1. Pick a local (city, region, or country) brand that has been very successful competing against the bigger global brands in its product category. What are the elements of its strategy that have enabled it to achieve this success? Be prepared to discuss and defend your list of elements with your classmates.Read the article: “Thirsty for Growth, Liquor Giant Taps African Market” and then perform a case analysis that covers the following questions:1. Why haven’t Diageo’s global branding strategies worked in Africa?2. What has the company done to change its marketing strategies?3. Are there risks to the Diageo brands to the new approach?4. What are the social implications of Diageo’s actions?2. Read the General Guidelines for Case Studies before beginning this assignment.Submit a 2-3 page case analysis, (independent of the title page and reference page) double-spaced in Times New Roman font which is no greater than 12-points inThe assignment has 2 parts discussion and written. The discussion needed few days in advance so I can post on the forum for students to discuss. Below is the professor posting. Hopefully, you can break down the words to accommodate the discussion partly because I will not be able to pay you any more than decided price. Submit a 2-3 page case analysis, (independent of the title page and reference, page) double-spaced in Times New Roman font which is no greater than 12-points in size. Paper and all citations should be in APA forma
Section 1: Problem Statement (short summary of the case – full sentences) [2 marks] Section 2: Key Issues (What are the issues? Who do they matter for? What are we trying to achieve? – discuss three issues in full sentences) [6 marks] Section 3: Your Recommendation (Executive summary – very short – max 2 full sentences) [3 marks] Section 4: Next best two alternatives with Pros and Cons (bullet points) [6 marks] Section 5: Justification of your recommendation (how does it respond to the most important issues? how is it better than the alternatives? – full sentences) [10 marks] Section 6: Implementation Plan with a Timeline (what specific steps are to be taken, in what order, and when? The aim is to demonstrate that your plan is feasible and you understand how complicated it is (or isn’t) to achieve – bullet points) [10 marks] Section 7: Risks and Contingencies (what are the two most likely problems that could make trouble for your recommendation or implementation plan? how do we deal with them? – bullet points) [4 marks]
Enterprise Educational Resource companion assessment material This final assessment material has been designed for use with the following Enterprise Educational Resource book available from Amazon.com.au: BSBWRT401 – Write complex documents (Release 1) For trainers and assessors: The companion material may be used ‘as is’ or customised by registered training organisations (RTOs) to suit individual requirements. Note that the responsibility of ensuring that the assessment process and content complies with the Standards for RTOs 2015 requirements rests solely and entirely with the RTO using the assessment material. For learners: Use the assessment material as a self-test before you undertake your final assessment for this unit. Use the tables 1-5 to look up the sections in the book that cover each aspect. This summative assessment material is separated into three sections, using the following assessment methods: Questions – to assess knowledge and understanding.Demonstration – to assess skills in either a simulated or actual workplace. This may also include observation of skills by a third party (where applicable).Projects – to assess knowledge, understanding and skills through practical applications or projects. The following tables map each assessment item against the unit of competency information and the relevant section of the Enterprise Educational Resource book: Table: 1 – Unit elements and performance criteria mapped to assessment items.Table: 2 – Knowledge evidence mapped to assessment items.Table: 3 – Performance evidence mapped to assessment items.Table: 4 – Foundation skills mapped to assessment items.Table: 5 – Dimensions of competency mapped to assessment items (most pertinent items). Questions Learners must provide the correct response(s) to all the questions that follow. Outline formatting styles and their impact on formatting of documents.Outline formatting styles and their impact on readability of documents.Outline formatting styles and their impact on appearance of documents.Identify the enterprise style guide/house style.Explain how you determine whether language in a document is appropriate to the audience.Explain rules and conventions for written English, as defined by general and specialist sources. Demonstration Learners must demonstrate their ability to correctly: (Note: If a specific volume or frequency is not stated, then evidence must be provided at least once) Interpret information to identify requirements and prepare material suitable to target audience and environment.Adhere to organisational policies and procedures related to document production.Make decisions based on standard procedures, using more formal decision-making processes where required.Obtain information or clarify requirements by asking questions and listening.Follow accepted communication practices and protocols when seeking advice about documents from colleagues, supervisors and managers. Project Learners must correctly complete the following project: Within your workplace, you have been asked to plan, draft and