systematic review of selected papers;• Outstanding evidence of appraisal and evaluation of most or all papers cited, clearcritical thinking;• Referencing and citations conform to standard and correct;• Review well-structured and presented with no grammar errors, logical and fluentorganization 28 – 31(70% – 79%)• Topics/issues of study identified and described quite well;• Appropriate and relevant papers selected, but insufficient• Very careful reviewing, systematic combinations of papers selected;• Evidence of critical appraisal of most or all papers cited;• Referencing and citations conform to standard and mostly correct;• Review well organized, some grammatical or spelling errors24 – 27(60% – 69%)• Topics/issues of study identified, and some descriptions presented;• Relevant papers selected, but neither most appropriate nor sufficient;• Evidence of reviewing, possibly incomplete but using appropriate approaches;• Some evidence of critical appraisal or partial critical appraisal;• Referencing and citations conforms to standard, but with incomplete and missinginformation ;• Clear organisation to the review, but may not always be logical or flowing;• Generally good presentation, a few errors, inconsistent spellings20 – 23(50% – 59%)• Topics/issues of study identified, and some descriptions presented;• Relevant papers selected, but neither most appropriate nor sufficient;• Incomplete and not systematic, but adequate to identify part of the literature;• Limited evidence of critical evaluation of papers cited;• Referencing and citations conforms to standard, but with some incomplete andmissing information;• Generally good presentation, a few errors, inconsistent spellings16 – 19(40% – 49%)• Topics/issues of study identified, with little descriptions presented;• Few relevant papers selected;• Fails to identify relevant and enough of the literature to yield an informativereview;• No evidence of evaluation of papers;• Referencing and citations not conform to standard, with some incomplete andmissing information;• Presentation below the standard, quite a lot of errors, inconsistent spellings4 – 15(10% – 39%)• Topics/issues of study not identified;• Irrelevant papers selected;• Little or no evidence of a systematic approach, incomplete review;• Little or no evidence of having read completely papers cited;• Referencing and citations not conform to standard, with considerable incompleteand missing information;• Presentation below the standard and frequently difficult to follow.0 – 3(0% – 9%)• Topics/issues of study not identified;• Fails to identify relevant and enough of the literature to yield an informativereview;• No evidence of literature review;• Little or no evidence of having read completely papers cited.• Referencing and citations not conforms to standard, with majority of incompleteand missing information ;• Unintelligible organization Grade descriptors for Element 2Your final mark should agree with the following grade descriptorsMark (Out of60)Descriptor48 – 60(80% andabove)• Topics/issues of study identified and clearly described;• Outstanding evidence of systematic review; Outstanding evidence of appraisal andevaluation of most or all papers cited, clear critical thinking; • Gap in knowledge about the topic well addressed and valid; motivation andsignificance of study well justified and solid;• Aims, objectives and work scope clearly defined; specific, measurable and achievable;• Proposed methods clearly explained; the rationale well justified, adequate and valid;• Major processes and milestones of the project well discussed, clear and feasible• Referencing and citations conform to standard and correct;• Proposal well-structured and presented with no grammar errors, logical and fluentorganization42 – 47(70% – 79%)• Topics/issues of study identified and described quite well;• Very careful reviewing of literatures, evidence of critical appraisal of most or all paperscited;• Gap in knowledge about the topic addressed and mostly valid; motivation andsignificance of study justified and mostly solid;• Aims, objectives and work scope clearly defined; mostly specific, measurable andachievable• Proposed methods explained; the rationale justified, mostly adequate and valid.• Major processes and milestones of the project discussed, mostly clear and feasible• Referencing and citations conform to standard and mostly correct;• Review well organized, some grammatical or spelling errors36 – 41(60% – 69%)• Topics/issues of study identified, and some descriptions presented;• Evidence of reviewing, possibly incomplete but using appropriate approaches; Someevidence of critical appraisal or partial critical appraisal;• Gap in knowledge about the topic addressed with certain validity; motivation andsignificance of study justified to certain points;• Aims, objectives and work scope defined; specific, measurable and achievable incertain sense;• Proposed methods explained; the rationale justified, adequate and valid to certainpoint.