finalise two complex documents that accurately convey the required information in a format suitable for the intended audience and in accordance with organisational policies and procedures for document production. It is expected that you will be able to produce evidence of having worked through each step in the document planning, drafting and finalising process at the completion of your project. The document details are as follows: Prepare a 15-minute presentation for your work team on work, health and safety issues in your workplace. The presentation documents include both the slides for projection and a set of comprehensive notes, a copy of which will be handed to each team member at the end of the presentation.Your manager has requested that you write a report on the ways in which your organisation can reduce waste and become more environmentally friendly. Using your workplace or one with which you are familiar, undertake the necessary research and write this report. Your manager has indicated to you that he/she would like the report to be at least 10 pages in length and that it is to include graphics, images and tables which are relevant to your findings. Prepare each of these documents by responding to the requirements that follow: Determine the purpose of the document(s). Choose appropriate formats for the document(s).Establish the means of communication required.Determine the specific requirements for the document(s).Apply the enterprise style guide/house style. (If you do not have access to house style information, then obtain an example from the Internet and use that. Include a reference to the house style that you used within the reference section of your document.)Determine and list the categories and logical sequences of data, information and knowledge to achieve document objectives.Develop an overview of structure and content of documents.Review and organise available data, information and knowledge according to your proposed structure and content.Ensure your data, information and knowledge is aggregated, interpreted and summarised to prepare text that satisfies document purposes and objectives.Use appropriate software applications to include appropriate and relevant graphics, tables and figures.Identify gaps in required data and information, and collect additional material from relevant enterprise personnel.Draft your text according to the document requirements and genre.Use language that is appropriate to the document audience.Select basic design elements for your documents that are appropriate to your audience and purpose.Use word processing software to apply basic design elements and formatting to the text.Review and edit the draft text to ensure information accuracy and clarity.Check vocabulary, grammar, spelling and style for accuracy and punctuation.Check that the sentence, paragraph and section structures achieve the correct meaning and intent.Get feedback on your draft text and ensure that your manager or relevant personnel have approved it. (If you are not in a workplace, then get an associate to proofread your work and provide feedback). Include a copy of the feedback you received with your completed document(s).Incorporate the necessary revisions that were identified during the proofreading process in your final copy.Do a final check on your document to ensure all requirements have been met. Table: 1 – Unit elements and performance criteria mapped to assessment items Elements and performance criteriaLearner resource book section number & nameQuestionsDemonstrationProject1. Plan documents 1.1 Determine the purposes of documents1.1 Audiences for written documents11.2 Identify document purpose1.2 Choose appropriate formats for documents1.5 Document formats21.6 Document structure1.7 Document styling1.3 Establish means of communication1.8 Use technology to produce documents31.4 Determine requirements of documents1.9 Organisational policies and procedures41.10 Organisational procedures for written documents1.5 Determine categories and logical sequences of data, information and knowledge to achieve document objectives2.1 Identify categories and logical sequences of information61.6 Develop overview of structure and content of documents2.2 Develop overview of structure and content of documents72. Draft text 2.1 Review and organise available data, information and knowledge according to proposed structure and content2.3 Review and organise information82.2 Ensure data, information and knowledge is aggregated, interpreted and summarised to prepare text that satisfies document purposes and objectives2.4 Summarise and organise data92.3 Include graphics as appropriate2.5 Include figures, tables and graphics102.4 Identify gaps in required data and information, and collect additional material from relevant enterprise personnel2.6 Identify and fill information gaps112.5 Draft text according to document requirements and genre1.5 Document formats121.6 Document structure1.7 Document styling2.8 Prepare and check drafted content2.6 Use language appropriate to the audience1.3 Document tone5131.4 Formal, informal and standard writing styles3. Prepare final text 3.1 Review draft text to ensure document objectives are achieved and requirements are met2.8 Prepare and check drafted content163.1 Check draft fits the document requirements3.4 Check draft meets organisational requirements3.2 Check grammar, spelling and style for accuracy and punctuation3.2 Check draft content and structure173.3 Ensure draft text is approved by relevant enterprise personnel3.5 Independent proofreading193.4 Incorporate revisions in final copy3.6 Prepare final document204. Produce document 4.1 Choose basic design elements for documents appropriate to audience and purpose1.10 Organisational procedures for written documents143.3 Check design elements4.2 Use word processing software to apply basic design elements to text3.3 Check design elements154.3 Check documents to ensure all requirements are met3.6 Prepare final document21 Table: 2 – Knowledge evidence mapped to assessment items Knowledge evidenceLearner resource book section number & nameQuestionsDemonstrationProjectIdentify the enterprise style guide/house style1.10 Organisational procedures for written documents4Outline formatting styles and their impact on formatting, readability and appearance of documents1.5 Document formats11.6 Document structure21.7 Document styling3Explain rules and conventions for written English, as defined by general and specialist sources.3.2 Check draft content and structure6 Table: 3 – Performance evidence mapped to assessment items Performance evidenceLearner resource book section number & nameQuestionsDemonstrationProjectPlan, draft and finalise complex documents that require review and analysis of a range of information sources1 Plan to write documents1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 72 Organise information and draft text8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 143 Review and finalise document21Use business technology to apply formatting, and incorporate graphics2.5 Include figures, tables and graphics10, 153.3 Check design elementsEdit the draft text to ensure accuracy and clarity of information, obtain feedback on the draft and revise the draft2.8 Prepare and check drafted content16, 17, 18, 19, 203.1 Check draft fits the document requirements3.4 Check draft meets organisational requirements3.5 Independent proofreading3.6 Prepare final documentApply the enterprise style guide/house style.1.9 Organisational policies and procedures51.10 Organisational procedures for written documents Table: 4 – Foundation skills mapped to assessment items Foundations skillsLearner resource book section number & nameQuestionsDemonstrationProjectReading: Interprets information to identify requirements and prepares material suitable to target audience and environment1.1 Audiences for written documents11.2 Identify document purposeReading: Proofreads texts for accuracy3.6 Prepare final document21Writing: Creates documents for a specific audience using cohesive and well-structured language to convey detailed and accurate information2.8 Prepare and check drafted content16, 17, 18, 19, 203.1 Check draft fits the document requirements3.4 Check draft meets organisational requirementsWriting: Ensures vocabulary, layout and grammatical arrangement achieves meaning and intent of document3.2 Check draft content and structure18Oral Communication: Obtains information or clarifies requirements by asking questions and listening2.6 Identify and fill information gaps4Navigate the world of work: Adheres to organisational policies and procedures related to document production1.9 Organisational policies and procedures21.10 Organisational procedures for written documentsInteract with others: Follows accepted communication practices and protocols when seeking advice about documents from colleagues, supervisors and managers3.5 Independent proofreading5Get the work done: Plans, organises and implements tasks required to produce documents3.6 Prepare final document21Get the work done: Makes decisions based on standard procedures, using more formal decision making processes where required2.3 Review and organise information3Get the work done: Uses the main features and functions of digital tools to complete work tasks3.3 Check design elements15 Table: 5 – Dimensions of competency mapped to assessment items (most pertinent items) Dimensions of competencyQuestionsDemonstrationProjectTask skills516-18, 20, 21Task management skills614, 16-20Contingency management skills411, 20, 21Job role/environment skills4, 511, 19
The following sections are required in your written analysis (cover page not required):I. Executive Summary II. Problem/Issue Statement III. Situational Analysis IV. Alternatives V. Evaluation of Alternatives (pros and cons) VI. Recommendations with full rationale VII. Action Plan VIII. Exhibits (if you choose to use a SWOT, PESTEL or another analytical tool, you may include the work as an Appendix. Only your assessment of the findings should be included in the actual report.)The case must be no longer than 10 pages (excluding the exhibits), 12 pt. font, double-spaced. Longer than 10 pages will be penalized. Late assignments will not be accepted except for extreme extenuating circumstances discussed well before the due date with the instructor.Thoughts to consider while analyzing the case:1. Review the alternative growth strategies for Nyassa, in terms of pricing, packaging, promotion, B2B vs B2C, global vs India, etc. Consider: 1. What could be the appropriate pricing strategy for the anticipated revolutionary product that would mark Nyassa’s foray into the ultra-premium segment? 2. Could reusable packaging act as an enabler of a price premium for Nyassa? 3. Would it be prudent for Nyassa to attempt to swap the business share (65:35) of its two target â€¨segments of customers, i.e., retail and corporate? 2. From your review, recommend a growth strategy for Nyassa, including value creation strategies in terms of return policies, packaging and cross-selling for the new products.