• Major processes and milestones of the project discussed, clear and feasible to certainpoint• Referencing and citations conforms to standard, but with incomplete and missinginformation ;• Clear organisation to the review, but may not always be logical or flowing;• Generally good presentation, a few errors, inconsistent spellings30 – 35(50% – 59%)• Topics/issues of study identified, and some descriptions presented;• Incomplete and not systematic, but adequate to identify part of the literature; Limitedevidence of critical evaluation of papers cited;• Gap in knowledge about the topic addressed but limited; motivation and significanceof study justified but limited;• Aims, objectives and work scope defined, but lack specific, measurable andachievable justifications;• Proposed methods explained; the rationale discussed, but lack adequate and validjustification;• Major processes and milestones of the project discussed, but lack clear and feasiblejustifications;• Referencing and citations conforms to standard, but with some incomplete andmissing information;• Generally good presentation, a few errors, inconsistent spellings24 – 34(40% – 49%)• Topics/issues of study identified, with little descriptions presented;• Fails to identify relevant and enough of the literature to yield an informative review; noevidence of evaluation of papers;• Gap in knowledge about the topic addressed but limited; little discussion on themotivation and significance of study;• Vague or poorly stated aims, objectives and work scope;• Vague or poorly explained methods; the rationale not discussed;• Processes and milestones of the project discussed but quite limited;• Referencing and citations not conform to standard, with some incomplete and missinginformation; • Presentation below the standard, quite a lot of errors, inconsistent spellings6 – 23(10% – 39%)• Topics/issues of study not identified;• Little or no evidence of a systematic approach, incomplete review; little or no evidenceof having read completely papers cited;• Very little discussion on gap in knowledge about the topic; very little discussion on themotivation and significance of study;• Vague or poorly stated aims, objectives and work scope;• Vague or poorly explained methods; the rationale not discussed;• Very little discussion on processes and milestones of the project;• Referencing and citations not conform to standard, with considerable incomplete andmissing information;• Presentation below the standard and frequently difficult to follow.0 – 5(0% – 9%)• Topics/issues of study not identified;• No evidence of literature review; little or no evidence of having read completely paperscited.• Gap in knowledge about the topic not addressed; no discussion on the motivation andsignificance of study;• No statement on the aims, objectives and work scope;• Methods not discussed; the rationale not discussed;• Processes and milestones of the project not discussed;• Referencing and citations not conforms to standard, with majority of incomplete andmissing information ;• Unintelligible organization For guidance on online submission of assignments, including how to submit and how to access onlinefeedback, please refer to the UWL Blackboard student-help pages at: uwl.ac.uk/blackboardhelpLearning materialsThe reading list for this module is available on Blackboard in the module area and online by searchinguwl.rl.talis.com. This shows real-time availability of books in the library and provides direct links to onlineresources, recommended by your lecturer.Remember to log into Blackboard daily to receive all the latest news and support available atyour module sites!Subject guides (subject-guides-libguides) are also available to help you find relevant information forassignments, with contact details of the Academic Support Librarian for your School.You are reminded that the University applies penalties to students who commit an academicoffence, in which case the Academic Offences Regulations will be used to deal with any cases ofacademic misconduct including examination offences, plagiarism, use of ghost writing servicesand other means of cheating to obtain an advantage.3 Things you need to knowEngagementTeaching at UWL during the academic year 2021-22 will be conducted using the UWL Flex model andmay involve a range of on site and online teaching and learning activities. Whether you are engagingwith teaching and learning activities on site or via the UWL Virtual Learning Environment (VLE), weexpect the same level of commitment and engagement from you. If you are unable to attend scheduledon site or online activities or complete activities in the time frames set out, you should let your tutorsknow. You should aim to stick to assessment deadlines; if you are concerned that you will not be able tocomplete your assessments on time, you should talk to your tutors. Your engagement, whether online oron site, will be tracked and if we see that you are not engaging, we will get in contact with you. However,we encourage you to let us know if you are having problems so we can work with you to find solutionsand get you back on track as soon as possible. Give yourself the best possible chance to succeed byengaging with the full range of learning and teaching activities available to you.All students should refer to the Attendance and Engagement Monitoring Policy particularly if your courseis accredited by a professional body, or if you are an International student on a Tier-4 visa, or a studenton an Apprenticeship course which have additional requirements.Need help, just askThe University recognises that there are times when you may encounter difficulties during your courseof study and provisions are made to help you. If you think you will be unable to meet deadlines pleasetalk to us, whether it’s your course/module leader, personal