Project Plan Draft Fill out each of the sections below with information relevant to your project. Be sure to include the company name associated with your project. Company Name Network Technology Recommendations Network Technology Selection CriteriaSelection Criteria NameSelection Criteria DescriptionSelection Criteria Value (Weighting in Points) Network Technology RecommendationRecommended Network TechnologiesDescriptionBenefitsAggregate Selection Criteria Score Network Technology Vendor Selection CriteriaSelection Criteria NameSelection Criteria DescriptionSelection Criteria Value (Weighting in Points) Network Technology Recommended VendorsVendor NameVendor StrengthsVendor WeaknessesProducts/Services Provided to ProjectAggregate Selection Criteria Score Network Technology Deployment ChallengesDeployment ChallengeDeployment Challenge Description Technology Adoption MethodsMethod NameMethod Description Cost/Benefit ConsiderationsBenefitsCostsConsiderations Database System Recommendation Database System Selection CriteriaSelection Criteria NameSelection Criteria DescriptionSelection Criteria Value (Weighting in Points) Database System RecommendationRecommended Database SystemDescriptionBenefitsAggregate Selection Criteria Score Database System Vendor Selection CriteriaSelection Criteria NameSelection Criteria DescriptionSelection Criteria Value (Weighting in Points) Database System Recommended VendorsVendor NameVendor StrengthsVendor WeaknessesProducts/Services Provided to ProjectAggregate Selection Criteria Score Database System Deployment ChallengesDeployment ChallengeDeployment Challenge Description Technology Adoption MethodsMethod NameMethod Description Cost/Benefit ConsiderationsBenefitsCostsConsiderations Software Application Recommendations Software Application Selection CriteriaSelection Criteria NameSelection Criteria DescriptionSelection Criteria Value (Weighting in Points) Software Application RecommendationRecommended Software ApplicationDescriptionBenefitsAggregate Selection Criteria Score Software Application Vendor Selection CriteriaSelection Criteria NameSelection Criteria DescriptionSelection Criteria Value (Weighting in Points) Software Application Recommended VendorsVendor NameVendor StrengthsVendor WeaknessesProducts/Services Provided to ProjectAggregate Selection Criteria Score Software Application Deployment ChallengesDeployment ChallengeDeployment Challenge Description Technology Adoption MethodsMethod NameMethod Description Cost/Benefit ConsiderationsBenefitsCostsConsiderations Cloud Services Recommendations Cloud Services Selection CriteriaSelection Criteria NameSelection Criteria DescriptionSelection Criteria Value (Weighting in Points) Cloud Services RecommendationRecommended Cloud ServicesDescriptionBenefitsAggregate Selection Criteria Score Cloud Services Vendor Selection CriteriaSelection Criteria NameSelection Criteria DescriptionSelection Criteria Value (Weighting in Points) Cloud Services Recommended VendorsVendor NameVendor StrengthsVendor WeaknessesProducts/Services Provided to ProjectAggregate Selection Criteria Score Cloud Services Deployment ChallengesDeployment ChallengeDeployment Challenge Description Technology Adoption MethodsMethod NameMethod Description Cost/Benefit ConsiderationsBenefitsCostsConsiderations
Case study 1: WAFL Sport marketing and fan-based research has mainly been focussing on professional elite-level sport (e.g., AFL). However, understanding supporter behaviour and connection is important for all tiers of competition. It is largely because sport clubs can benefit from having a loyal spectator base, as they contribute to achieving organisational goals as well as developing further connection and value for the communities. As such, the positive benefits of community sport clubs are evident, there are numerous challenges encountered. In the Australian sport context, financial and human resource constraints confront many clubs. As recently discussed in the Australian media, while the value of professional/elite sport continues to rise, numerous local and state-league clubs are struggling to survive. In past decades, state league Australian Rules football matches would attract thousands of fans; whereas today stands are mostly empty. This is despite the professional Australian Rules Football League (AFL) being recognised as the most financially viable sport in Australia. Based on the background, please design a research to help the WAFL clubs in Western Australia to improve match day and ongoing experience, and to increase engagement between attendees and the clubs. Case study 2: National Multicultural Festival Festivals and special events (e.g., aboriginal cultural festival, ethnic community festival) are not only emerging as one of the fastest growing types of tourism attractions, but also understood as one of the most common forms of cultural celebrations. They are an important expression of human activity that contributes to our social and cultural life. Similar to Canada and the U.S., Australia is a multicultural country where there are numerous residing ethnic groups and populations and where cultural diversity and social harmony and integration among the different ethnic groups are respected and promoted. For this important reason, state governments and regional and local councils need to realise the market potential of such ethnic cultural and multicultural festivals in their tourism promotion, given the fact that they provide an opportunity for the outside people to experience unique and authentic culture of diverse ethnic groups within a limited time frame. Based on the background, please design a research to help the local government in Canberra to improve on their promotion of National Multicultural Festival and to make the festival more appealing for a wider audience range.
Data Integrity, Usage, Problem Solving, Leadership Strategies, and Con As the chief information officer (CIO) of St. Augustine’s Hospital, you and your team have successfully had an operational electronic health record (EHR) system. However, there are some concerns about governance, compliance, data quality, and integrity. Address these concerns by responding to the following: What are the concerns of leadership in aligning health care information technology (IT) and organizational strategy through the strategic information systems planning (SISP) process? Explain the various uses of health care data. Describe the issues or problems associated with the use of health care data. Describe how you correct or protect against health care data problems. Identify the components of AHIMA’s health care data quality model. Demonstrate how these components are used to improve data quality.
FNSACM401 Assessment 1 Question 2 Introduction to Assessment 1 This assessment is designed to collect evidence of your knowledge of the information covered in FNSACM401 Evaluate and authorise payment requests. This assessment will be conducted online. Prior to commencing your assessment, please read and reflect on the learning guide for this unit as well as other available resources in your workplace (where applicable). You must also refer to the Academic Honesty Policy before commencing and/or submitting your online assessment. Keep a copy of all of your completed assessment submissions for your reference. Assessment 1 consists of short-answer questions that test your knowledge of this unit. You will find the feedback from your marked Assessment 1 of benefit when you are completing Assessment 2. Question 2 A Question Summarise the key requirements of ASIC’s ePayment Code of Practice in relation to the points listed below. a. Disclosure b. Liability for unauthorised transactions. c. Conduct d. Dealing with complaints FNSACM401 Assessment 1 Question 1 Below is a list of legislative instruments and an industry code of practice that apply to payment systems. Provide a summary of the requirements of each legislative instrument and the code as they relate to checking and authorising payment requests. a. Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Act 2006 b. The Financial Transaction Reports Act c. The Privacy Act 1988 and Australian Privacy principles d. Accounting Standards e. Banking Act 1966 f. Payment Systems (Regulation) Act 1998 g. e-Payments code FNSACM401 Assessment 1 Question 4 Question 4 A Question Provide a brief description of the options available in each accounts payable control category listed in the table below. Include any advantages and disadvantages of each control method. Control CategoryDescriptiona. Obligation to Pay b. Data Entry Controlsc. Payment Controlsd. Electronic payment
LAW302 Corporate Law Assessment 2 (30%) Case Study 1 (15 marks) Scintillators Pty Ltd is a company engaged in the event management for celebrities. It is a family-owned company and Joe Johnson, his wife and three adult children all own shares. Joe Johnson, a former bankrupt, is the sole Director. Joe manages the day to day business of the company which employs 30 employees, comprising event planners, designers and administrative support. In June of the year the company is engaged by Jerome Best, Australia’s wealthiest gardening equipment manufacturer, to plan his daughter’s wedding to Simon Stash, the son of Australia’s wealthiest marketing magnate. The wedding promises to be the most glamorous celebrity event of the year and Joe Johnson delegates the planning of the event to a team of 4 wedding planners. The planners arrange the flowers, venue, security and drinks for the event, scheduled for December in that year. All of the suppliers of these services to Scintillators Pty Ltd require payment in advance and the usual practice of the business is to obtain a personal guarantee from the clients and a 50% deposit. In relation to this particular event, Joe Johnson, directs the planners that they should not obtain a personal guarantee, nor require a deposit because he believes that this particular wedding is worth the risk and will situate the company at the centre of the celebrity events market. The total supplier’s costs, paid out of company funds, put the company in a financially precarious position, and Joe Johnson, not knowing the full financial impact, enters the company into a lease for office premises for a five-year period in the most expensive office building in Melbourne, owned by Jerome Best Pty Ltd. This forms part of his grand plan for the company to become the premier celebrity event manager in Australia. In the process of moving premises Joe Johnson discovers that he did not provide written consent to his appointment as Director. In the meantime, Joe Smith’s wife leaves him shortly after, citing irreconcilable differences and breach of duties owed to the Company. She also says to him that she is going to sue him personally for breaching his director’s duties and notify ASIC of his former bankruptcy and what he has been up to in relation to the company. Jerome Best also personally telephones him to advise that the wedding has been cancelled by the groom and that neither he nor his daughter would be paying a cent to anyone that has provided anything to do with the wedding. Joe becomes