tutor or any member of staff, so they can getyou the support you need to succeed. You can extend your deadline if you have a good reason why youare not able to submit a piece of coursework on time, apply online for an extension before yourdeadline. If an extension is not sufficient and circumstances beyond your control are preventing youfrom completing your assessment, then you can, apply online for mitigation.Please remember late submission without extension or mitigation may result in penalties depending onhow late it is, see University Academic Regulations.You are encouraged to seek advice from the Students’ Union Advice Service; UWLSU support you withall aspects of your academic experience by providing advice and guidance to ensure you are fullyinformed of the academic regulations set out by the University as well as being an advocate for studentviews.You are expected to behave in line with UWL expectations, irrespective of whether your interactions withstaff and other students are in person or online. As you will be engaging with others online and with arange of online materials, it is important to consider how to stay safe online and ensure yourcommunications are secure and appropriate. If you have any questions about how to manage your onlineUWL activities, please contact your module leader.If you have an issue about the module, you should speak to your Module Leader or Course Leaderinformally in the first instance. Your Course Representative can also raise your concerns at CourseCommittees, which take place each semester. If you are unable to resolve it informally, you should referto the Complaints Procedure which is outlined in the student handbook and consult the Students’ Unionabout it. The University aims to ensure that issues are resolved informally as quickly as possible to haveminimum impact on your studies.Getting support for your studiesThroughout your course of study, you will have access to a wide variety of sources of support dependingon your individual circumstances and needs. Your first point of call for getting general academic supportis your Personal Tutor. As well as approaching your Module Leader with any questions specifically relatedto your module and your Course Leader with questions on your Course, do contact your Personal Tutoror Apprenticeship Support Link Tutor for academic advice in relation to your studies and your academicdevelopment.Apart from the University-wide support framework, which encompasses the Module Leaders, CourseLeader, the Subject Librarian, and your Course Administrator, you will also have at your disposal theUWL Engagement Team. The Engagement Team offers One-to-One Academic Support opportunitieshelping you to develop skills relevant to your degree. Academic Skills Workshops throughout the yearinclude the following:• Essay Planning and Writing• Critical Thinking• Reflective Writing• Group Work and Presentation Skills.Maths Support and English Language Support opportunities are available too. For more information orto register for weekly updates email [email protected] or you can visit the website to find outmore about the support offered by the Engagement Team, such as Peer Mentoring or online academicskills resources at: uwl.ac.uk/current-students/support-current-students/academic-supportStudent supportIn addition to the support listed in the previous section, there is also more help offered by UWL StudentSupport Services. The Student Hub is located in The Street at St Mary’s Road, Ealing campus, but offerdrop-in sessions at all UWL sites. They offer a wide range of support and advice services consisting ofStudent Advice, and Funding & Immigration advice; Careers; Counselling; Disability/Mental Health; Interfaith Advisor; Placement & Employment; Volunteering; Student Welfare; and Scholarships and Bursaries.You can book your 1-2-1 appointment at https://studenthub.uwl.ac.uk/Contact Student Services (general) for more information at [email protected] or call020 8231 2345.Module evaluation – have your say!Towards the end of the module you will be invited to provide some anonymous feedback to the ModuleLeader through an online survey. This is your opportunity to give some direct feedback about the modulethrough a series of questions and free text. Your constructive feedback will help the Module Leader andteaching team to understand the module experience from your perspective and helps inform thedevelopment of the module. At the end of the survey period, a response to the survey will be availableso that you can see exactly how your voice has been heard.4 Appendix — Research ethics and integrityResearch ethics guidance for students4.1.1 What is research ethics? Why it mattersYou will be asked to seek ethical approval for all your research projects undertaken in the course of yourstudies at UWL. Research ethics provides a framework for conducting research that might range from ashort questionnaire devised by an undergraduate student through to a multi-million-pound project carriedout by a group of professional researchers. All researchers, across all disciplines, should be mindful ofethical issues when planning, conducting, and reporting on their work.Research ethics works to preserve the safety and rights of research participants in addition tosafeguarding the well-being and integrity of the researcher, and the trustworthiness of the research. TheUniversity does not adhere to the principles of research ethics in order to prevent research taking place,but to facilitate good research; respecting the interests of all parties, mitigating risks to participants andresearcher, and delivering research outcomes that are robust.4.1.2 Surely some types of research raise more ethical issues than others?Yes. Typically, research that involves the following would raise ethical issues:• human subjects,• vulnerable individuals or groups,• personal data,• any type of clinical/physical intervention,• when conducted in a sensitive or potentially dangerous location, or• security sensitive informationThese ethical issues require appropriate planning in the design of the research to identify and mitigatethe risks to the participant or researcher.Interviewing people as part of your research or collecting their data, including your peers or friends oncertain issues to do a research project is, for example, a typical case where ethical approval is requiredto ensure that you have in place appropriate safeguards to protect their welfare. You must also ensurethat you will be protected if your research involves accessing areas or information that may pose a riskto you.Desk-based research centred on journal articles and books would be unlikely to pose acute ethicalissues, except in relation to the way the researcher might select the articles, and report on their findings.In any case, no research should be undertaken without research-ethics approval.4.1.3 How will UWL help me understand and apply research ethics?First and foremost, research ethics will be addressed by your tutor or supervisor as part of your teaching.It may also be part of your recommended reading. Different disciplines conduct a range of research usinga variety of approaches, so your teaching will cover ethical issues that are most likely to apply to yoursubject. If you have any questions about the design or conduct of research that you are planning, thenyou should seek the guidance of the tutor responsible for the module.Secondly, UWL operates an Online Research Ethics Risk Assessment system that you are required tocomplete before commencing your project. This assessment helps the University to identify and improveresearch projects that might raise ethical issues. Just as importantly it will help you work through thepotential ethical dimensions of your research in a structured step-by-step way and to ensure thatappropriate safeguards are in place.4.1.4 Further guidanceThis guidance should be read in conjunction with the Research Governance Policy and UniversityResearch-Ethics Code of Practice, and the Data-Protection Act:http://www.uwl.ac.uk/research/supporting-research/research-strategy-and-codes-practiceApplying for ethics approval – here is the link to the ‘Research-ethics and integrity risk assessment form’.Easy steps to ethical approval• Remember, the ethics application form must be submitted and approved before any researchproject starts and before any potential participants are approached.• Make sure you have discussed any possible ethical issues with your Supervisor/Tutor/ModuleLeader before submitting your application. You need your Supervisor’s/ModuleLeader’s/Tutor’s approval and feedback on your proposal and any other complementarydocuments you will be required to upload before getting started with the online approval.• All ethics applications are completed online. Here is the link to the School/College.• You don’t have to complete the form in one go – you can save and finish it laterAt various points you will be asked to upload documents. Your application cannot be processedwithout these. You are advised to first type your project description in a Word Document (this isgood practice for all applications and research proposals generally). Make sure you include thefollowing where your project utilises these research methods and instruments (A and B compulsory forall projects):A. The completed risk assessment formB. A completed Project ProposalC. A participant-information sheetD. An informed-consent formE. A copy of interview questions and/or the questionnaires/instruments you intend to use or, if youdo not have these questionnaires/instruments, a statement of what will be used (in MS Word, withyour application ID at the top)F. A data management and storage statement (available on Blackboard – simply add your nameand application ID at the end)4.2.1 How it works1. The School/College Ethics Panel will review your application – this is normally within twoweeks of submission2. You and your supervisor will be informed of the outcome by email3. Outcomes will be one of the following categories:• Conditional approval subject to review and re-submission (you must make the changesspecified by the panel before you can start)Discuss these with your supervisor sincedetails may vary according to project• Provisional approval subject to additional information and re-submission (you can start yourproject, but you will need to provide further information at a date determined by theSchool/College Ethics Panel)• Final approval (the approval is final, and you do not need to re-submit unless you makesubsequent changes to the project)• Rejection (you must discuss issues raised with your Supervisor)• Referral to University Research Ethics Committee where risk is identified that requires suchreferral.

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