concerned about his legal position, honestly believing he has acted with proprietary and professionalism. He comes to you for advice. REQUIRED Advise Joe Johnson in relation to any potential equitable, common law and statutory liability. Provide relevant statutory law and/or case law as authority for your answer. Case Study 2 (15 marks) Brian is a non-executive director of OTC Ltd. Rakesh is a director and the CEO of OTC Ltd. Michael is a director and the finance controller of OTC Ltd. Brian has a substantial shareholding in OTC Ltd. This has entitled Brian to appoint a nominee director, who happens to be Rakesh. H2O Pty Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of OTC Ltd. Brian requested, and Rakesh and Michael arranged, for H2O Pty Ltd to advance $10 million to Dithery Pty Ltd – a company controlled by Brian. During the next two weeks Dithery Pty Ltd used some of these funds to purchase OTC Ltd shares to the value of approximately $4 million. Soon after the advance and the purchase of the shares, Brian created a unit trust with Dithery Pty Ltd as trustee. Units were issued to H2O Pty Ltd at a price of $10 million. A further 10% of the units in the trust were issued to another corporation controlled by Brian, Myne2 Pty Ltd. The trust property comprised of the shares in OTC Ltd and the residue of the $10 million advance. Over subsequent months, Dithery Pty Ltd had the opportunity of selling the OTC Ltd shares at a profit but chose not to. Eventually they were sold at a loss of $2.5 million. The residue of the $10 million advance was used by Dithery Pty Ltd to: (i) purchase from Myne2 Pty Ltd unlisted technology shares (they were purchased at the price Myne2 Pty Ltd had initially paid for them. They were almost worthless at the time of purchase and were ultimately sold at a loss of $3.8 million); and (ii) make unsecured loans to further corporations controlled by Brian. ASIC has received a complaint from a preference shareholder in OTC Ltd. He is angry that the board of OTC Ltd has not declared a dividend in many years “despite the fact that my shares have a guaranteed right to 10% annual dividends.” He has outlined to the ASIC the above facts that he has discovered through his own investigations. He has complained that “the management of OTC Ltd” is appalling. ASIC now approaches you seeking your advice on the above matters. REQUIRED Advice ASIC on whether Brian, Rakesh and Michael have breached any of their general law and/or statutory duties as directors and outline the remedies and/or penalties which would apply if any general law and/or statutory director’s duties have been breached.
Case Study question For this case study, you ideally will need to recruit a healthy adult competitive athlete. This person can be a recreational sports athlete, college athlete, or other type of active athlete. Alternatively, you can even use yourself. Note that this is just an academic exercise, so the person you are working with does not need to follow the program. Go through Steps 1 to 8 from Unit 17, provided below, and develop nutritional guidepnes for your subject, dependent on the season that he/she is in. Then provide a discussion as to why you made your recommendations. Show all calculations that may apply, using the methods in the course textbook related to the Steps. Make note of the person’s age, gender, sport, and athletic season. Step 1: Determine body composition. Step 2: Determine daily caloric expenditure range for training days and non-training days and for competition days. Step 3: Determine the bioenergetics the sport primarily demands for peak athletic performance; Athlete- Type; Anaerobic – Immediate Energy System; Anaerobic Glycolytic; Anaerobic Glycolytic – Oxidative Glycolytic; and Oxidative. Some examples of sports are included below. Step 4: Determine daily protein intake estimate and the foods and supplements to achieve it. Remember from your lessons that protein requirements can differ among different Athlete-Types and among individual athletes. This gives a scientific reason for making protein intake a priority for sports nutrition programs, in addition to other factors. Step 5: Determine daily carbohydrate estimate and the foods and supplements to achieve it. Remember to plan for carbohydrate beverage intake before, during, and after practice and for sport events as appropriate. Modulate carbohydrate type and amount with meals and snacks to meet specific nutrition goals. Step 6: Determine fat (essential fatty acids) intake estimate and plan, and select foods and cooking methods to achieve it. Keeping fat intake under 30 percent of total daily calories will be an ongoing skill to master. For certain sports, maintaining low fat intake during the season—between 15 and 20 percent of total daily calories—can be challenging and requires extra effort to make sure athletes are ingesting adequate amounts of the essential fatty acids: Linoleic and Alpha-linolenic acids. Add healthy sources of essential fatty acids in addition to EPA and DHA as required for health. Step 7: Maintain proper fluid intake estimate to meet daily requirements, as determined by amount of physical activity, environmental factors, and specific athletic training, performance, and health needs. Step 8: Determine the needs for using special sports nutrition and dietary supplement products.